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Power pop

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Title: Power pop  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Paul Collins (musician), Pop punk, The Click Five, Indie pop, Flamin' Groovies
Collection: 1970S in Music, 1980S in Music, 2000S in Music, American Styles of Music, British Styles of Music, Power Pop
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Power pop

Power pop is a popular musical genre that draws its inspiration from 1960s British and American rock music. It typically incorporates a combination of musical devices such as strong melodies, clear vocals and crisp vocal harmonies, economical arrangements and prominent guitar riffs. Instrumental solos are usually kept to a minimum, and blues elements are largely downplayed.

In the 1980s and 1990s, power pop continued as a commercially modest genre but by the mid-1990s through the 2000s, power pop was mainly in the underground.

While its cultural impact has waxed and waned over the decades, power pop is among rock's most enduring subgenres.[1]


  • Characteristics 1
  • Formative years: mid-1960s through the early 1970s 2
  • Commercial peak: late 1970s to early 1980s 3
    • United Kingdom 3.1
  • Contemporary power pop: 1980s and onward 4
  • Festival bills 5
  • Books and internet resources 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Power pop has been described as mixture of hard rock and melodic pop music, thus Power pop tends to be more aggressive than pop rock.[2] Author John M. Borack has stated in his book that the genre has often been applied to varied groups and artists with "blissful indifference" noting incorrect labeling of the genre to Britney Spears, Green Day, the Bay City Rollers and Def Leppard.[3]

Formative years: mid-1960s through the early 1970s

The origins of Power pop date back to the early-to-mid 1960's with the:

sweet melodicism of the Beatles and the Beach Boys, with the ringing guitars of the Byrds thrown in for good measure.[4]

The Beatles catchy guitar riffs and distinctive harmony singing in particular were a strong influence on later bands that would shape and refine the Power pop sound. The above bands created the model that was the foundation for the 'power poppers' of the next couple of decades. However it was the bands the Who, the Kinks and the Move whose aggressive melodies and loud distorted guitars put the "power" in power pop.

It was Pete Townshend, of the Who, that coined the term "power pop" in a 1967 interview in which he said: "Power pop is what we play—what the Small Faces used to play, and the kind of pop the Beach Boys played in the days of 'Fun, Fun, Fun' which I preferred."[5] Indeed the Small Faces are often cited as being among the progenitors of power pop.[6]

Influential British rock band the Kinks in 1965

The Who, inspired by the melodicism of the Beatles and the driving rhythms of American R&B, released several songs—"I Can't Explain", "The Kids Are Alright", "Substitute", "I'm a Boy" and "Happy Jack"—in their early mod phase (1965–1966) that can be considered the first true power pop songs, due in no small part to them being propelled by Keith Moon's aggressive drumming and Pete Townshend's distinctive power chords.

The Who's role in the creation of power pop has been cited by singer-songwriter Eric Carmen of the Raspberries, who has said:

Pete Townshend coined the phrase to define what the Who did. For some reason, it didn't stick to the Who, but it did stick to these groups that came out in the '70s that played kind of melodic songs with crunchy guitars and some wild drumming. It just kind of stuck to us like glue, and that was okay with us because the Who were among our highest role models. We absolutely loved the Who.[7]

Several other groups of the 1960s were important in the evolution and expansion of the power pop style, such as the Hollies and the Monkees, as well as "softer" acts such as the Beau Brummels, the Cowsills and the Zombies. Other acts such as the Knickerbockers, the Easybeats and the Outsiders contributed iconic singles. Writer John Borack has noted, "It's also quite easy to draw a not-so-crooked line from garage rock to power pop."[8]

Alex Chilton, of Big Star, seen in 2004

By 1970 the distinctive stylistic elements of power pop were clearly evident in recordings by the British group Badfinger, with singles such as "No Matter What", "Baby Blue" and "Day After Day" serving as templates for the power pop sound that would follow.[8]

Although the formative influences on the genre were primarily British, the bands that developed and codified power pop in the 1970s were nearly all American. The Raspberries' 1972 hit single "Go All The Way" is an almost perfect embodiment of the elements of power pop and that group's four albums can be considered strongly representative of the genre. In addition to his late 1960s band, Nazz, some of Todd Rundgren's early 1970s solo work touched on power pop, as did the recordings of Blue Ash, the Flamin' Groovies, Artful Dodger and the Dwight Twilley Band. The most influential group of the period may have been Big Star. Though Big Star's initial early 1970s career met with no commercial success, they developed an avid cult following and members of later bands like R.E.M. and the Replacements spoke enthusiastically of their esteem for the group's work. The Replacements even recorded a song entitled "Alex Chilton" in honor of Big Star's frontman.

Commercial peak: late 1970s to early 1980s

Cheap Trick playing in 1978

Spurred on by the emergence of punk rock and new wave, power pop enjoyed a prolific and commercially successful period in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

Although coined in the 1960s, and used as early as 1973 in reference to Sweet,[9] the term "power pop" was not widely used until around 1978. As the novelist Michael Chabon has written, "Power pop in its essential form... did not come into existence for a number of years after it was first identified. Like so much of the greatest work turned out by popular artists of the 1970s, true power pop is quintessential second-generation stuff."[10] The term was often used in reference to critics' favorites Elvis Costello and Nick Lowe, whose style was viewed as a less-threatening version of punk rock.[11][12] Los Angeles-based Bomp! magazine championed power pop in its March 1978 issue, tying the genre's roots to 1960s groups like the Who and the Easybeats through Raspberries of the early 1970s.[13]

Like their punk brethren, late–1970s power pop groups favored a leaner and punchier sound than their early–1970s predecessors. Some occasionally incorporated synthesizers into their music, though not to the same degree as did their new wave counterparts. Representative singles from the period include releases from the Bomp! Records label by 20/20 ("Giving It All"), Shoes ("Tomorrow Night") and the Romantics ("Tell It to Carrie"). Major label groups like Cheap Trick, the Cars and Blondie merged power pop influences with other styles and achieved their first mainstream success with albums released in 1978. Cheap Trick's 1979 album Cheap Trick at Budokan went triple platinum in the United States,[14] and singles such as "Surrender" and "I Want You To Want Me" brought power pop to an international audience.

Doug Fieger of the Knack performing

Visually taking their cue from 1960s British Invasion groups, some power pop bands decked themselves out in skinny ties and matching suits. Other groups such as the Romantics adopted matching red leather outfits reminiscent of 1950s rock n roll stars such as Little Richard. Some bands such as the Beat adapted the look of punk rocker contemporaries such as the Ramones and the Sex Pistols.

The biggest chart hit by a pure power pop band was the Knack's debut single, "My Sharona", which topped the Billboard Hot 100 chart for six weeks in the summer of 1979. The accompanying platinum-selling album, Get the Knack, paved the way for major label debuts by bands such as the Beat. However, "My Sharona"'s ubiquitous radio presence that summer spawned a popular and critical backlash against the band, which in turn led to a backlash against the power pop genre in general. Few of the power pop albums which followed Get the Knack charted at all, and those that did attained only middling positions on the Billboard 200. The Romantics had a minor hit with "What I Like About You" in early 1980, but, by then, power pop was seen as a passing fad by many critics.[15] Most of this crop of bands continued to release albums throughout the early 1980s, but with the exception of the Romantics' In Heat (1983), none garnered much attention. Other groups such as the Plimsouls, the Smithereens and the dB's found a home on college radio, where power pop would endure for the remainder of the decade.

United Kingdom

Nick Lowe playing in 1980

The term "power pop" as used in the United Kingdom referred to a somewhat different style of music than it did in the United States. The Evening Standard used the term in January 1978 while writing about the Rich Kids and Tonight.[16]

Additionally, the American new wave group Blondie was often labelled as "power pop" by the UK press. The band's songs "One Way or Another" and "11:59" from Parallel Lines clearly demonstrated Blondie's power pop side. The most notable Australian power pop band of the period was probably the Innocents; rock historian Glenn A Baker claimed they were "the greatest power pop band since the demise of Raspberries".[17]

Having influenced the development of power pop from the beginning, British rock group the Kinks made several well-received songs in the style in their 1984 album Word of Mouth, such as "Do It Again".[18]

Contemporary power pop: 1980s and onward

In the 1980s and 1990s, power pop continued as a commercially modest genre with artists such as the Spongetones.[8]

In the mid-1990s through the 2000s, power pop flourished in the underground with acts such as Sloan. Independent record labels such as Not Lame Recordings, Parasol, Kool Kat Musik and Jam Recordings specialized in the genre. The sound made a mainstream appearance in 1994 with Weezer's commercially successful "blue album" (produced by Ric Ocasek of the Cars)[19] and hit single "Buddy Holly".[20] In the late 1990s, several Scandinavian power pop groups such as the Cardigans, Merrymakers and Wannadies enjoyed a modicum of critical favor.

Power pop traits are also currently displayed by North American bands/artists such as Mod Fun, Gin Blossoms, Fountains of Wayne, Brendan Benson, the Posies, the New Pornographers, Guided By Voices, Semisonic, The All-American Rejects, Jimmy Eat World, the Click Five, the Dandy Warhols, Sloan, Wheatus, the Brother Kite, the Apples in Stereo, Cotton Mather, Fastball, and Lannie Flowers. The influence of power pop is also apparent in contemporary British groups such as Silver Sun, Snow Patrol, the Futureheads, Maxïmo Park, and Farrah. Acts such as the Jonas Brothers have also sometimes been referred to as "power pop."[21][22][23][24]

The Click Five interviewed in April 2006

Festival bills

Los Angeles, the festival has expanded to several locations over the years including Chicago, New York, Boston, Cleveland, San Francisco, Vancouver, Toronto and Liverpool, England (the latter event included performances at the re-created Cavern Club). Paul Collins of the Beat and the Nerves hosts the annual Power Pop-A-Licious music festival, which features a mixture of classic and rising bands with an emphasis on power pop, punk rock, garage and roots rock. The yearly festival is held in Asbury Park, New Jersey. Paul Collins and his group the Beat headline the two-day event.

Books and internet resources

Fountains of Wayne playing acoustic in July 2009

Ken Sharp and Doug Sulpy released Power Pop: Conversations with the Power Pop Elite in 1997. The book contained interviews with power pop artists from throughout the genre's history. Sharp has also written books on Raspberries and Cheap Trick.[25] In 2007, John Borack published Shake Some Action: The Ultimate Power Pop Guide in association with power pop label-retailer Not Lame Recordings. The book contained essays by several writers including Borack, a list of 200 "essential albums" and an accompanying CD.

The popular blog PowerPop includes daily entries on "the precursors, the practioners [sic] and the descendants of power pop".[26]

See also


  1. ^ Liner notes to The Roots of Powerpop! and the Poptopia! series of CDs.
  2. ^ Borack, John M. (2007). Shake Some Action: The Ultimate Power Pop Guide.  
  3. ^ Borack, John M. (2007). Shake Some Action: The Ultimate Power Pop Guide.  
  4. ^ "Power Pop : Significant Albums, Artists and Songs, Most Viewed".  
  5. ^ Altham, Keith. "Lily Isn't Pornographic, Say Who".  
  6. ^ Dodd, Philip (2005). The Book of Rock: From the 1950s to Today (Paperback ed.). Thunder's Mouth Press. pp. 36, 109.  
  7. ^ Dan MacIntosh (4 September 2007). "With Raspberries reunion, Eric Carmen's no longer all by himself". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c Borack, John M.; Brodeen, Bruce (4 August 2010). 25 1960's era Garage Rock Nuggets" by John M. Borack""". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  9. ^ Taylor, Barry. "Riffs" The Village Voice July 19, 1973: 56
  10. ^ Chabon, Michael. "Tragic Magic: Reflections on Power Pop". Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Hilburn, Robert. "Costello, Lowe: The Power in Pop" Los Angeles Times April 23, 1978: M72
  12. ^ Cocks, Jay (1978-06-26). June 26, 1978"TimeBringing Power to the People" "". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  13. ^ "Bomp! History". Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  14. ^ "Cheap Trick – At Budokan (album)". Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  15. ^ Rockwell, John "Disco vs. Rock and Industry Ills Made the Year Dramatic" The New York Times December 30, 1979: D20
  16. ^ Strothard, Russ (17 January 1978). "Abba's next album rings up £1m sales". Evening Standard. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  17. ^ "Here We Come liner notes" (Press release). Raven Records. 1984. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  18. ^ Callaway, Chris (17 March 2010). "Working out the kinks: For Ray Davies, the music goes on". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  19. ^ Prato, Greg. "Ric Ocasek - Biography".  
  20. ^ Tartanella, Emily (30 June 2009). "The Over/Under: Weezer". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  21. ^ Adams, Sam (24 July 2009). "Jonas Brothers: Power-pop, oversung".  
  22. ^ "Nick Jonas Recording Solo Album, Jonas Brothers Deny Breakup".  
  23. ^ Edwards, Mark (1 February 2009). "Power-pop: Encyclopedia of Modern Music".  
  24. ^ Rodman, Sarah (15 August 2008). "Jonas Brothers bring power pop".  
  25. ^ Orbezua, Iñaki. "A Conversation with Ken Sharp". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  26. ^ "Home Page". Retrieved 9 July 2012. 

External links

  • Article about power pop from Rolling Stone, 1979
  • Power pop at AllMusic
  • AV Club's beginner's guide to power pop, 1972-1986
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