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Quzhou dialect

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Quzhou dialect

Quzhou dialect
衢州話
Pronunciation
Native to People's Republic of China
Region Quzhou prefecture, Zhejiang province
Native speakers
approx. 2 million (date missing)
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog chuz1238[1]

Quzhou dialect (衢州話; pronounced in Quzhou dialect) is a dialect of Wu Chinese spoken in Quzhou.

Phonology

Initials

  Labial Dental Palatal Postalveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ  
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
aspirated  
slack voice ɡ̊  
Affricate voiceless ts
aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ tʃʰ  
slack voice d̥z̥ d̥ʑ̊ d̥ʒ̊  
Fricative voiceless f s ɕ ʃ x
slack voice ʑ̊ ʒ ɣ
Approximant l (j) 移 (w) 吳 ɦ

Rimes

There are at least the following rimes: 姆 [m], 魚 [ŋ], 爾 [ɫ], 試 [ʐ]

[ɥ], 去 [i], 布 [u], 雨 [y]

[ɑ], 謝 [iɑ], 瓜 [uɑ]

[e̞], 快 [ue̞]

[ɘɪ], 會 [uɘɪ]

[ɔ], 表 [iɔ]

[ɤ], 九 [iɯ]

[ə], 官 [uə], 捐 [yə]

[ie]

[æ], 慣 [uæ]

[ən], 金 [iɲ], 昏 [uən], 運 [yɲ]

[ã], 兩 [iã], 昌 [uã]

[ɒ̃], 旺 [iɒ̃], 光 [uɒ̃]

[oŋ], 窘 [ioŋ]

[əʔ], 业 [iɘʔ], 國 [uəʔ], 肉 [yəʔ]

[ənʔ], 衢 [ɥ]

[ɐ̞ʔ] -aq, 弱 [iɐ̞ʔ], 划 [uɐ̞ʔ]

Tones

Quzhou dialect is considered to have seven tones. However, since the tone split dating from Middle Chinese still depends on the voicing of the initial consonant, these constitute just three phonemic tones: ping, shang, and qu. (Ru syllables are phonemically toneless.)

Yin Ping 陰平 [˦] 江天飛空

Yang Ping 陽平 [˩˩˨] 來同魚頭

(Yin) Shang 陰上 [˧˦] 懂紙古口


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