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Prunus brigantina

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Title: Prunus brigantina  
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Subject: Prunus, Apricot, Pluot, Plum
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Prunus brigantina

Prunus brigantina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Genus: Prunus
Species: P. brigantina
Binomial name
Prunus brigantina
Vill. 1786
  • Armeniaca brigantiaca (Vill.) Pers. 1806
  • Prunus brigantiaca Vill. 1789
  • Prunus chamaecerasus Jacq. 1786

Prunus brigantina, called Briançon apricot, marmot plum, and alpine apricot,[2] is a wild tree species native to France and Italy.[3][4] It is the only apricot-like Prunus species native to Europe.[5]

The fruit is similar to the commercial apricot Prunus armeniaca, and is edible. An edible oil produced from the seed, 'huile des marmottes', is used in France.[6]


Illustration by Pancrace Bessa, from Nouveau Duhamel, ou traité des arbres et arbustes que l'on cultive en France by Duhamel, 1812

Unlike the other closely related species known as apricots, the fruit is smooth rather than hairy.


Prunus brigantina is considered a member of the apricot group, along with P. armeniaca, P. mandshurica, P. mume, and P. sibirica,[5] but its genetic relationships to other Prunus species are not yet clear, as an initial molecular phylogeny found that various DNA sequences gave ambiguous indications, and it did not appear to belong in a clade with Prunus armeniaca.[5]


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Vill.Prunus brigantinaAltervista Flora Italiana, includes photos and European distribution map
  5. ^ a b c
  6. ^

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