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Title: Peninsula  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mare Island, Semporna Peninsula, Geography of Europe, Geography of Macau, Omval (Amsterdam)
Collection: Coastal and Oceanic Landforms, Coastal Geography, Oceanographical Terminology, Peninsulas
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A peninsula (Latin: paeninsula from paene "almost" and insula "island"; also called a byland or biland) is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.[1] The surrounding water is usually understood to belong to a single, contiguous body,[2][3] but is not always explicitly defined as such.[4] A peninsula can also be a headland (head), cape, island promontory, bill, point, or spit.[5] Note that a point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape.[6] In English, the plural of peninsula is peninsulas or, less commonly, peninsulae.


  • Africa 1
    • Horn of Africa 1.1
    • Other 1.2
  • Oceania 2
    • Australia 2.1
    • Papua New Guinea 2.2
    • New Zealand 2.3
  • Europe 3
    • Balkan Peninsula 3.1
    • Denmark 3.2
    • Iberian Peninsula 3.3
    • Ireland 3.4
    • Italy 3.5
    • Russia 3.6
    • Scandinavia 3.7
    • Turkey 3.8
    • Ukraine 3.9
    • United Kingdom 3.10
      • England 3.10.1
      • Scotland 3.10.2
      • Wales 3.10.3
      • Northern Ireland 3.10.4
    • Other peninsulas in Europe 3.11
  • Asia 4
    • China 4.1
    • Russia 4.2
    • Turkey 4.3
    • Eastern Mediterranean 4.4
    • Indian subcontinent and South Asia 4.5
    • Japan 4.6
      • Kyūshū 4.6.1
      • Honshū 4.6.2
      • Hokkaido 4.6.3
    • Kazakhstan 4.7
    • Korea 4.8
    • Persian Gulf 4.9
  • South East Asia 5
    • Indonesia 5.1
    • Malaysia 5.2
    • Philippines 5.3
    • Vietnam 5.4
  • North America 6
    • Canada 6.1
    • Greenland 6.2
    • Mexico 6.3
    • United States 6.4
      • Alaska 6.4.1
      • California 6.4.2
      • Florida 6.4.3
      • Maryland 6.4.4
      • Massachusetts 6.4.5
      • Michigan 6.4.6
      • New Jersey 6.4.7
      • New York 6.4.8
      • Utah 6.4.9
      • Virginia 6.4.10
      • Washington 6.4.11
      • Other states 6.4.12
  • South America 7
  • Caribbean 8
  • Antarctica 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11


The Horn of Africa also known as the Somali peninsula.

Horn of Africa



A beach on the Mornington Peninsula

Papua New Guinea

New Zealand

In the North Island
In the South Island


  • Europe is sometimes considered to be a large peninsula extending off Eurasia. It is composed of many peninsulas, the four main component peninsulas being the Iberian, Scandinavian, Italian, and Balkan peninsulas.

Balkan Peninsula

The Balkans is a peninsula including Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia and the European part of Turkey.


Iberian Peninsula

Satellite view of the Iberian Peninsula

Encompassing continental Spain and Portugal, Andorra, British overseas territory of Gibraltar and a small amount of southern France.



Satellite view of the famous Italian Peninsula


Curonian Spit, a large peninsula in the Baltic Sea


Scandinavia is a peninsula encompassing present-day Sweden, Norway, and part of Finland.



United Kingdom


Southwestern England and the English Channel



Northern Ireland

Other peninsulas in Europe

A small peninsula in Croatia
Au peninsula, Lake Zürich, Switzerland





Map of Anatolian Peninsula at the Asian part of Turkey.

Eastern Mediterranean

Indian subcontinent and South Asia

South India (Peninsular India).

The Indostanic Peninsula or Indian subcontinent is itself a peninsula.







Korean Peninsula.

The whole land mass encompassing North and South Korea is a peninsula, surrounded by the Sea of Korea on the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the West Sea to the west, the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

Persian Gulf

South East Asia





North America




United States




The Floridian Peninsula, shown by a NASA satellite image.

Florida is a well-known example of a large peninsula, with its land area divided between the larger Florida peninsula and the smaller Florida panhandle on the north and west. It has several smaller peninsulas within it:


Mid-Atlantic shoreline showing, from the upper right, the Cape May Peninsula of New Jersey, Delaware Bay, the Delmarva Peninsula, and Chesapeake Bay. Also visible are the peninsulas of Maryland and Virginia along the Chesapeake's shores.


Cape Cod, a peninsula of Massachusetts


The large Michigan Peninsulas from space, showing both the Upper Peninsula and Lower Peninsula.

New Jersey

New York

Long Island, New York, with its North and South Forks.
  • Irondequoit, NY (Geographical headland)


  • Antelope Island, Utah, becomes a peninsula when waters are low, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Promontory Peninsula, on the north eastern shore of the Great Salt Lake
  • Stansbury Peninsula becomes an island when waters are high, on the south shore of the Great Salt Lake



Other states

South America




  1. ^ Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries, ed. (2004). Word Histories and Mysteries: From Abracadabra to Zeus. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 216.  
  2. ^ "Definition of peninsula". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  3. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  4. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  5. ^ Peninsula. – Britannica Student Encyclopedia. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica, Retrieved 2007-07-19.
  6. ^

External links

  • The dictionary definition of peninsula at Wiktionary
  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
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