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Panamanian general election, 2014


Panamanian general election, 2014

Panamanian general election, 2014

4 May 2014 (2014-05-04)

Nominee Juan Carlos Varela José Domingo Arias Juan Carlos Navarro
Popular vote 724,762 581,828 521,842
Percentage 39.1% 31.4% 28.1%

President before election

Ricardo Martinelli
Democratic Change

Elected President

Juan Carlos Varela
Panameñista Party

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

General elections were held in Panama on 4 May 2014.[1] Due to constitutional term limits, Incumbent President Ricardo Martinelli was ineligible for a second consecutive term. Incumbent Vice President Juan Carlos Varela of the Partido Panameñista was declared the victor with 39% of the votes counted.[2]


  • Electoral system 1
  • Presidential candidates 2
  • Opinion polls 3
  • Results 4
    • President 4.1
    • National Assembly 4.2
  • References 5

Electoral system

Of the 71 members of the National Assembly, 26 were elected in single-member constituencies and 45 by proportional representation in multi-member constituencies. Each district with more than 40,000 inhabitants forms a constituency. Constituencies elect one MP for every 30,000 residents and an additional representative for every fraction over 10,000.[3]

In single-member constituencies MPs are elected using the first-past-the-post system. In multi-member constituencies MPs are elected using party list proportional representation according to a double quotient; the first allocation of seats uses a simple quotient, further seats are allotted using the quotient divided by two, with any remaining seats are awarded to the parties with the greatest remainder.[3]

Presidential candidates

Seven candidates contested the election:[4]

Opinion polls

Poll source Date José Domingo Arias
Juan Carlos Navarro
Juan Carlos Varela
Dichter & Neira[5] March 2014 39% 32% 26%
Ipsos[5] March 2014 33% 31% 26%
Dichter & Neira[6] 23 April 2014 35% 30% 32%
Ipsos[7] 23 April 2014 33.9% 34.2% 29.1%



Candidate Party Votes %
Juan Carlos Varela Panameñista Party 724,762 39.09
José Domingo Arias Democratic Change 581,828 31.38
Juan Carlos Navarro Democratic Revolutionary Party 521,842 28.14
Genaro López Broad Front for Democracy 11,127 0.60
Juan Jované Independent 10,805 0.58
Esteban Rodríguez Independent 2,240 0.12
Gerardo Barroso Independent 1,598 0.09
Valid votes 1,854,202 98.30
Invalid votes 17,162 0.91
Blank votes 14,944 0.79
Total votes 1,886,308 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 2,457,401 76.76
Source: Election Tribunal (100% of polling stations counted)

National Assembly

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Change 573,603 33.72 30 +16
Democratic Revolutionary Party 535,747 31.49 25 –1
Panameñista Party 343,880 20.22 12 –10
Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement 121,815 7.16 2
People's Party 56,629 3.33 1
Independents 52,184 3.07 1 -1
Broad Front for Democracy 17,224 1.01 0 New
Total 1,701,082 100.00 71 0
Valid votes 1,701,082 92.06
Invalid votes 75,542 4.09
Blank votes 71,176 3.85
Total votes 1,847,800 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 2,457,401 75.19
Source: Election Tribunal

Although Democratic Change won 30 seats and MOLIRENA 2, rival candidates in 10 of the circuits won by CD and 1 of those won by MOLIRENA said there were irregularities throughout the elections that favored the winning parties. As such, the Electoral Tribunal of Panama annulled the results in those circuits and new special elections will be held every Sunday since 16 November 2014 to determine which candidate will win one of those 11 seats.

As of now, the results are:
Election Date Circuit Candidate Party
16 November 2014 7-1 Carlos "Tito" Afú Democratic Change (CD)
23 November 2014 2-4 Noriel Salerno Democratic Change (CD)
30 November 2014 7-2 Mariela Vega Democratic Change (CD)
14 December 2014 4-1 Miguel Fanovich Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement (MOLIRENA)
14 December 2014 4-1 Florentino Ábrego Panameñista Party


  1. ^ Panama IFES
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Electoral system IPU
  4. ^ Panama IFES
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^
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