World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Proletarian nation

Article Id: WHEBN0040628202
Reproduction Date:

Title: Proletarian nation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bourgeois nation, Fascism, Economics of fascism, Crypto-fascism, Fascism in Canada
Collection: Fascism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Proletarian nation

Proletarian nation was a term used by 20th century Italian nationalist intellectuals such as Enrico Corradini and later adopted by Italian Fascist leader Benito Mussolini to refer to Italy and other poorer countries that were subordinate to the western imperialist powers. These powers were described by Mussolini as "Plutocratic Nations" (nazioni plutocratiche). Corradini associated the proletariat with the economic function of production and believed that the "producers" should be at the forefront of a new, imperialist "proletarian nation".[1] Mussolini considered that the military struggles unfolding in Europe in the mid-20th century could have revolutionary consequences that could lead to an improvement in the position of Italy in comparison with the major imperialist powers such as Britain.

Nazism rejected the Marxist concept of internationalist class struggle, it identified "class struggle between nations", and sought to resolve internal class struggle in the nation while it identified Germany as a proletarian nation fighting against plutocratic nations.[2]


  • Origins 1
  • Use of the concept and development 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4


Two prominent concepts promoted by Corradini inspired fascism: Corradini's theory of "war as revolution" and his theory of "proletarian nationalism".[3] Though Corradini opposed revolutionary socialism in Italy for its anti-patriotism, anti-militarism, internationalism, and its advocacy of class conflict, he and other nationalists admired its revolutionary and conquering spirit and, in a 1910 meeting of the Italian Nationalist Association, declared support for proletarian nationalism, saying:

“We are the proletarian people in respect to the rest of the world. Nationalism is our socialism. This established, nationalism must be founded on the truth that Italy is morally and materially a proletarian nation.” Manifesto of the Italian Nationalist Association, December 1910.[3]

A similar conception was invoked in Germany during World War I by Johann Plenge, who advocated a "National Socialism" and described the war as being between a "proletarian" Germany versus a "capitalist" Britain.[4]

Use of the concept and development

The concept was used by Mussolini from before the second world war, until the end of his life. The term indicated not only the difference between fascism and capitalism but also between communism and fascism.

Taking again the nationalist doctrines before the Georges Sorel on the role of violence in the history and on the revolutionary trade unionism of action, and the mobilizing idea of what Mussolini called Italy “large proletarian” against the pluthocratic nations, was one of the initiative that developed the concept.

Nazi official and head of the German Labour Front, Robert Ley in 1940 described Germany as a "proletarian nation".[5] During their retirement of the Nazi Party, Gregor Strasser and his brother Otto Strasser identified Germany as "the first proletarian nation in the world" and declared that Germany would need to ally itself with "the other proletarian nations".[6]

See also


  1. ^ Paul Corner. The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press, 2012. Pp. 16.
  2. ^ David Nicholls. Adolf Hitler: a biographical companion. Santa Barbara, California, USA: ABC-CLIO, 2000. P. 245.
  3. ^ a b Talmon, Jacob Leib. The Myth of the Nation and the Vision of Revolution: The Origins of Ideological Polarization. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California, USA: University of California Press p. 484.
  4. ^ Kitchen, Martin, A History of Modern Germany, 1800-2000 (Malden, Massaschussetts, USA; Oxford, England, UK; Carlton, Victoria, Australia: Blackwell Publishing, Inc., 2006), p. 205.
  5. ^ Thomas Rohkrämer. A single communal faith?: the German Right from Conservatism to National Socialism. Berghahn Books, 2007. Pp. 246.
  6. ^ The Socialist Abandoned the NSDAP, Otto Strasser.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.