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Primary and secondary groups

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Title: Primary and secondary groups  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Social group, Index of sociology articles, Primary group, Peer group, Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory
Collection: Social Groups, Sociological Terminology
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Primary and secondary groups

The distinction between Primary and Secondary groups serves to identify between two orders of social organization through analysis of the group relationships and their nature.


  • Primary groups 1
  • Secondary groups 2
  • See also 3
  • Sources and external links 4
  • References 5

Primary groups

A primary group is typically a small

  1. ^ Andersen, Margaret L. and Taylor, Howard F. (2010) Sociology: The Essentials, p.129, Cengage Learning, ISBN 0495812234


  • Appelbaum, R. P., Carr, D., Duneir, M., Giddens, A., 2009, "Conformity, Deviance, and Crime." Introduction to Sociology, New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., p 137.
  • McGraw Hill online Sociology Glossary

Sources and external links

See also

People in a secondary group interact on a less personal level than in a primary group, and their relationships are temporary rather than long lasting. Since secondary groups are established to perform functions, people’s roles are more interchangeable. A secondary group is one you have chosen to be a part of. They are based on interests and activities. They are where many people can meet close friends or people they would just call acquaintances. Secondary groups are groups in which one exchanges explicit commodities, such as labour for wages, services for payments, etc. Examples of these would be employment, vendor-to-client relationships, etc.

Secondary groups

. A primary group is a group in which one exchanges implicit items, such as love, caring, concern, animosity, support, etc. Examples, of these would be family groups, love relationships, crisis support groups, church groups, etc. Relationships formed in primary groups are often long-lasting and goals in themselves. They also are often psychologically comforting to the individuals involved and provide a source of support. personal identity Primary groups play an important role in the development of [1]

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