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Pora

The "rising sun" of Pora! symbolizes a new dawn.

Pora! (authoritarian governing style of Ukraine's president Leonid Kuchma. After the Orange Revolution Pora! split up in two different entities, Black Pora! (since 2006 OPORA) and Yellow Pora!

Contents

  • The civic youth organization 1
  • The split 2
  • The political party 3
  • OPORA 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

The civic youth organization

Pora! was inspired and partly trained by members of the Zubr in Belarus (opposing President Alexander Lukashenko), Oborona in Russia, and MJAFT! in Albania.

According to Pora! has never received U.S. funding and that while 10 members traveled to Serbia in the spring of 2004 and met with Otpor leaders at a seminar in the city of Novi Sad, they paid for themselves.

Prior to the 2004 presidential election, pro-democracy movements such as Pora! had created political networks throughout Ukraine, including 150 groups responsible for spreading information and coordinating election monitoring, 72 regional centers, and 30,000 registered participants. This allowed Pora! to mobilize protesters after widespread reports of electoral fraud.[1]

Pora! supported Viktor Yushchenko in protests following the disputed 2004 presidential election. It claimed to have about 10,000 members. Its methods have apparently been influenced by Gene Sharp's manual From Dictatorship to Democracy. Apart from the mass demonstrations of the "Orange Revolution", the group's tactics have included the use of visually striking posters showing confrontational images such as a giant boot crushing a cockroach, and stickers with "revolutionary" slogans such as "Time to Arise!". Not surprisingly, this has aroused the ire of the Ukrainian authorities and Pora! activists have often been harassed and arrested. Pora! activists where arrested in October 2004, but the release of many (on what was reported President Leonid Kuchma's personal order) gave growing confidence to the opposition.[2] Pora! was seen as being on the radical wing of the reform movement.

The split

After the success of the Our Ukraine) of Viktor Yuschenko and PRP (Reforms and Order Party).[3]

  • OPORA (former Black Pora) official website
  • (Ukrainian) Yellow Pora official website

External links

  1. ^ Kalil, Thomas. (2008) Harnessing the Mobile Revolution. The New Policy Institute. Pg 14
  2. ^ Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present edited by Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash, Oxford University Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-19-955201-6 (page 345)
  3. ^ a b PORA! TAKES TWO DIFFERENT PATHS, The Jamestown Foundation (1 February 2005>
  4. ^ a b BEREZOVSKY HOPES TO SELL ORANGE REVOLUTION TO RUSSIA, The Jamestown Foundation (17 March 2005)
  5. ^ a b c d e (Ukrainian) Громадянська партія “Пора”, Database DATA
  6. ^ (Ukrainian) Results of the elections, preliminary data, on interactive maps by Ukrayinska Pravda (November 8, 2010)
  7. ^ (Ukrainian) Results of voting in single constituencies in 2012 & Nationwide list, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  8. ^ Alphabetical Index of parties in 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  9. ^ DEMOCRACY IN UKRAINE AFTER THE ORANGE REVOLUTION by Vitaliy Shyyan, University of Minnesota (September 2008)

References

See also

Black Pora, functions mainly as a pro-democracy watchdog trying to clean Ukraine of 'Kuchmizm' (i.e. the legacy of the former authoritarian President Leonid Kuchma) and does not see the possibility of exporting its experience to other countries. Black Pora! remains a non-partizan movement and has formally registered as an NGO - All-Ukrainian Civic Organization Pora! Part of its public campaigns - such as the one aimed at pressuring major political parties to clean their electoral lists of notorious personalities - connected to the old regime or having criminal background. Around the March 2006 Parliamentary elections Black Pora changed its name to OPORA (Foundation) (Ukrainian: ОПОРА).[9]

OPORA

The party did not participate in the 2012 parliamentary elections.[7] And again did not participate in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election.[8]

In the 2010 local elections the party biggest achievement was winning 3 seats in the Lviv City Council.[6]

In the parliamentary elections on 30 September 2007, the party was part of the Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc alliance,[5] which won 72 out of 450 seats.

Now Yellow Pora! is a Ukrainian political party registered on March 23, 2005.[5] Yellow Pora was united with Party Reform and Order and founded bloc PRP-PORA for the parliamentary elections 2006.[5] Vitali Klitschko was the head of this political bloc. At the parliamentary elections on 26 March 2006, this alliance won 1,47% of the popular vote and no seats.[5] The alliance was disbanded after the election when the parties became members of different electoral alliances.

Yellow Pora!
Founded March 23, 2005[5]
Headquarters Kiev, Ukraine
Ideology Liberalism
International affiliation None
Colours Yellow
Website
http://pora.ua/
Politics of Ukraine
Political parties
Elections

The political party

[4]

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