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Title: Patupaiarehe  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hulder, Ngātoro-i-rangi, Tararua Range, Ghosts and spirits in Maori culture, Mount Maunganui (mountain)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


In Māori mythology, Patupaiarehe are pale spirit beings that live in deep forests and mountaintops in New Zealand, and are sometimes hostile to humans. Ethereal flute music and singing sometimes reveals their presence.

Patupaiarehe, also referred to as Turehu, Ngati Hotu and Urukehu (red heads), were said to live in large guarded communities.[1] They tended to occur in certain localities, especially hilly or mountainous regions. In the North Island these included Mt Pirongia in the Waikato, the Coromandel Range from Mt Moehau to Mt Te Aroha, the Rotorua hills, the Urewera Ranges, and the Waitākere Ranges near present-day Auckland. In the South Island, they inhabited the hills of Banks Peninsula, the Takitimu range, and the hills between Lake Brunner and the Arahura River.[2][3] Another little-known term for these fairy-like folk was pakehakeha, which has been suggested as a possible origin of the word Pākehā, used to refer to Europeans.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Patupaiarehe and ponaturi", Te Ara website
  2. ^ "Patupaiarehe, tūrehu and other inhabitants", Te Ara
  3. ^  
  4. ^ "ORIGINS OF THE WORDS PAKEHA AND MAORI", Sidney J. Baker, Journal of the Polynesian Society, Vol 54-4 1945

External links

  • Pirongia Mountain – 1966 Encyclopedia of New Zealand
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