World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Prime Minister of Somalia

 

Prime Minister of Somalia

Prime Minister of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Ra'iisul wasaaraha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed
Incumbent
Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke

since 24 December 2014
Style His Excellency
Appointer Hassan Sheikh Mohamud,
as President of Somalia
Inaugural holder Abdullahi Issa Mohamud
Formation 29 February 1956
Deputy Deputy Prime Minister of Somalia
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Somalia

The Prime Minister of Somalia (Somali: Ra'iisul wasaaraha Soomaaliya) is the head of government of Somalia. There have been 18 official prime ministers since the office was created in 1956. The first Prime Minister was Abdullahi Issa Mohamud, who served prior to independence in the Trust Territory of Somaliland. The incumbent Prime Minister of the Federal Government of Somalia is Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke.

Contents

  • Prime Ministers of Somalia 1
    • Trust Territory of Somaliland 1.1
    • Somali Republic 1.2
    • Somali Democratic Republic 1.3
    • Somali Civil War 1.4
    • Transitional National Government 1.5
    • Transitional Federal Government 1.6
    • Federal Republic of Somalia 1.7
  • Footnotes 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Prime Ministers of Somalia

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Trust Territory of Somaliland

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
1 Abdullahi Issa Mohamud
(1921–1988)
29 February 1956 1 July 1960 4 years, 123 days Somali Youth League

Somali Republic

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
2 Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
1 July 1960 12 July 1960 11 days Somali Youth League
3 Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
(1919–1969)
12 July 1960 14 June 1964 3 years, 338 days Somali Youth League
4 Abdirizak Haji Hussein
(1924–2014)
14 June 1964 15 July 1967 3 years, 31 days Somali Youth League
(2) Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
15 July 1967 21 October 1969
(Deposed)
2 years, 98 days Somali Youth League

Somali Democratic Republic

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
5 Mohamed Farah Salad 1 November 1969 March 1970 5 months Military
Post Abolished (March 1970–1 February 1987)
6 Muhammad Ali Samatar
(1931–)
1 February 1987 3 September 1990 3 years, 214 days Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
7 Muhammad Hawadle Madar 3 September 1990 24 January 1991
(Deposed)
143 days Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party

Somali Civil War

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
8 Umar Arteh Ghalib
(1930–)[1]
24 January 1991 May 1993[1][2] 2 years United Somali Congress
Vacant (May 1993–8 October 2000)[1]

Transitional National Government

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
9 Ali Khalif Galaydh
(1941–)
8 October 2000 28 October 2001 1 year, 20 days Independent
Osman Jama Ali
(1941–)
28 October 2001 12 November 2001 15 days Independent
10 Hassan Abshir Farah
(1945–)
12 November 2001 8 December 2003 2 years, 26 days Independent
11 Muhammad Abdi Yusuf 8 December 2003 3 November 2004 331 days Independent

Transitional Federal Government

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
12 Ali Mohammed Ghedi
(1952–)
3 November 2004 29 October 2007 2 years, 360 days Independent
Salim Aliyow Ibrow 29 October 2007 24 November 2007 26 days Independent
13 Nur Hassan Hussein
(1938–)
24 November 2007 14 February 2009 1 year, 82 days Independent
14 Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
(1960–)
14 February 2009 21 September 2010 1 year, 219 days Independent
Abdiwahid Elmi Gonjeh 24 September 2010 31 October 2010 37 days Independent
15 Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
(1962–)
31 October 2010 19 June 2011 231 days Independent
16 Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
(1965–)
19 June 2011 20 August 2012 1 year, 62 days Independent

Federal Republic of Somalia

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
(16) Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
(1965–)
20 August 2012 17 October 2012 58 days Independent
17 Abdi Farah Shirdon
(1958–)
17 October 2012 21 December 2013 1 year, 65 days Independent
18 Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
(1959–)
21 December 2013 24 December 2014 1 year, 3 days Independent
(14) Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
(1960–)
24 December 2014 Incumbent 1 year, 202 days Independent

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c From November 1991 to 2000, there was no recognized central government. The southern part of the country was controlled by different faction leaders; notably General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, who claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 4 August 1996 to 20 March 1998. Decentralization took place in other areas, characterized by a return to customary and religious law in many places as well as the establishment of autonomous regional governments in the northern part of the country.
  2. ^ De facto remained in office to 3 January 1997

See also

References

  • World Statesmen - Somalia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.