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Pullman (car or coach)

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Title: Pullman (car or coach)  
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Subject: Hawkhurst Branch Line, Brown, Joseph Stalin Museum, Gori, British Rail Class 126, E type carriage
Collection: Buses by Type, Passenger Coaches, Types of Buses
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Pullman (car or coach)

Exterior view of a Pullman car
Former Brighton Belle Pullman carriage at London Victoria, now part of the Venice Simplon Orient Express fleet

In the United States, Pullman was used to refer to railroad George Pullman) from 1867 to December 31, 1968.

It also refers to railway dining cars in Europe that were operated by the Pullman Company, or lounge cars operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. Specifically, in Great Britain, Pullman refers to the lounge cars operated by the "British Pullman Car Company".

Additionally, in some Western European countries in the 1940s and 1950s, some especially luxurious motor coaches were sometimes referred to as Auto-Pullmans.

In 1963, the luxurious Mercedes-Benz 600 was introduced, with a range including a long wheelbase version called Pullman. Later, stretched versions of regular Mercedes-Benz S-Class cars were also called Pullman.

In Greek and Italian, the word "pullman" is used to refer to a coach bus. In Greek, it would be spelled as "πούλμαν".

In Latin America, pullman may refer to a luxury bus as well as to a railroad sleeping car.

In the video game Sid Meier's Railroads!, Players can bid on the "Pullman's Palace Car" patent. This patent makes "Passengers pay an extra 25% to bask in its comfort."

See also

  • Pullman loaf, a type of long, square bread developed to be baked in the small kitchens of rail cars
  • Pullman train (UK)
  • Starlight Express, a train musical in which two characters are modeled on a Pullman.
  • Clerestory, WorldHeritage article on Railway Coach roof design following the Pullman American influence.

References

  • Welsh, Joe; Bill Howes (2004). Travel by Pullman: a century of service. Saint Paul, MN: MBI.  
  • Barger, Ralph L. (1988). A Century of Pullman Cars, Volume I, Alphabetical List. Greenberg Publishing Company, Inc. 
  • Barger, Ralph L. (1990). A Century of Pullman Cars, Volume II, The Palace Cars. Greenberg Publishing Company, Inc. 

External links

  • The Pullman Project
  • St. HyacintheCanadian National Railways Sleeping Car No. 1683 — photographs and short history of a Sleeping Car built in 1929.
  • Chicago Historical Society's Pullman website
  • Sleeping in Comfort: Pullman Fundamentals
  • Pullman Prototypes - Pantagraph (Bloomington, IL newspaper)
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