World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Perth County, Ontario

Article Id: WHEBN0000627790
Reproduction Date:

Title: Perth County, Ontario  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Huron County, Ontario, Perth South, Ontario, North Perth, Ontario, Perth East, Ontario, West Perth, Ontario
Collection: Perth County, Ontario
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Perth County, Ontario

For the town in Lanark County, Ontario see Perth, Ontario.
Perth County
County (upper-tier)
County of Perth
Official logo of Perth County
Location of Perth County
Location of Perth County
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Formed 1850
County seat Stratford
 • Land 2,179.03 km2 (841.33 sq mi)
Elevation 394 m (1,293 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 37,571
 • Density 17.2/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Area code(s) 519 and 226

Perth County is a county of the Canadian province of Ontario, and is located in Southwestern Ontario, 100 kilometres (62 mi) west of Toronto. The county seat is at Stratford, which is separated from the county but within its geographic boundary. According to the 2011 census, the population of Perth County was 37,571.


  • Subdivisions 1
  • Historic townships 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Media 4
    • Newspapers 4.1
    • Radio 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


The county includes:

The City of Stratford and Town of St. Marys are part of the Perth census division, but are separated from the county.

Historic townships

Historic townships in Perth County

Perth County, area 524,571 acres (820 sq mi; 2,123 km2), was mainly settled through the agency of the Canada Company which opened a road from the site of Stratford to Goderich. It was officially created in January 1850 out of the former Huron and Wellington Districts and had 11 original townships:[2][3]

  • Blanshard Township, area 45,952 acres (72 sq mi; 186 km2). Opened in 1830 and named from Richard Blanshard, Director of the Canada Company.
  • Downie Township, area 48,342 acres (76 sq mi; 196 km2). The township was opened for settlement in 1830 and named in honour of Robert Downie, M.P., one of the directors of the Canada Company.
  • Easthope Townships (North and South). Areas 43,117 and 23,641 acres (37 sq mi; 96 km2). Named from Sir John Easthope, M.P. A Director of the Canada Company. Opened for settlement in 1830. Until 1843 the townships were one.
  • Ellice Township. Area 54,520 acres (85 sq mi; 221 km2). Opened in 1830 and named in honour of Rt. Hon. Edward Ellice, a Canadian-born director of the Canada Company. His father was managing director of the Hudson's Bay Company.
  • Elma Township, Area 67,413 acres (105 sq mi; 273 km2). Opened in 1849; although the first settlers, Samuel Boyd and George Code, came from the east, Lanark County, in 1848. Named in honour of Lady Elma Bruce, daughter of the eighth Earl of Elgin, Governor-general of Canada.
  • Fullarton Township. Area 40,198 acres (63 sq mi; 163 km2). Opened in 1830 and named from John Fullarton, Director of the Canada Company.
  • Hibbert Township. Area 41,421 acres (65 sq mi; 168 km2). Opened in 1830 and named in honour of William T. Hibbert, Director of the Canada Company. First settler was Thomas Fox who received 200 acres (0.8 km2) of land from the Company on the condition he open an inn for travelers on the Huron Road.
  • Logan Township. Area 53,748 acres (84 sq mi; 218 km2). Opened for settlement in 1830. Named in honour of Hart Logan, Director of the Canada Company and uncle of Sir William E. Logan, the founder of the Canadian Geological Survey.
  • Mornington Township Area 50,087 acres (78 sq mi; 203 km2). Opened for settlement in 1845 and surveyed in 1850. Named in honour of the second Earl of Mornington, eldest brother of the Duke of Wellington.
  • Wallace Township. Area 50,508 acres (79 sq mi; 204 km2). Opened for settlement in 1849 and named in honour of Thomas, Baron Wallace, Vice-president of the British Board of Trade under Lord Goderich in 1820.
  • City of Stratford. In Downie, Ellice and Easthope Township. In 1831 William Sergeant was given a lot by the Canada Company on the condition that he open an inn. In 1832 he erected the first frame building in the region by the Avon River and called it the "Shakespeare Hotel." First purchaser of land was John Sharman (1834), a blacksmith from Bedfordshire, England. His son, Henry, was the first child born within the limits of the city.

Over time, another four additional towns were incorporated as urban municipalities: St. Marys, Mitchell, Listowel and Milverton. On January 1, 1998, the county was restructured by reducing fourteen municipalities to four. Only the City of Stratford and the Town of St. Marys were unaffected.[3]


Historic population:

  • Population in 2011: 37,571 (5-year growth rate: 1.0%)
  • Population in 2006: 37,212 (5-year growth rate: -1.0%)
  • Population in 2001: 37,602 (5-year growth rate: 1.5%)
  • Population in 1996: 37,147

Figures below are for the Perth census division, which combines Perth County, the City of Stratford and the Town of St. Marys.



  • SNAP Perth
  • The Beacon Herald
  • The Stratford Gazette
  • The St. Marys Journal Argus
  • The Listowel Banner


See also


  1. ^ a b c "Perth County census profile".  
  2. ^ Jesse Edgar Middletwon & Fred Landon, Province of Ontario—A History 1615 to 1927, 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto
  3. ^ a b "About Perth County". County of Perth. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  4. ^ "2006 Community Profiles".  
  5. ^ "2001 Community Profiles".  

External links

  • County of Perth website
  • History of Perth County
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.