World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Political assassinations in post-apartheid South Africa

Article Id: WHEBN0036519330
Reproduction Date:

Title: Political assassinations in post-apartheid South Africa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Politics of South Africa, Political repression in post-apartheid South Africa, Elections in South Africa, Human rights in South Africa, Protests in South Africa
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Political assassinations in post-apartheid South Africa

There have been a number of political assassinations in post-apartheid South Africa.[1][2] Many have been ascribed to battles around patronage within the ruling [7][8] However not all assassinations are a result of conflict within the ruling party. The National Freedom Party led by Zanele Magwaza-Msibi, with its base largely in KwaZulu-Natal, claims that 21 of its members have been killed since the party was founded in early 2011.[9] The Inkatha Freedom Party claims that ten of its elected representatives have been murdered.[10] According to the Daily Maverick there have been "59 political murders in the last five years".[11]

According to Raymond Suttner "assassinations have become a regularised way of deciding on leadership and access to wealth within the ANC and its allies".[12]

Location of assassinations

It has been argued that the situation is particularly bad in the provinces of [7][13][14][15] KwaZulu-Natal has been described as the "epicenter of political violence"[16] while Mpumalanga has been described as "notorious for political assassinations"[17] Fourteen assassinations have been documented in Mpumalanga[18] and 450 in KwaZulu-Natal.[19] It has been reported that "Since the beginning of 2011, the murder of people with high political profiles has been confined almost exclusively to KwaZulu-Natal, with 27 in the province since February 2011.[18] According to the ANC 38 of its members have been assassinated in KwaZulu-Natal since the beginning of 2011.[20] It has been suggested that support for murders in the taxi industry in KwaZulu-Natal by leading figures in the ruling party legitimated the use of violence in the democratic era which then spilled over into the political sphere.[20][21][22]

Conviction rates and a possible 'licence to kill'

There has been one conviction in response to the fourteen assassinations in Mpumalanga and four in KwaZulu-Natal for the forty two assassinations leading one researcher to conclude that some people are starting to believe there may be a "general licence for political killings" but that "this may only be available to people in certain political positions".[18]

List of politicians assassinated in post-Apartheid South Africa

  • Thomas Shabalala, IFP MP (and former warlord), Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 2005[23]
  • Thandi Mtsweni, Deputy Mayor, Secunda, Mpumalanga, 2007[24]
  • Rajah Naidoo, Independent councillor, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 2007[25]
  • Moss Phakoe, ANC councillor, [7][26]
  • Caswell Maluleke, ANC Mayor Bushbuckridge, Mpumalanga, 2000[3]
  • Jimmy Mtolo, local ANC leader, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 2009[27]
  • Sthembiso Cele, chairperson of the ANC Youth League in Umgababa, KwaZulu-Natal, 2009[28]
  • Bongani Ngcobo, ANC leader, Nongoma, KwaZulu-Natal, 2009[29]
  • Jabulani Khumalo, ANC leader, Nongoma, KwaZulu-Natal, 2009[28]
  • Jimmy Mohlala, ANC leader, Mbombela, Mpumalanga, 2010[3]
  • James Nkambule, senior ANC politician, Mpumalanga, 2010[30]
  • Sammy Mpatlanyane, senior ANC politician, Mpumalanga, 2010[10]
  • John Ndlovu, ANC politician, Thulamasha, Mpumalanga, 2011[31]
  • S'bu Sibiya, ANC regional secretary, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 2011[32]
  • Wiseman Mshibe, ANC councillor, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 2011[32]
  • Wandile Mkhize, ANC chief whip, South Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, 2012[1][33]
  • Nhlakanipho Shabane, ANC member, South Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, 2012[30]
  • Dumisani Malunga, ANC member, South Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, 2012[34]
  • Bheki Chiliza, ANC member, South Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, 2012[35]
  • Mthembeni Shezi, ANC Councillor, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal 2012[36]
  • David Mosiane Chika, ANC Leader, North West 2012[37]
  • S'bu Majola, ANC branch chairperson, Wembezi, Estcourt, KwaZulu-Natal, 2013[38]
  • Makhosonke Msibi, ANC Councillor, Nongoma, KwaZulu-Natal, 2013[39]
  • Siphumelelo Buthelezi, NFP Councillor, Ulundi, 3 November 2013[40]
  • Buyisile Mkavu, ANC Councillor, KwaLanga, Uitenhage, 4 August 2014 [41]
  • Charles Thembisile Kanku, ANC ward councillor, Cape Town, 20 October 2014[42]

List of other political assassinations in post-Apartheid South Africa

  • Sinethemba Myeni, 12 April 2006, Umlazi, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal (former SACP member supporting independent candidate in local government elections)[43]
  • Mazwi 'Komi' Zulu, 3 May 2006, Umlazi, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal (former SACP member supporting independent candidate in local government elections)[43]
  • Scorpion Dimane, anti-mining activist, Mbizana, 2008[44]
  • Mbongeleni Zondi, traditional leader with close ties to Jacob Zuma and the ANC, Durban, 2009
  • Mthunzi Nkonki, MV veteran, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, 2010[45]
  • Bomber 'Radioman' Ntshangase, SACP leader, Mpumalanga, 2012[30][46]
  • Kevin Kunene, environmental rights activist, KwaMbonambi, 2012[47]
  • Dalivuyo Bongo, National Union of Mineworkers, Rustenburg, North West, 2012[48]
  • Thembinkosi Qumbelo, Local activist and ANC leader, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 2013[49]
  • Two unnamed members of Abahlali baseMjondolo, KwaNdengezi, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 2013[50]
  • Steve Khululekile, [51]
  • Nkululeko Gwala, Abahlali baseMjondolo activist, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 2013[11][52][53]
  • Sthembiso Biyela & Buyisile Malusi, (Biyela was reported to have left the IFP to join the ANC) Durban, 2014[54]
  • Njabulo Ndebele, Sibonelo “John-John” Ntuli and Ntobeko Maphumulo, NUMSA leaders, Isithebe, KwaZulu-Natal, August 2014[55]
  • Thuli Ndlovu, Abahlali baseMjondolo leader, KwaNdengezi, Durban, 2014[56]
  • Charles Khanku, SANCO leader, Cape Town[57]
  • Mobeni Khwela, Local ANC activist, KwaNdengezi, Durban, 2014[58]
  • Mbuyiselo Phajana Mnguni, Free State regional chairperson of the Chemical, Energy, Paper, Printing, Wood and Allied Workers Union[59]

List of assassinations of government officials in post-Apartheid South Africa

  • Noby Ngombane, Head of the Free State government's policy monitoring and evaluation unit, Bloemfontein, Free State, 2005[30]
  • Sammy Mpatlanyane, spokesman for the Mpumalanga department of culture, sport and recreation, Nelspruit, 2010[60]
  • Oupa Matlaba, City Power, Johannesburg, 2011[61]
  • Andile Matshaya, Internal Auditor, Department of Transport, Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal, 2012[62]
  • Lawrence Moepi, Forensic Auditor at a private firm contracted to the Public Protector's Office, Johannesburg, 2013[63]
  • Moses Tshake, Head Auditor, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Free State, 2013[64]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b ANC: A party under violent, criminal siege, Paul Trewhela, Mail & Guardian, 4 August 2012
  2. ^ Quintal, Genevieve (29 July 2012). Political Murders – It's About the Dough, SAPA,
  3. ^ a b c The ANC's provincial criminal enterprises problem, by Sipho Hlongwane, The Daily Maverick, 23 July 2012
  4. ^ Power, money and the ANC: There will be blood, Mandy de Waal, The Daily Maverick, 23 January 2012
  5. ^ Why Are Political Killings Increasing in South Africa?, James Bullock, Think Africa Press, 21 October 2013
  6. ^ Murder takes party infighting to new level, Setumo Stone, Business Day, 20 July 2012
  7. ^ a b c A Culture of Political Assassination, Jane Duncan, SACSIS, 2010
  8. ^ Murder, Lies and Corruption: Mbombela and the Bequeathal of the ANC's 'Family' War, Dale T. McKinely, 9 September 2011
  9. ^ Another NFP member killed, SAPA, IOL, 18 July 2012
  10. ^ a b Quintal, Genevieve (29 July 2012). Political Murders – It's About the Dough, SAPA
  11. ^ a b KZN: Anatomy of an assassination, Niki Moore, Daily Maverick, 31 July 2013
  12. ^ Government and tripartite alliance ‘no pitch’ at Marikana memorial, 18 August 2013
  13. ^ Hlongwane, Sipho (23 July 2012). The ANC's provincial criminal enterprises problem, The Daily Maverick
  14. ^ Analysis: Meanwhile, on the killing fields of KZN, Mandy de Waal, Daily Maverick, 15 November 2012
  15. ^ Can the ANC rein in grass-roots coercion?, David Bruce, Mail & Guardian, 20 September 2013
  16. ^ SA cannot flourish in violent culture, by Imraan Buccus, The Mercury, 5 April 2013
  17. ^ Two suspects released in Mpumalanga political assassination case, Sizwe Sama Yende, City Press, 2011
  18. ^ a b c Bruce, David (7 October 2012)
  19. ^ A Provincial Concern? Political Killings in South Africa, David Bruce, SA Crime Quarterly 2013
  20. ^ a b Wheels of justice turn slowly as political killings escalate, David Bruce, Mail & Guardian, 26 October 2012
  21. ^ Sanctioned taxi violence poisons KwaZulu-Natal, Niren Tolsi, Mail & Guardian, 19 October 2012
  22. ^ Political killings in South Africa: The ultimate intimidation, David Bruce, Institute for Security Studies, 2014
  23. ^ Life and times of a tyrant, Paddy Harper, Sunday Times, 2005
  24. ^ Quintal, Genevieve (29 July 2012). South Africa: Timeline of Reported Political Killings From 2007–2012, All Africa
  25. ^ Slain councillor was surrounded by dispute, Karishma Ganpath,, IOL, 2007
  26. ^ Moss Phakoe’s spirit must galvanise us, Zwelinzima Vavi, City Press', 22 July 2012
  27. ^ Cops hunt for killer of Sanco man, Canaan Mdletshe, Sowetan, 2009
  28. ^ a b Timeline of Reported Political Killings From 2007–2012, Quintal, Genevieve SAPA, 29 July 2012
  29. ^ Quintal, Genevieve (29 July 2012). Timeline of Reported Political Killings From 2007–2012, SAPA
  30. ^ a b c d Murders rock ANC, Paddy Harper, Mmanaledi Mataboge and Sizwe sama Yende, City Press, 29 July 2012
  31. ^ "Two suspects released in Mpumalanga political assassination case", Sizwe Sama Yende, City Press, 2011
  32. ^ a b Three arrested for the murder of eThekwini councillor, City Press, 2011
  33. ^ Darkness visible in JZ's kingdom by the sea, Niren Tolsi, Mail & Guardian, 20 July 2012
  34. ^ More ANC leaders gunned down in KZN, SABC, 10 September 2012
  35. ^ More ANC leaders gunned down in KZN, SABC, 10 September 2012]
  36. ^ Mthembeni Shezi dies of his wounds, ANC KZN, 27 September 2012
  37. ^ Murder before Mangaung, by Xolani Mbanjwa, City Press, 16 December 2012
  38. ^ Wembezi mob barricades road after ‘political’ killing, Daily News, 12 March 2013
  39. ^ ANC councillor shot dead in KZN, SAPA, 12 August 2013
  40. ^ NFP leader shot and killed in Ulundi BY NCE MKHIZE, Business Day, NOVEMBER 05 2013
  41. ^ Murdered councillor a ‘hero’, Lubabalo Ngcukana, City Press, 10 August 2014
  42. ^ TWEET OF THE WEEK: A culture of political violence and death BY GARETH VAN ONSELEN, Business Day 05 DECEMBER 2014
  43. ^ a b Umlazi Political Violence, Press Statement, 2006
  44. ^ 'We Don't Want Your Development', Jacques de Wet, in Rural Resistance in South Africa, Thembele Kepe & Lungisile Ntsebeza (Eds), UCT Press, 2012
  45. ^ A Culture of Political Assassination, Jane Duncan, SACSIS, 2010
  46. ^ Is the SACP still relevant?, Jeremy Cronin, The Times, 31 July 2012
  47. ^ Amnesty International South Africa Report, 2013
  48. ^ NUM branch secretary shot dead at Westplats mine, SABC, 6 October 2012
  49. ^ Cato Crest community leader gunned down, By NKULULEKO NENE, Daily News, 18 March 2013
  50. ^ Murder in KwaNdengezi, Abahlali baseMjondolo Press Statement, 2013
  51. ^ Another Marikana murder, NIVASHNI NAIR, The Times, 13 May 2013
  52. ^ KZN protest leader shot 12 times, Nkululeko Nene, Daily News, 27 June 2013
  53. ^ Africa: Killed for crying foul, by Andrew England, Financial Times, 26 August 2013
  54. ^ Political intolerance behind KZN murders, Sihle Mahanda, The Mercury, 1 April 2014
  55. ^ Numsa condemns killing of its three shopstewards in Kwazulu – Natal
  56. ^ Another Abahlali baseMjondolo member assassinated, Daneel Knoetze, GroundUp, 1 October 2014
  57. ^ Lili ‘hit’ exposes ANC cracks, Warda Mayer, Cape Argus, 2014
  58. ^ Ziyanda izigameko zokubulawa kwabantu kwaNdengeziKZN Eyethu, 2014
  59. ^ TWEET OF THE WEEK: A culture of political violence and death BY GARETH VAN ONSELEN, Business Day 05 DECEMBER 2014
  60. ^ Quintal, Genevieve South Africa: Timeline of Reported Political Killings From 2007–2012, All Africa, 29 July 2012
  61. ^ Death of City Power procurement specialist silences staff members, CHARLES MOLELE, Mail & Guardian, 8 February 2013
  62. ^ Freedom is a killer, Njabulu S. Ndebele, City Press, 29 July 2012
  63. ^ Moepi's killing a hit:Cosatu, The Times, 21 October 2013
  64. ^ Who Killed Moses Tshake?, GroundUp, Mandy de Waal and Jon Pienaar, 1 April 2014
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.