World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0034138196
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pectiniidae  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Corals, Hermatypic coral, Conch Reef, Crocker Reef, Hen and Chickens (reef)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Echinophyllia spp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Subclass: Hexacorallia
Order: Scleractinia
Family: Pectiniidae
See text

Pectiniidae is a family of stony corals, commonly known as chalice corals. Members of the family are mostly colonial but one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. The name is probably related to the comb-like appearance of the walls of the corallites, which are tall, thin and striated. [2] Pectiniids are endemic to the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically laminar. The polyps are large and brightly coloured and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family. They are only extended at night. The tentacles are translucent, long and thin and most species also have sweeper tentacles armed with cnidocytes. These corals contain symbiotic micro-algae called zooxanthellae. Pectiniids are sought after for the reef aquarium trade.[1][3]


The World Register of Marine Species includes the following genera in the family:[1][3]

Echinomorpha nishihirai

Oxypora aspera (Ellis & Solander)
Oxypora convoluta (Veron, 2002)
Oxypora crassispinosa (Nemenzo, 1980)
Oxypora egyptensis (Veron, 2002)
Oxypora glabra (Nemenzo, 1959)
Oxypora lacera (Verrill, 1864)


  1. ^ a b c WoRMS (2010). "Pectiniidae".  
  2. ^ Family Pectiniidae Classification of Scleractinian (Stony) Corals. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
  3. ^ a b Family Pectiniidae - Chalice Corals Blue Zoo Aquatics. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.