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Phoenix Throne

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Title: Phoenix Throne  
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Subject: Throne, Peacock Throne, Chrysanthemum Throne, Enthronement, Throne of England, Naderi Throne, The Phoenix Throne, Dragon Throne, Irworobongdo
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Phoenix Throne

This article is about the royal seat of the kings of Korea; for the music album go to The Phoenix Throne.

The Phoenix Throne (eojwa) is the English term used to identify the throne of the hereditary monarchs of Korea. In an abstract sense, the Phoenix Throne also refers rhetorically to the head of state of the Joseon dynasty (1392–1897) and the Empire of Korea (1897–1910).

The Phoenix motif [1] symbolizs the king's supreme authority.[2] The phoenix has a long association with Korean royalty — for example, in Goguryeo tomb murals like that of the Middle Gangseo Tumulus where the painted image of a phoenix is featured.[3]


Enthronement ceremonies and the throne itself has evolved across the span of Korean history. For example, from 1399–1549, seven of twelve kings were enthroned in the royal throne hall (Geunjeong-jeon) at Gyeongbokgung Palace. In other words, Jeongjong, Sejong, Danjong, Sejo, Seongjong, Jungjong, and Myeongjong ascended the Phoenix Throne in the same royal location.[4]

Rhetorical usage

This flexible English term is also a rhetorical trope. Depending on context, the Phoenix Throne can be construed as a metonymy, which is a rhetorical device for an allusion relying on proximity or correspondence, as for example referring to actions of the monarch or as "actions of the Phoenix Throne."

The Phoenix Throne is also understood as a synecdoche, which is related to metonymy and metaphor in suggesting a play on words by identifying a closely related conceptualization, e.g.,

  • referring to the whole with the name of a part, such as "Phoenix Throne" for the serial symbols and ceremonies of enthronement
  • referring to the general with the specific, such as "Phoenix Throne" for kingship -- as in:
  • "... T'aejo mounted the phoenix throne in Kaesǒng as the first ruler of Chosǒn."[7]

See also



  • Henthorn, William E. (1971). A History of Korea. New York: Free Press. OCLC 186869329
  • Korean Ministry of Culture and Information . (1978). A Handbook of Korea. Seoul: Korean Overseas Information Service, OCLC 6719067

External links

  • Gyeongbok Palace
  • National Palace Museum of Korea
  • Royal Palace
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