Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church

Patriarch of Peć and the Serbs
Patriarchate

Incumbent:
Patriarch Irinej

Style: His Holiness the Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, Serbian Patriarch
Residence: Belgrade, Serbia
First Patriarch: Sava (Archbishop)
Joanikije II (Patriarch)
Formation: 1219, 1346
Website: www.spc.rs

This is a list of the Archbishops and Patriarchs of Peć and the Serbs from the creation of the church as an archdiocese in 1219 to today's Patriarchate. The list includes all the Archbishops and Patriarchs that led the Serbian Orthodox Church under the Patriarchate of Peć. Today, the church is unified under a Patriarch who is known officially as Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch. Patriarch Irinej acceded to this position on 23 January 2010.

The Archdiocese of Peć was founded in 1219 by Saint Sava, under the authority of the Patriarch of Constantinople. In 1346, when Stephen Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia proclaimed himself "Emperor", he also elevated Peć to a patriarchate. This was only recognized by the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1379.

After the Ottoman conquest of the Serbian Despotate in 1459, the Patriarchate gradually lost its importance. At times the church was forced by the Ottoman government to install Greeks in the office. From 1766 to 1920 the patriarchate was abolished and all ecclesiastical jurisdiction was given to the Patriarch of Constantinople. A metropolitan see was maintained in Belgrade from 1766 afterwards. There were also independent Serbian Orthodox sees based in Karlovci and in Montenegro.

In 1920, the church was reunified and the Patriarchy was reestablished with the see moving to Belgrade, but retaining the lineage of the throne of Saint Sava in Peć. The Patriarch holds ecclesiatical authority over the Orthodox Church in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, and also over Serbian Orthodox Christians in Western Europe, Australia, North America, and South America.

Legend

     venerated to sainthood      also served as Metropolitan of Karlovci
     also served as Metropolitan of Belgrade      Current Serbian Patriarch

Archbishops, 1219–1346

Archbishop of the Autocephalous Orthodox Archdiocese of Žiča (1219–1233)
Regnal title: Metropolitan of Žiča and Archbishop of Serbs
No. Primate Portrait Personal name In Office Place of birth Notes
1 Sava
Сава
Sabbas
Rastko Nemanjić
Растко Немањић
1219–1233 Stari Ras First Archbishop of Autocephalous Serbian Church
Archbishops of the Autocephalous Orthodox Archdiocese of Peć (1233–1346)
Regnal title: Metropolitan of Peć and Archbishop of Serbs
No. Primate Portrait Personal name In Office Place of birth Notes
2 Arsenije I Sremac
Арсеније I Сремац
Arsenius I of Syrmia
1233–1263 Syrmia First Archbishop of the See of Peć
3 Sava II
Сава II
Predislav Nemanjić
Предислав Немањић
1263–1271 Stari Ras Nephew to Sava I
4 Danilo I
Данило I
Daniel I
1271–1272 Was replaced after a year for an unknown reason
5 Joanikije I
Јоаникије I
Joannicius I
1272–1276 Disciple of Sava II
Archdiocese throne vacant from 1276–1279
6 Jevstatije I
Јевстатије I
Eustathius I
1279-4 January 1286 Budimlje Relics buried at Patriarchate of Peć
7 Jakov I
Јаков I
Jacob I
1286–1292
8 Jevstatije II
Јевстатије II
Eustathius II
1292–1309
9 Sava III
Сава III
Sabbas III
1309–1316
10 Nikodim I Pećki
Никодим I Пећки
Nikodemus I of Peć
1316–1324
11 Danilo II
Данило II
Daniel II
1324–1337

Patriarchs, 1346–1766; 1920–present

Patriarchs of the Holy Patriarchal See of Peć (1346–1766)
First Patriarchate of Peć (1346–1463)
Regnal title: Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Maritime and all Serb Lands
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
1 Joanikije II
Јоаникије II
1338 (Archbishop)
1346 (Patriarch)
1346 (Archbishop)
1354 (Patriarch)
First Serb Patriarch installed during the coronation of Emperor Dušan
English name: Joannicius II
2 Sava IV
Сава IV
1354 1375
3 Jefrem
Јефрем
1375 1380 Tarnovo, Bulgarian Empire First tenure
English name: Ephraem
4 Spiridon
Спиридон
1380 1389 English name: Spyridon
-- Jefrem
Јефрем
1389 1390 Tarnovo, Bulgarian Empire Second tenure
English name: Ephraem
5 Danilo III
Данило III
1390 1396 English name: Daniel III
6 Sava V
Сава V
1396 1406
7 Danilo IV
Данило IV
1406 English name: Daniel IV
8 Kirilo I
Кирило
1407 1419 English name: Cyril I
9 Nikon
Никон
1420 1435
10 Teofan
Теофан
1435 1446 For unknown reasons not listed as an official Patriarch of the church
English name: Theophanes
11 Nikodim II
Никодим II
1446 1455 English name: Nikodemus II
12 Arsenije II
Арсеније II
1457 1463 English name: Arsenius II
First Ottoman Intervention (1463–1557)[A]
vacant from 1463 to 1508 due to Ottoman Empire's 1st abolishment
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
-- Jovan I
Јован I
1508 Title of Archbishop of Serbs English name: John I
vacant from 1508 to 1524 due to Ottoman Empire's 2nd abolishment
-- Marko
Марко
1524 Title was Serb Metropolitan
English name: Mark
vacant from 1524 to 1527 due to Ottoman Empire's 3rd abolishment
-- Pavle (I)
Павле (I)
1527 1535 Title known as Metropolitan of Smederevo
English name: Paul
vacant from 1535 to 1557 due to Ottoman Empire's 4th abolishment
Second Patriarchate of Peć (1557–1766)
Regnal title: Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs and Bulgarians (1557–1572)
Regnal title: Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs (1572–1766)
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
13 Makarije
Макарије
Makarije Sokolović
Макарије Соколовић
1557 1571 Višegrad English name: Macarius
14 Antonije
Антоније
Antonije Sokolović
Антоније Соколовић
1571 1575 English name: Anthony
15 Gerasim
Герасим
Gerasim Sokolović
Герасим Соколовић
1575 1586 English name: Gerasimus
16 Savatije
Саватије
Savatije Sokolović
Саватије Соколовић
1587 English name: Sabbatios
17 Nikanor
Никанор
? English name: Nicanor
18 Jerotej
Јеротеј
1589 1590 English name: Hieroteos
19 Filip
Филип
1591 1592 English name: Philip
20 Jovan II Kantul
Јован
1592 1613 English name: John II Kantul
21 Pajsije I
Пајсије I
1615 1648 English name: Paisius
22 Gavrilo I
Гаврило I
1648 1655 English name: Gabriel I
23 Maksim I
Максим
1655 1672 Skopje English name: Maxim
24 Arsenije III
Арсеније III
Arsenije Čarnojević
Арсеније Чарнојевић
1672 1690 Cetinje, Montenegro English name: Arsenius III
Patriarch that lead the Serbs to migration into Habsburg Monarchy. Created independent church in Hungary.
25 Kalinik I
Калиник I
1691 1710 Skopje English name: Callinicus I
Maintained Peć in turbulent times after the mass exodous of Serbs from the Ottoman Empire.
26 Atanasije I
Атанасије I
1711 1712 English name: Athanasius I
27 Mojsije
Мојсије
1712 1726 English name: Moses
28 Arsenije IV
Арсеније IV
Arsenije Jovanović-Šakabenta
Арсеније Јовановић Шакабента
1726 1737 Peć English name: Arsenius IV
29 Joanikije III
Јоаникије II
1739 1746 English name: Joannicius III
ethnic Greek Patriarch
30 Atanasije II
Атанасије II
1746 1752 English name:Athanasius II
31 Gavrilo II
Гаврило II
1752 Sarajevo English name: Gabriel II
32 Gavrilo III
Гаврило III
1755 English name: Gabriel III
33 Vikentije I
Викентије
?? ?? English name: Vicentius I
34 Pajsije II Grk
Пајсије II Грк
?? ?? English name: Paisius II the Greek
ethnic Greek Patriarch
35 Gavrilo IV Grk
Гаврило IV Грк
?? ?? English name: Gabriel IV the Greek
ethnic Greek Patriarch
36 Kirilo II
Кирило II
1758 1763 English name: Cyril II
37 Vasilije
Василије
Vasilije Brkić
Василије Бркић
1763 1765 English name: Basil
38 Kalinik II Grk
Калиник II Грк
1765 1766 English name: Callinicus II the Greek
ethnic Greek Patriarch
Resigned as Patriarch, effectively abolishing the post and relegating it to the Patriarchate of Constantinople
Second Ottoman Intervention (1766–1920)
Ottoman Empire abolishes the Patriarchate of Peć for the Fifth and final time. During the period of 1766 to 1920, the Serbian Orthodox Christians within the Ottoman Empire are subjected to the Patriarch of Constantinople. However a metropolitan bishop remained in Belgrade.
See List of Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople
For the Metropolitans of Belgrade, see Metropolitanate of Belgrade

There was also a see in Cetinje, Montenegro since the late 15th century. The Vladikas of Montenegro were Orthodox bishops that ran the tiny medieval Serb statlet of Montenegero. The Metropolitante of Montenegero was a part of three major dioceses that merged to form the reunited Serbian church in 1920 (the other were the Metropolitante of Belgrade and the Patriarchate of Karlovci).

See List of Metropolitans of Montenegro

Due to the war between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League, a large number of Serbs migrated to Habsburg Monarchy in 1690. This caused the establishment of a Metropolitanate in Karlowitz (Sremski Karlovci). Later on the see was elevated to a patriarchate in 1848 as a reward to Serbs who supported the Habsburgs during the 1848/1849 revolution.

For the Metropolitans of Karlovci, see Metropolitanate of Karlovci
For the Patriarchs of Karlovci, see Patriarchate of Karlovci
Patriarchs of the Holy Patriarchal See of Belgrade (Peć) (1920–present)
Regnal title: Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Serbian Patriarch[B]
No. Primate Portrait Personal name Reigned from Reigned until Place of birth Notes
39 Dimitrije
Димитрије
Dimitrije Pavlović
Димитрије Павловић
12 September 1920 6 April 1930 Požarevac, Principality of Serbia English name: Dimitrius
First Patriarch of the reunified Serbian church
40 Varnava
Варнава
Petar Rosić
Петар Росић
12 May 1930 23 July 1937 Pljevlja, Principality of Montenegro Some believe he may have been poisoned
English name: Barnabas
41 Gavrilo [V]
Гaврилo
Gavrilo Dožić
Гaврилo Дoжић
21 February 1938 7 May 1950 Vrujci, Principality of Montenegro Known unofficially as Gavrilo V Dožić-Medenica
English name: Gabriel (Gabriel V)
42 Vikentije [II]
Викентије
Vitomir Prodanov
Витомир Проданов
1950 5 July 1958 Bačko Petrovo Selo, Austria-Hungary Not known as Vikentije II but entered just as Vikentije
English name: Vicentius (II)
43 German
Герман
Hranislav Đorić
Хранислав Ђорић
14 September 1958 27 August 1990 Jošanička Banja, Kingdom of Serbia Longest reigning Patriarch
English name: Herman
44 Pavle [II]
Павле
Gojko Stojčević
Гојко Стојчевић
1 December 1990 15 November 2009 Kućanci, Austria-Hungary Not known as Pavle II but entered just as Pavle
English name: Paul
45 Irinej
Иринеј
Miroslav Gavrilović
Мирослав Гавриловић
23 January 2010 Present Vidova, Kingdom of Yugoslavia English name: Irenaeus

Notes

  • A The Ottomans did not recognize the official title of "Archbishop of Peć and Patriarch of Serbs". However still church records still record these three men as Patriarchs even though they did not serve in full title. They were still known as the exrach and protector of the throne
  • B The patriarchs hold the title of Archbishop of Peć, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci, and Patriarch of all Serbs and are considered the successors to the Patriarchal throne of Peć. However, the Patriarchy is based in Belgrade, Serbia.

See also

External links

  • Serbian Orthodox Church, history at spc.rs
  • Pages on most of the Serbian Patriarchs (in Serbian)
  • Kosovo.com: another list of Serbian Patriarchs
  • Hierarchical Succession of the Patriarchal See of Serbia from the Orthodox Research Institute
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