World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article




A gathering of Raëlians in South Korea.
Formation 1974
Headquarters Geneva, Switzerland[1]
Founder Claude Vorilhon ("Raël")
Key people
  • Claude Vorilhon
  • Brigitte Boisselier
A series of articles on the

Raëlian Movement

Beliefs & practices
Cloning (Clonaid)

Views on:

Raëlism, also known as Raelianism or the Raëlian movement, is a UFO religion that was founded in 1974 by Claude Vorilhon, now known as Raël. An adherent of Raëlism is a Raëlian.

The Raëlian Movement teaches that [5] The founder of Raëlism, members claim, received the final message of the Elohim and that its purpose is to inform the world about Elohim and that if humans become aware and peaceful enough, they wish to be welcomed by them.

Japanese Raëlian character mascot.

The Raëlian Church has a quasi-clerical structure of seven levels. Joining the movement requires an official apostasy from other religions. Raelian ethics include striving for world peace, sharing, democracy and nonviolence.[6] Sexuality is also an important part of the Raëlian doctrine. The Raëlian Church has attracted some of its priests and bishops from other religions despite having liberal views of sexuality.[7]

Raël founded Clonaid (originally Valiant Venture Ltd Corporation) in 1997, but then handed it over to a Raëlian bishop, Brigitte Boisselier in 2000.[8] In 2002 the company claimed that an American woman underwent a standard cloning procedure that led to the birth of a daughter, Eve (b. 26 December 2002). Although few believe the claim, it nonetheless attracted national authorities and the mainstream media to look further into the Raëlians' cult status.

The Raëlians frequently use the swastika as a symbol of peace, which halted Raëlian requests for territory in Israel, and later Lebanon, for establishing an embassy for extraterrestrials. The religion also uses the swastika embedded on the Star of David.[9] Starting around 1991, this symbol was often replaced by a variant star and swirl symbol as a public relations move, particularly toward Israel.


  • History 1
  • Member hierarchy 2
    • Women-only groups 2.1
  • Rites and practices 3
    • Initiation 3.1
      • Ceremony 3.1.1
      • Ceremonial dates 3.1.2
    • Sensual Meditation 3.2
  • Other activities, outreach and advocacy 4
    • UFO exhibits 4.1
    • Seminars 4.2
    • Activism 4.3
    • Converts from other religions 4.4
    • Intentional controversy 4.5
  • Beliefs 5
    • Voluntarism 5.1
    • Human cloning 5.2
      • Clonaid 5.2.1
    • Ethics 5.3
      • LGBT issues 5.3.1
      • Sensuality and pleasure 5.3.2
      • Views on pedophilia 5.3.3
    • Structure of the Universe 5.4
    • Intelligent Design 5.5
      • Creation of life on Earth by extraterrestrials 5.5.1
      • Humanity's chance of creating life on other planets 5.5.2
    • A coming judgment 5.6
    • Embassy for Extraterrestrials 5.7
      • Proposed architecture and location 5.7.1
    • A form of meritocracy 5.8
      • Status 5.8.1
    • Religious symbol 5.9
  • Reception 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
    • Cited texts 8.1
  • External links 9


Membership estimates from various sources

The beginnings of Raëlism are rooted in the claims of a French former automobile journalist and race car driver Claude Vorilhon. In his books The Book Which Tells the Truth (1974) and Extraterrestrials Took Me to their Planet (1975), Vorilhon alleges that he had alien encounters with beings who gave him knowledge of the origins of all major religions.

The movement traces its beginnings to a conference in

  • The Raëlian books compared to Jean Sendy's. Testimonies by ex-Raelians.
  • Whittemore, Faye. "Religious Movements Homepage: Raelians".  
  • Raëlism Robert T. Carroll's skeptic dictionary entry
  • Rael : The Masonic Messiah?
  • Who Are the Raelians, and Why Are They Naked? by Brian Dunning
  • Web site of the Raëlian Movement
  • Official News and Views of the Raëlian Movement
  • aidClon – aidStem – aidClitor
Official sites

External links

  • ^ Alexander, Brian, Rapture: A Raucous Tour of Cloning, Transhumanism, and the New Era of Immortality Basic Books, 2005. ISBN 1-56025-695-8.
  • ^ Bates, Gary, Alien Intrusion: UFOs and the Evolution Connection New Leaf Press, 2005. ISBN 0-89051-435-6.
  • ^ Colavito, Jason, The cult of alien gods: H.P. Lovecraft and extraterrestrial pop culture. Prometheus, 2005. ISBN 978-1-59102-352-4. (Also see article on WorldHeritage)
  • ^ Edwards, Linda, A Brief Guide to Beliefs: Ideas, Theologies, Mysteries, and Movements. Westminster John Knox Press, 2001. ISBN 0-664-22259-5.
  • ^ Genta, Giancarlo, Lonely Minds in the Universe: The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. Springer, 2007. ISBN 978-0-387-33925-2.
  • ^ Lewis, James R., Controversial New Religions Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-19-515682-X.
  • ^ Lewis, James R., The Gods have landed: new religions from other worlds State University of New York Press, 1995. ISBN 0-7914-2329-8.
  • ^ Palmer, Susan J., Aliens Adored. Rutgers University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8135-3476-3.
  • ^ Palmer, Susan J., New Religious Movements and Religious Liberty in America, in Women in Controversial New Religions, ed. Derek H. Davis & Barry Hankins, p. 66. Baylor University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-918954-92-4
  • ^ Partridge, Christopher H. UFO Religions. Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0-415-26323-9.
  • ^ Raël, Intelligent Design. Nova Distribution, 2005. ISBN 978-2-940252-22-0
  • ^ Raël, Geniocracy. The Raelian Foundation, 2004.
  • ^ Raël, Maitreya. The Raelian Foundation, 2003.
  • ^ Raël, Sensual Meditation. Tagman Press, 2002.
  • ^ Raël, Yes to Human Cloning: Immortality Thanks to Science. Tagman Press, 2001. ISBN 1-903571-05-7; ISBN 1-903571-04-9.
  • ^ Shanks, Pete, Human genetic engineering:a guide for activists, skeptics, and the very perplexed Nation Books, 2005. ISBN 1-56025-695-8.
  • ^ Stock, Gregory, Redesigning Humans: Choosing our Genes, Changing our Future. Houghton Mifflin Books, 2002. ISBN 0-618-06026-X.
  • ^ Tandy, Charles, Doctor Tandy's First Guide to Life Extension and Transhumanity, 2001. ISBN 1-58112-650-6.
  • ^ United States Congress, Medical science and bioethics: attack of the clones? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, second session, 15 May 2002. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 2003. Government Documents. Y 4.G 74/7:B 52/7.

Cited texts

  1. ^ International Headquarters: Raelian Movement, Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  2. ^ Nickerson, Colin, CANADIAN CULT SAYS FIRST HUMAN CLONE IS NEAR BIRTH, Boston Globe. 20 December 2002. Retrieved 21 March 2011. (highlight)
  3. ^ Krishtalka, Leonard, Cloning Spawns Silliness, Lawrence Journal-World. 31 December 2002. Retrieved 21 March 2011. (highlight)
  4. ^ Davis, James D., UFO-BASED FAITH PROMOTES CLONING MEMBERS BELIEVE CONSCIOUSNESS CAN BE TRANSFERRED TO CREATE ETERNAL LIFE., South Florida Sun-Sentinel. 9 August 2001. Retrieved 21 March 2011. (highlight)
  5. ^ Norris, Michele, Analysis: Raelian origin and organization are discussed, National Public Radio. 27 November 2002.. Retrieved 21 March 2011. (highlight)
  6. ^ Susan J. Palmer (2004). Aliens adored: Raël's UFO religion, Page 62
  7. ^ a b The Raelian Movement, Human Rights Without Frontiers. Retrieved 2 December 2006.
  8. ^ a b Clonaid Homepage: History Retrieved 26 March 2008.
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b c d Rael: Messenger of the Elohim, The International Raelian Movement. Retrieved 1 December 2006.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj Raël, Intelligent Design
  12. ^ a b c d Raelians and Cloning: Are They for Real?, 16 January 2003. Retrieved 15 September 2007.
  13. ^ a b Gorov, Lynda, Raël is here with message from folks in space, Chicago Sun-Times. 16 April 1987. Retrieved 9 April 2007. (highlight)
  14. ^ RAELIANS ARE WAITING FOR THE SPACESHIPS, The Wichita Eagle. 9 January 1990 Retrieved 23 March 2007. (highlight)
  15. ^ Volume3: Subgenius Digest V3#153, The Church of the SubGenius. 28 August 1992. Retrieved 9 April 2007.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Palmer, Aliens Adored
  17. ^ Levine, Art, They Walk Among Us, The Miami Herald. 4 May 1995. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  18. ^ a b c Ortega, Cristina M., GROUP SAYS ALIENS FROM OUR GALAXY CREATED MANKIND 25,000 YEARS AGO, The Miami Herald. 14 January 1996. Retrieved 13 March 2007. (highlight)
  19. ^ SWISS GROUP LAUNCHES FIRM TO MARKET HUMAN CLONING, San Jose Mercury News. 19 June 1997. Retrieved 5 June 2007. (highlight)
  20. ^ Switzerland, a Cult Magnet, Attracts Aliens and Cloning Offers, New York Times. 12 August 1997. Retrieved 5 June 2007. (highlight)
  21. ^ Ireland, Rowan. NEW RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATIONS IN AUSTRALIA, Australian Association for the Study of Religions. January 1998. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  22. ^ a b c d e Religious Movements Homepage: Raelians, University of Virginia. 11 April 2001. Retrieved 4 March 2007.
  23. ^ FLORIDA CHURCH SEEKS EMBASSY FOR SPACE ALIENS, St. Paul Pioneer Press. Retrieved 19 August 2007. (highlight)
  24. ^ a b Weiss, Rick, [Human Cloning's 'Numbers Game'], Washington Post. 10 October 2000. Retrieved 21 March 2011. (highlight)
  25. ^ Human Cloning - CBS News, 60 Minutes. 13 March 2001. Retrieved 13 April 2007.
  26. ^ 'Raëlian' biochemist insists she will clone human, CNN. 30 June 2001. Retrieved 5 June 2007
  27. ^ An Activist's Vision of Cloning, Wired News. 14 August 2002. Retrieved 5 June 2007.
  28. ^ Kevles, Daniel J. RAELIAN IDEAS ARE RELATIVELY OLD HAT, Lexington Herald Leader. 29 December 2002. Retrieved 4 June 2007. (highlight)
  29. ^ Marquez, Myriam, This earthling prefers to be grounded _ Amen!, The Orlando Sentinel. 31 December 2002. Retrieved 5 May 2007. (highlight)
  30. ^ a b Report: Prosecutors probe claims that a Korean woman pregnant with cloned baby, AP Worldstream. Retrieved 31 December 2002. (highlight)
  31. ^ Fed: Human clone claim sparks international interest in Raëlians, AAP General News. 3 January 2003. Retrieved 5 June 2007. (highlight)
  32. ^ EDITORIAL: The key to eternal life?, University Wire. 29 January 2003. Retrieved 13 April 2007 (highlight)
  33. ^ a b Japan's Raëlians hold parade to celebrate human clone births, Worldwide Religious News, Japan Today. 10 February 2003. Retrieved 10 November 2007.
  34. ^ a b c d Ji-young, So, Raelian Cult Leader Threatens to Sue Korea Over Denied Entry, Korea Times. 3 August 2003. Retrieved 12 March 2007
  35. ^ Reading from the left, Financial Times. 16 March 2004. Retrieved 19 August 2007. (highlight)
  36. ^ Knapp, George, Raëlian Leader Makes Fertile Announcement, 26 March 2004. Retrieved 21 April 2008.
  37. ^ a b c d Cult Lures Gay Bishop into Fold, New Truth & TV Extra. 23 April 2004. Retrieved 23 March 2007.
  38. ^ Hornyak, Tim, [10 years after Aum sarin attacks, pseudo-religions thriving in Japan], Japan Today. 13 March 2005. Retrieved 28 December 2006.
  39. ^ a b c 'Clone Baby' & Raelians, NBC 4 Los Angeles. 5 May 2005. Retrieved 12 March 2007.
  40. ^ a b Thomas, Amelia, Raëlians want to establish ET embassy in Jerusalem, Middle East Times. 18 November 2005. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  41. ^ a b Clones from outer space, The Daily Telegraph. 25 June 2006. Retrieved 4 June 2007. (highlight)
  42. ^ Rael Press retrieved 12 November 2012
  43. ^ Rael Press retrieved 12 November 2012
  44. ^ Davis, James D. UFO-based sect backs human cloning., South Florida Sun-Sentinel. 8 August 2001. Retrieved 4 June 2007. (highlight)
  45. ^ They Believe in Mom, Apple Pie and Alien Creators. KSL-TV. 12 February 2003. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
  46. ^ Pratt, Timothy, National Raëlian meeting in Las Vegas draws about 50, Las Vegas Sun. 4 April 2003. Retrieved 3 June 2007.
  47. ^ Williams, Eoghan, Green men may land on the Emerald Isle, Irish Independent. 20 April 2003. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
  48. ^ Harmony Revolution, Japanese Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 2 November 2006.
  49. ^ THE CLONING DEBATE, MacNeil/Lehrer Productions. 27 December 2002. Retrieved 10 February 2007.
  50. ^ Todd, Stephanie, Scientists scoff at cloned baby claim, Retrieved 10 February 2007.
  51. ^ a b Wong, Jan, Clone artist, The Globe and Mail. 7 April 2001. Retrieved 12 July 2007.
  52. ^ a b Raelianews: Downloads, Raelian Contact Newsletter. Retrieved 12 July 2007.
  53. ^ a b c Isaksson, Stefan, New Religious UFO Movements: Extraterrestrial Salvation in Contemporary America – AnthroBase, California State University, Fresno. Spring 2000. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
  54. ^ For our pleasure..., Raelian Contact 331. 7 April 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2007
  55. ^ Raelian Press Site, The International Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
  56. ^ Rael Offers Excommunicated Archbishop Milingo to Become a Raelian Bishop, 27 September 2006. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
  57. ^ Mongolia, Raelian Contact 288. 25 October 2005. Retrieved 13 July 2007.
  58. ^ Celebrating the First Sunday of April, Raelian Contact 322. 14 April 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007.
  59. ^ Dellagloria, Rebecca, Otherworldly View of Femininity, The Miami Herald. 7 March 2005. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
  60. ^ RaelRadio #7: Femininity Day, Retrieved 18 April 2007.
  61. ^ a b "Sensual seminars" and flying saucers, Agence France-Presse. 22 September 2005. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  62. ^ a b c McCann, Brigitte, REALM OF THE RAELIANS: RAELIAN NATION – Part 1, Calgary Sun. 7 October 2003. Retrieved 10 January 2007.
  63. ^ a b Broughton, Philip D. Promise of as much sex as you want and everlasting life, The Daily Telegraph. 27 December 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  64. ^ a b Gibbs, Nancy, Abducting The Cloning Debate, Time Magazine in partnership with CNN. 5 January 2003. Retrieved 12 May 2007.
  65. ^ a b I-Team: Alien Nation, Raelians Moving Headquarters to Las Vegas, WorldNow and KLAS. 8 May 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2007.
  66. ^ Rael's Girls, 2006. Retrieved 1 June 2007.
  67. ^ RAEL's Girls in Support of Strippers, PR Newswire. 10 May 2006. Retrieved 10 June 2007.
  68. ^ Names in the news, Knight Ridder. 16 September 2004. 10 August 2007.
  69. ^ Paredes, Noelle, The Raelians: Roots, beliefs and future plans, CTV Television Network. 27 December 2002. Retrieved 3 May 2007.
  70. ^, Retrieved 9 August 2006.
  71. ^ a b c Raël, Sensual Meditation
  72. ^ a b c d Raël, Yes to Human Cloning
  73. ^ "On s'en est fait passer une p'tite vite!", 5 December 2006. Retrieved 21 September 2007.
  74. ^ Raëlian effort to promote sponsorship of clitorises, Retrieved 9 August 2006.
  75. ^ Bourgeaux, Par Pierre, CROP-CIRCLES in the Streets of Switzerland, Raëlian Contact 309. 23 May 2006. Retrieved 6 August 2006.
  76. ^ Raëlian Exhibitions in Japan, (West) Japanese Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 28 November 2006.
  77. ^ Raëlian Seminars in the Americas, The International Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 6 August 2006.
  78. ^ Raëlian Seminars in Asia, The International Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 6 August 2006.
  79. ^ Raëlian Seminars in Europe, The International Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 6 August 2006.
  80. ^ Lewis, The Gods have landed: new religions from other worlds
  81. ^ Brown, DeNeen L., The Leader of UFO Land, Washington Post. 17 January 2003. Retrieved 3 May 2007.
  82. ^ The Sexual Messiah, National Post. 7 August 1999. Retrieved 3 June 2007.
  83. ^ McCann, Brigittee. "Get undressed".  
  84. ^ a b c d e f Susan J. Palmer, The Rael Deal, Religion in the News, Summer 2001, Vol. 4, No. 2.
  85. ^ International Committee Against Christian Calendar Imperialism, Retrieved 30 March 2007.
  86. ^ "With friends like these, Monsanto needs no enemies", Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  87. ^ raelity show, Associated Press. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  88. ^ Translation: "Global anti-war rallies map series", Agence France-Presse. 15 March 2003. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  89. ^ [1], Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  90. ^ "Men Wear Bras So Women Can Go Topless", Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  91. ^ Religious Movements Homepage: Raelians (paragraph on Operation Condom), University of Virginia. Retrieved 4 March 2007.
  92. ^ "The bishops react to the attacks anti-catholics of the Raëlian movement" (translated), Infosekten. 22 May 2001. Retrieved 1 August 2007. (translated)
  93. ^ a b Who are the Raëlians?, Time Magazine. 4 January 2003. Retrieved 15 September 2007.
  94. ^ a b Palmer, Susan J. Susan J. Palmer: search terms are susan j palmer aliens adored teaching skills. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2004.
  95. ^ a b Raël et le mouvement raélien, SECTES ET MOUVEMENTS RELIGIEUX. Retrieved 19 April 2007.
  96. ^ Groups hurl accusations at anti-cult organization, Montreal Gazette. 1 April 1993. Retrieved 19 April 2007.
  97. ^ Review of Aliens Adored: Rael's UFO Religion by Publishers Weekly, Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
  98. ^ Raelianews: News, Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  99. ^ Raelian Press Site, Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  100. ^ Lewis, Controversial New Religions
  101. ^ Tandy, Doctor Tandy's First Guide to Life Extension and Transhumanity
  102. ^ Stock, Redesigning Humans: Choosing our Genes, Changing our Future
  103. ^ Bates, Alien Intrusion: UFOs and the Evolution Connection
  104. ^ Alexander, Rapture: A Raucous Tour of Cloning, Transhumanism, and the New Era of Immortality
  105. ^ Shanks, Human genetic engineering:a guide for activists, skeptics, and the very perplexed
  106. ^ United States Congress, Medical science and bioethics: attack of the clones? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform
  107. ^ a b Partridge, UFO Religions
  108. ^ a b Edwards, A Brief Guide to Beliefs: Ideas, Theologies, Mysteries, and Movements
  109. ^ Exhibit on homosexual behavior in animal kingdom, 8 December 2006. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
  110. ^ To stop Pedophilia, It is urgent to give right to sex to Catholic Priests, 9 December 2006. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
  111. ^ Raelians Offer Full Frontal Support, 21 February 2005. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
  112. ^ Genta, Lonely Minds in the Universe: The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence
  113. ^ Colavito, The cult of alien gods: H.P. Lovecraft and extraterrestrial pop culture
  114. ^ Sect leader: Cloning is just the beginning, Cable News Network. 31 December 2002. Retrieved 2 August 2006.
  115. ^ a b c d e Rael, Geniocracy
  116. ^ a b Cloning solution to terrorism, some say, The Maneater. 21 September 2001. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  117. ^ Human cloning firm sets up affiliate in Korea, Korea Herald. 13 July 2002. Retrieved 19 July 2002.
  118. ^ Vatican slams 'brutal' clone claim, CNN. 28 December 2002. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
  119. ^ Religious Leaders Condemn Report of Cloned Baby, CNN. Retrieved 29 April 2007.
  120. ^
  121. ^ a b Goodenough, Patrick, Cloning Cult Miffed About Treatment of Leader, Cybercast News Service. 6 August 2003. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
  122. ^ A modern nation is a nation where gays and lesbians are free retrieved 4 August 2013
  123. ^ A Raelian official licensed to perform legal marriages for same-sex couples in Hawaii retrieved 4 August 2013
  124. ^ a b c d Raël, Maitreya
  125. ^ Left Clones, National Review. Retrieved 9 September 2007.
  126. ^ a b Cult leader Rael denied residence in Switzerland, Agence France-Presse. 19 February 2005. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  127. ^ DIFFUSION IN THE WORLD: THE US TEAMS DENOUNCE CATHOLIC PRIESTS PEDOPHILIA, Raelian Contact 324. 11 December 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  128. ^ Pedophilia accusations are pure discrimination, 23 August 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
  129. ^ "An Embassy for Extraterrestrials", International Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 20 July 2007.
  130. ^ "Cult Bids to Clone Hitler for War Trial", Daily Record. 9 August 2001. Retrieved 18 September 2007.
  131. ^ Sethi, Atul, Was God an astronaut?, Times of India. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  132. ^ a b Yoel Ben Assayag, A Dinner With the Messiah, Raelian Contact 320. 10 October 2006. Retrieved 15 February 2007
  133. ^ WORDS OF OUR BELOVED PROPHET, Raelian Contact 317. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 15 February 2007
  134. ^ OUR BELOVED PROPHET IN ACCRA, Raelian Contact 257. 4 January 2006. Retrieved 15 February 2007
  135. ^ Uriel, Invitation and welcoming with the Kimbangists, Raelian Contact 269. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
  136. ^ a b Alien ideas of Genesis? Oak Ridger. 2 January 1998. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
  137. ^ a b Nichols, Hans S. Clones of Aliens Are Among US?, Insight on the News. 29 October 2001. Retrieved 17 July 2007. (highlight)
  138. ^ The Raelian Church to Build Embassy on the Beach!!!, PR Newswire. 27 December 1997. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
  139. ^ a b ELOHIM'S INSTRUCTIONS, International Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
  140. ^ AMBASSADORIAL NEEDS, International Raëlian Movement. Retrieved 17 July 2007.
  141. ^ a b Pro-Swastika, 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
  142. ^ USE OF SWASTIKA LOGO PROMPTS BEACH PROTEST, The Miami Herald. 3 January 1992. Retrieved 8 June 2007. (highlight)
  143. ^ Thomas, Amelia, Raelians want to establish ET embassy in Jerusalem, Middle East Times. 18 November 2005. Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  144. ^ The Official Raelian Symbol gets its swastika back, 17 January 2007. Retrieved 20 October 2007."
  145. ^  
  146. ^ Human Rights Without Frontiers International: Human Rights in Belgium Annual Report (Events in 2005).
  147. ^ Thomasch, Paul, The sportswriter, the aliens, and a cult with 55,000 believers, The Guardian. 28 December 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
  148. ^ International Religious Freedom Report 2003, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 18 December 2003. Retrieved 6 August 2006.
  149. ^ Philipkoski, Kristen, Some Sex With Your Clone Perhaps?, Wired News. 31 August 2005. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  150. ^ A VERY SPECIAL SEMINAR IN LAS VEGAS (Note: Only the French language version is available.), Raelian Contact 273. 26 May 2005. Retrieved 26 June 2007. (French, version)
  151. ^ [I was married to clone cult leader Rael 15 years. He wrecked my life and our children's.], Mail on Sunday/12 January 2003.


See also

The estranged former wife of Vorilhon characterised him as a 'cult leader' and claimed he brought groups of female Raëlians home and held orgies which affected the children from an early age.[151]

In 2005, two Wired News reporters were welcomed into a Raëlian seminar and had permission to videotape it. They believe the footage they took makes it clear that the Raelian Movement is a cult which should disband. A Raëlian guide said in a Wired interview that he is not ashamed of what is shown and that he has no concerns about this incident.[149][150]

The anti-cult organization Info-Cult claimed that Geniocracy was a fascist ideology.[84] In 1995, a parliamentary commission issued a report through the National Assembly of France that categorized the Raelian Movement (Mouvement Raëlien) as a "secte"[145] (French word for cult). In 1997, a parliamentary inquiry commission issued a report through the Belgian Chamber of Representatives that categorized the Belgian Raelian Movement (Mouvement Raëlien Belge) as a sect.[146] Glenn McGee, professor at the University of New Haven, stated that part of the sect is a cult while the other part is a commercial website that collects large sums of money from those interested in human cloning.[147] The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor of the United States Department of State[148] and sociologist Susan J. Palmer[16]:pp. 1–3 have classified the International Raëlian Movement as a religion.


In February 1991, the Raëlian Church modified their symbol. The official reason given was a request from the Elohim to change the symbol in order to help in negotiations with Israel for the building of the Extraterrestrial Embassy to greet the anticipated Elohim space vessels, although the country continued to deny their request.[22] In 2005, the Israeli Raëlian Guide Kobi Drori stated that the Lebanese government was discussing proposals by the Raëlian movement to build their interplanetary embassy in Lebanon. However, one condition was that the Raëlians not display their logo on top of the building because it mixes a swastika and a Star of David. According to Drori, the Raëlians involved declined this offer, as they wished to keep the symbol as is.[143] From 1991 to 2007, the official Raëlian symbol in Europe and America did not have the original swastika, but Raël, founder and leader of the Raëlian Movement decided to make the original symbol, the Star of David intertwined with a swastika, the only official symbol of the Raelian Movement worldwide.[144]

[142] In 1991, a Montreal anti-cult organization called Info-Cult made statements against the Raëlian Church with an article on

Raelians believe in reclaiming the swastika by restoring its historical meaning as a symbol of peace and good luck.[141][141] Swastika has been used for millennia in the East as a religious symbol of peace and harmony.

The Raëlian symbol with the swastika (left) and the alternative version (right)

Religious symbol

In his much later book, Maitreya, Raël says the road to a world without money is capitalism and globalisation, as opposed to communism. Capitalism would allow those who contribute much to society to also contribute to its scientific and technological development. Under capitalism, society would produce as much money as it can. The money would become important in the short run as nanotechnology quickly lowers the cost of goods while putting many people out of work.[124]:pp. 217–8

In Raël's book, Extraterrestrials took me to their planet, Raël claims that an extraterrestrial gave him the idea of Economic Humanitarianism. Under the establishment of Economic Humanitarianism, people would not have ownership of businesses or exploitable goods created by others. Instead, people would rent each of them for a period of 49 years. The founders would be able to receive the rents for up to 49 years or when they die, which ever is later. Any rents not inherited by relatives after 49 years would go to the State.[11]:p. 98 By balancing inheritances, children would be born with enough financial means to forsake menial tasks for endeavors that may benefit the whole of humanity. Family houses could be inherited from generation to generation, free of rent.[11]:p. 97

The lack of scientific rigour necessary for inclusion of Geniocracy as properly testable political ideology can be noted in number of modern and historical dictatorships as well as oligarchies. Because of the controversies surrounding Geniocracy, Raël presents the idea as a classic utopia or provocative ideal and not necessarily a model that humanity will follow.[12]

The current difficulty in the ideas of Geniocracy is that the means of assessing intelligence are ill-defined. One idea offered by Rael in Geniocracy is to have specialists such as psychologists, neurologists, ethnologists, etc., perfect or choose among existing ones, a series of tests that would define each person's level of intelligence. They should be designed to measure intellectual potential rather than accumulation of knowledge.


Raël recommends a world government with 12 regions. Inhabitants would vote for which region they want to be part of. After the regions are defined, they are further divided into 12 sectors after the same principle of democracy is applied. While sectors of the same region are defined as having equal numbers of inhabitants, the regions themselves may have different levels of population, which would be proportional to its voting power.[115]

Raelians deride the current state-system as inadequate for dealing with contemporary global issues that are typical of Globalisation, such as Environmentalism, Social Justice, Human Rights, and the current economic system. In line with this, Geniocracy proposes a different economic model called Humanitarianism.[115]

In his book Geniocracy, Raël outlined his plan for a peaceful worldwide political union that, while democratic, would require members of the electorate to meet a minimum standard of intelligence. The thresholds proposed by the Raëlians are 50% above average for a candidate and 10% above average for a voter.[115]:pp. 17–20 The world government would also have a global currency, a common language, and a transformation of militaries of the world into civil police.[11]:p. 100

A form of meritocracy

The book cover of Rael's book Geniocracy: Government of the People, for the People, by the Geniuses (Printed for the first time in English: 2008 Nova Distribution.)

On 13 December 1997, the leader of the International Raëlian Movement had decided to extend the possibility of building the embassy outside of Jerusalem and also allow that a significant portion of the embassy property be covered with water. The area of the proposed embassy property is still envisioned at a minimum of 3.47 square kilometers, with a radius of at least 1.05 kilometers.[140]

The International Raëlian Movement envisions having an entrance with an aseptic chamber leading to a conference room for twenty-one people as well as a dining room of the same capacity.[139] In the plan are seven rooms for the purpose of receiving human guests into the embassy. The embassy building, along with the swimming pool, would be in the center of a large park and protected from trespassing by a wall−a maximum of two stories-to surround the entire complex's circumference. Trees and bushes are to be planted in the outskirts of the wall's area. The walls are to have a northern and southern entrance. The landing pad for the embassy should be able fit a spaceship of twelve meters of diameter or 39'4" on its terrace. The terrace is to be above the rooms in the torus, which are for extraterrestrials only. The seven rooms directly underneath the landing pad would be protected from occupants of other rooms with a thick metal door. Finally, the International Raëlian Movement wants to avoid military and radar surveillance of the airspace above the embassy. Buildings for administration, food and water provisions, and state-of-the-art sanitation and communication systems are part of this vision.[139] A nearby replica of the Raëlian Embassy for Extraterrestrials open to the public is expected to show visitors what it is like inside the real one.[11]:p. 370

Proposed architecture and location

Tent version of the Embassy for Extraterrestrial Elohim for use in a Raëlian seminar in Colombia, South America (1/4 the width, 1/4 the length, and half the height of the proposed embassy)

On 16 April 1987, the Chicago Sun-Times estimated the funding for the "cosmic kibbutz" at $1 million. In 1997-1998, the funding had risen to $7 million.[24][108]:p. 467[136][138] By 2001, $9 million had been saved for the embassy,[16]:p. 64 and in October 2001, the funding had reached $20 million.[137]

The Raëlian Embassy for Extraterrestrials is the vision of the International Raëlian Movement to establish an embassy, at a base cost of $20 million, with a landing pad that would serve as spaceport for extraterrestrial spaceships. The funding of the embassy has been reported over time by the media.[13][136][137] Its location is intended to be in neutral territory, preferably Jerusalem, and would be surrounded by acres of campground capable of supporting about 144,000 people[11] or more than twice the estimated Raëlian membership as of 2005.[40]

Raëlians believe that life on Earth—as well as many religions of the world—was the work of extraterrestrial influence. They believe these were scientists and that ancient people saw them as "gods" and gave the name "Elohim".[11]:p. 370[131] Raëlians believe that the Embassy for Extraterrestrials or "Third Temple"[132][133][134] is to support an official contact with Extraterrestrial Elohim and their messengers of the main religions at the "New Jerusalem".[132][135]

Embassy for Extraterrestrials

Raëlians do not believe that an ethereal soul exists free of physical confinement.[11]:pp. 154–155 Raëlians believe that advanced supercomputers of the Elohim are right now recording the memories and DNA of human beings.[11]:p. 171 When Elohim release this information for the coming resurrection, people would be brought back from the dead and the judgments upon them would be realized based on actions in their past life. People excluded from physical recreation would include those who achieved nothing positive but were not evil.[11]:p. 214 Vorilhon expressed an interest in cloning Hitler for war trials and retroactive punishment.[130] Raël also mentioned cloning as the solution to terrorism by suicide attacks, as the perpetrators would not be able to escape punishment by killing themselves if the Elohim recreated them after their attacks.[116]

A coming judgment

Raëlians believe that humanity would be able to create life on other planets only if humanity is peaceful enough to stop war. In that case, humanity could travel the distances between stars[11]:p. 159 and create life on another planet.[11]:p. 70 Progress in terraforming, molecular biology,[11]:p. 293 and cloning would enable these teams to create continents and life from scratch.[11]:p. 50 Progress in social engineering would ensure that this creation would have a better chance of both surviving and having the potential to understand its creators.[11]:p. 153 Research on how civilization would occur on another planet would allow scientists to decide what traces of their origin should be left behind so that their role in life creation would someday be revealed.[11]:p. 280 The progress achieved by the science teams would ultimately sustain a perpetual chain of life.[11]:p. 91

Humanity's chance of creating life on other planets

From the Raëlian point of view, religious texts indicate that the Elohim would return at the age of Apocalypse or Revelation (unveiling of the truth). Humans from another world would appear to drop down from the sky and meet in the embassy they have asked Raël to build for them and share their advanced scientific knowledge with humanity. Thus, one of their stated main goals of the Raëlian movement is to inform as many people as possible about this extraterrestrial race.[129]

According to Vorilhon, Elohim contacted about forty people to act as their prophets on Earth,[11]:p. 165 including Moses,[11]:pp. 114,312,324 Elijah,[11]:p. 114 Ezekiel,[11]:pp. 45–53 Buddha,[11]:pp. 89,312,324 John the Baptist,[11]:pp. 293–306 Jesus,[11]:pp. 114,312,324 Muhammad,[11]:pp. 89,312,324 and Joseph Smith.[11]:pp. 89,312 The religions thought to be from Elohimic origins include Judaism,[11]:p. 114 Buddhism,[11]:p. 89 Christianity,[11]:p. 114 Islam,[11]:p. 89 and Mormonism.[11]:p. 89

  • the Garden of Eden: a large laboratory that was based on an artificially constructed continent[11]:p. 279
  • Noah's Ark: a spaceship that preserved DNA that was used to resurrect animals through cloning[11]:pp. 20–22[11]:pp. 240–242,280,332
  • the Tower of Babel: a rocket that was supposed to reach the creators' planet;[11]:p. 22
  • the Great Flood: the byproduct of a nuclear missile explosion that the Elohim sent.[11]:p. 20 After tidal wave floods following the explosions receded, Elohim scattered the Israelites and had them speak the language of other tribes.[11]:pp. 22,23

Yahweh gave materialistic explanations of the following:

In his book The Message Given to me by Extraterrestrials (now republished as Intelligent Design: Message from the Designers 2006 ISBN 2-940252-20-3), Claude Vorilhon claims that on 13 December 1973, he found a spacecraft shaped like a flattened bell that landed inside Puy de Lassolas, a volcano near the capital city of Auvergne. A 25,000-year-old human-like extraterrestrial inside the spacecraft named Yahweh said that Elohim was the name that primitive people of Earth called members of his extraterrestrial race—who were seen as "those who came from the sky". Yahweh explained that Earth was originally void of life, with thick clouds and shallow seas, but the Elohim came, broke apart the clouds, exposed the seas to sunlight, built a continent, and synthesized a global ecosystem. Solar astronomy, terraformation, nanotechnology, and genetic engineering allowed Elohim to adapt life to Earth's thermal and chemical makeup.[11]:pp. 11–15

Creation of life on Earth by extraterrestrials

Puy de Lassolas

Intelligent Design

The Raëlian cosmology is meditated upon during the fourth activity in the rite of Sensual Meditation.

Because of the difference of mass, the activity of life inside in a living thing's atoms would undergo many millennia before enough time passes for that living thing to take a single step. Raëlians believe the universe is infinite in time and space and lacks a center. Because of this, one could not imagine where an ethereal soul would go.[11]:pp. 153–155

In Raëlian cosmology, our observable universe is an "atom" of a much larger level of matter (and possibly organism) and subatomic particles in our bodies also possess universes like our own, but on a much smaller scale. This pattern, atom within universe within atom, is believed to be infinitely repetitive, from the infinitely small, to the infinitely large.[11]:pp. 211 The Raëlian Messages by Raël state that humanoid extraterrestrials, who were originally called under the name Elohim (singular: Eloha), verified this cosmology scientifically.[11]:pp. 153–155

Raëlian cosmology as proposed in 1973 by Raël states that the observable universe has no creator and is infinite in time and finite in size and surrounded by infinite space.[11]:pp. 211

Structure of the Universe

Raëlian cosmology

[128] In 2006 Raëlians in :p. 63[16] Sexual predators and guides who force missionary ideas against members are excommunicated by the Raëlian Church for a minimum of seven years—the amount of time Raëlians believe it takes for all of a person's biological cells to be regenerated.

Views on pedophilia

Raëlians say they encourage adult homosexual, bisexual, and heterosexual relationships and that society should recognize them legally.[125] Some Swiss government authorities responded to Raëlians' views about Sensual Meditation with a fear that Raëlians are a threat to public morals for supporting liberalized sex education for children. They express the view that such liberalized sex education teaches youngsters how to obtain sexual gratification which would encourage sexual abuse of underage children.[126]

According to the book Maitreya by Claude Vorilhon, love involves experiencing different varieties and possibilities that allow one to break habits in order to make life more pleasant and interesting[124]:pp. 19,71,99,182,251 and that it is the only thing which can stop war and injustice that persists in today's world.[124]:pp. 18,165 Raëlians believe in the right to form new religions or new political parties as long as they do not promote violence.[124]:pp. 137–41,165 As individualists, Raëlians believe that the one who gives the order to harm others is less at fault than the one who executes it.[11]:p. 321

Sensuality and pleasure

The Raelian movement defends the rights and freedoms of gays and lesbians, recognises gay marriage and ordains gay clergy.[122] Some Raelian leaders have performed licensed same-sex marriages.[123]

LGBT issues


Woman on bed adorned with Raëlian symbol

In response to Raël's association with Clonaid, South Korean immigration authorities at the airport denied him entry into their country in 2003.[34] This decision led to the quick cancellation of the planned Raëlian seminar which seven hundred registered for. Raëlians of South Korea were instructed by Raël to protest near the Ministry of Health and Welfare that ordered him to leave.[34][121] Officials detained Raël for nine hours at Incheon International Airport before he and his wife Sophie de Niverville left for Tokyo from where they would take another plane on their way back to Canada. Raël responded by saying that Korean officials treated him like a "North Korean" and that he would wait for an apology before coming back to Korea.[121]

Raël founded Valiant Venture Ltd Corporation in 1997, to research human cloning. The company name was later changed to Clonaid and handed over to Raëlian bishop, Brigitte Boisselier in 2000.[8] In 2002, Brigitte Boisselier, as chief executive of Clonaid, claimed that a human baby was conceived through cloning technology.[64] Around this time, Clonaid's subsidiary BioFusion Tech claimed to have in possession a cell fusion device that assisted the cloning of human embryos.[117] The Vatican said that experimenters expressed "brutal mentality" for attempting to clone human beings.[118] Pope John Paul II criticized the experiment which he believes threatens the dignity of human life.[119] In response, the leader of the Raëlian Church dismissed the Pope's ethical concerns, calling them an "accumulation of religious prejudices."[120]


Claude Vorilhon told lawmakers that banning the development of human cloning was comparable to outlawing medical advances such "antibiotics, blood transfusions, and vaccines."[84]

In the final stages of development, hitherto unknown information contained within undamaged DNA would be enough to bring others back from the dead[11]:p. 167 including their memories and personality.[115]:pp. 47,78[116] This would be done by taking a small sample from someone's body and preserving it at the time when the level of the brain's efficiency and knowledge is highest. On the day of death, a cell would be taken from the sample for the cloning to take place, and the memories and personality would be restored to their peak level.[11]:p. 109

As opposed to the scientific definition of reproductive cloning which is simply the creation of a genetically identical living thing, Raëlians seek to both genetically clone individuals, rapidly accelerate growth of the clone to adulthood through a process like guided self-assembly of rapidly expanded cells or even nanotechnology[72]:pp. 35–37[114] and then transfer the mind and personality of the donor into the clone.[11]:p. 366 Raëlians believe humanity can attain eternal life through the science of cloning.[72]:pp. 35–37

Human cloning

According to Michel Beluet, the former director of a Raëlian-built museum called UFOland, the only pressure exerted on members is to attend annual Raëlian seminars, which allows members convinced of Raël's enthusiasm to voluntarily tithe.[16]:p. 209 Palmer cited Raël, who claimed that more than 60% of the Raëlian Movement's members do not tithe.[16]:p. 64 Dawson College students conducted a survey of the membership in Canada 1991 which found that only one-third of respondents tithed.[16]:p. 209

Raëlians are encouraged to do as they feel right, whether that matches the rules of the culture in which they live or not. According to Susan J. Palmer, a majority of loosely affiliated Raëlian Movement members have often strayed from following rules concerning "diet, drugs, and sexual activity" as described in the Raëlian books. Sometimes, they will not attend monthly meetings or pay a tithe in proportion to their income. Only the more committed members who do follow such rules can remain in the movement's structure.[16]:p. 58


According to Giancarlo Genta and Jason Colavito, writers who have influenced Raëlian beliefs include Zechariah Sitchin and Erich von Däniken.[112]:p. 231[113]:p. 320

Raëlians believe that sex is a normal, natural and healthy part of life and encourages people to be true to their natural sexuality.[109] They promote healing from damaging messages from strict puritanical belief systems and social stigmas that stifle one's natural sexuality. Acceptance of masturbation, homosexuality, bisexuality, pansexuality, naturism and any legal, safe and consensual adult activity is promoted as part of a healthy and long life, and this is used to attract young converts to the religion.[110] Raelians believe that sexuality is a gift of pleasure to mankind from the Elohim.[111] The Raëlian book Let's Welcome our Fathers From Space says that new advanced extraterrestrial civilizations will ultimately practice a final religion or "religion of the infinite" that involves ubiquitous practice of Sensual Meditation.[11]:p. 248

Raëlians believe that throughout the ages, members of the Elohim civilization sent different prophets, including Moses, Jesus, Buddha and many others whose role was guide humanity and to prepare humans for the future, all of whom were created as a result of a sexual union between a human woman and one of the Elohim. To Raëlians, this was possible because the Elohim had advanced DNA synthesis and genetic engineering. The Elohim later reduced the frequent visits so that humans were largely left to progress on their own, until the time of the Apocalypse/Revelation when they would send their final messenger and disclose themselves at an extraterrestrial embassy, establishing political and economic ties.

Chryssides states that Raëlism is discernible from other UFO religions for its heavy support for physicalism and repudiation of supernaturalism.[107]:p. 21 Susan J. Palmer, a social scholar who had long contacts with Raëlians, associated epiphenomenalism[16]:p. 23 with the belief in Raëlism that mind transfer coupled with human cloning can implant mind and personality into a new and disease free body.[11]:p. 167 Raëlians publicly deny the existence of the ethereal soul and a supernatural god,[93] but they believe that humanity for many generations past will be resurrected, albeit in a scientific way.[11]:p. 171

Theologian of new religious movements, [107]:p. 46 Raëlism claims that all life on Earth, humans included, was created scientifically by Elohim, members of an extraterrestrial race who appeared similar to small humans and so were often depicted as angels,[11]:pp. 308–14 cherubs,[11]:pp. 49–50 or gods.[11]:pp. 153–6 Raëlians, who are not monotheists, believe the correct historical meaning of the word Elohim is the plural sense, "those who came from the sky". Belief in extraterrestrial Elohim play a central part in Clonaid's claim of offering cloning services for homosexual and infertile couples who want a child cloned from a partner's DNA.[108]:470

A passerby meets a Raëlian at a booth in Tel Aviv, Israel.


Raëlians asking to stop the prohibition of Raël's entry into Korea

Raëlian organizers made deliberate attempts to "shock, titillate, and capture the media's imagination".[100]:p. 371 The book Yes to Human Cloning (2001) attracted media attention after its release, including segments on 20/20 and 60 Minutes.[101]:p. 156 Biophysicist Gregory Stock described the Raëlian Clonaid project as "sufficiently quirky to command instant media attention."[102]:p. 157 It has been estimated that the group received free publicity worth US$500 million as a result of the Clonaid claim.[103]:p. 15 Mark Hunt, a lawyer and politician who wished to clone his dead son with the help of the Clonaid services, was overwhelmed by the height of the media attention and in an interview said that Clonaid's chief executive had become a "press hog".[104]:p. 170[105]:p. 283[106]:356


Intentional controversy

Two ex-[96] converted to Raëlianism.[11] A former bishop of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) joined the Raelian Movement so he could be openly gay.[37] The Raëlian, Mark Woodgate, stated that 8% of Raëlians worldwide are former Latter-day Saints. Religiously mixed couples are common, especially with spouses who are Christians or Buddhists.[7]

Raëlians do not believe in a god (or other deity), but in extraterrestrials.[12][93] Former clergy of mainstream religions have joined the Raëlian Church, especially in Quebec.[37][94][95] The structure of the movement had promoted some of them to the level of Priest or Bishop due to "extensive Bible training and teaching skills".[94]

Converts from other religions

In July 2001, Raëlians on the streets attracted Italians and Swiss people as they gave leaflets protesting the existence of over a hundred child molesters among Roman Catholic clergy in France. They recommended that parents should not send their children to Catholic confession. The Episcopal vicar of Geneva sued the Raëlian Church for libel but did not win.[16]:p. 91[92] The judge did not accept the charges for the reason that the Raëlians were not attacking the whole of the Catholic Church.[16]:p. 91 In October 2002, Raëlians in a Canadian anti-clerical parade held handed out Christian crosses to high school students. They were invited to burn the crosses in a park not far from Montreal's Mount Royal and to sign letters of apostasy from the Roman Catholic Church. The Quebec Association of Bishops called this "incitement to hatred", and several school boards attempted to prevent their students from meeting Raëlians.[16]:p. 92

Anti-Catholic: In 1992 Catholic schools in Montreal, Canada objected to a proposed condom vending machine as contrary to their mission. In response, Raëlian guides, in an event dubbed "Operation Condom", gave the Catholic students ten thousand condoms. The Commissioner of Catholic schools for Montreal said they could do nothing to stop them.[84][91]

Topless rights of women: Several Raëlian groups in the United States have organized annual protests, claiming that women should have the same legal right to go topless in public that men enjoy without fear of arrest for indecent exposure.[89] This is known as topfreedom. Some have called this a publicity stunt designed to recruit members. Go Topless Day is their annual event, with women protesting topless except for nipple pasties to avoid arrest. It is held near 26 August, the anniversary of the day women were given the USA right to vote.[90]

Anti-war: In 2006, About 30 Raëlians, some topless, took part in an anti-war demonstration in Seoul, Korea.[87] In 2003, Raëlians in white alien costumes bore signs bearing the message "NO WAR ... ET wants Peace, too!" to protest the 2003 Invasion of Iraq.[88]

Raëlian women at the Seoul Korea Love Hug Festival

Pro-GMO: On 6 August 2003, the first day of Raëlian year 58 AH,[85] a Roundup herbicide to which it was artificially adapted. The Raëlians spoke against the Brazilian government's ban on GMOs.[86]

Raëlians routinely advocate sex-positive feminism and genetically modified food. They also have protested against wars and the Catholic Church.


A Raëlian protest sign is raised at political rally demanding the return of U.S. troops

On a yearly basis, Raëlian members organize seminars that are often attractive to the sexually adventurous.[82] News KNBC called the annual Raëlian seminars "a cross between a nudist camp and new-age retreat."[39] A Spanish television agency reported Raëlian men and women in cross-dressing plays.[61] Activities such as observations of one's own private parts and masturbation with them disturbed Brigitte McCann, a Calgary Sun reporter who entered one of the Raëlian seminars.[83] Susan J. Palmer said a French journalist went to a Raëlian Seminar in 1991 and taped couples having sexual intercourse in tents. These tapes gained widespread negative publicity—with news stories that described these practices as perverted and a form of brainwashing.[84] The tents were actually put up for the privacy of attendees whom were sharing dormitories and the person was ejected by the Raelians for misrepresentation for the sake of sensationalism of their so-called research, so called infiltration is encouraged by the Raelians to clear up myths perpetrated by the media and rogue researches.

Music has been a feature of large gatherings, where at night, Raëlians have had multiethnic cabaret performances.[16]:p. 62 Seminarists have used colored bracelets to indicate whether they wanted to be alone, be in a couple, or simply meet people.[81]

Raëlian structure members who run the seminars have organized group exercises involving meditation with the senses. James R. Lewis, an authority on fringe religious movements, spoke of Raëlians who practiced a Raëlian exercise called Sensual Meditation and discovered "playing fields" where "radical self-reconstruction," "new forms of authority," and "new modes of self-relating" were encouraged.[80]:p. 133


Raëlian structure members have set up exhibitions about their beliefs of extraterrestrial intelligent designers sending crop circles,[75] UFOs, and spaceships for their arrival at an embassy.[76] While there have been smaller meetings of Raëlians and non-Raëlians, annual Raëlian seminars have been typically larger.[77][78][79]

UFO exhibits

Raëlians have founded female genital mutilation.[73][74]

Throughout the history of Raëlism, members of the Raëlian Church have toured public settings advocating masturbation, condoms and birth control.[63] Raëlians hope that genetically modified food[72]:pp. 35–37 and nanotechnology[72]:pp. 69–74 will allow humankind to eliminate the obligation to work, in a world that embraces science and technology.[11]:p. 156

Other activities, outreach and advocacy

Sensual Meditation is the set of exercises made public by Claude Vorilhon in his book La méditation sensuelle.[71] It is practiced by members of International Raelian Movement (IRM).[71] The first of these exercises is usually taught in Raëlian Seminars.[71]

Sensual Meditation

Sensual Meditation (1980), Raël's fifth book about Raëlism.

The dates are the 6 August, which marks the anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in 1945,[11]:p. 151[11]:p. 151 13 December, marking the day that Raël in 1973 says he had his first personal encounter with one of the extraterrestrial Elohim,[11]:pp. 4, 121–2, 136, 143, 223 7 October in which the Elohim, Raël says, took him up in a spacecraft in 1975 and the following day had meals with Jesus, Buddha, and other past religious figures[11]:pp. 145–178 and the first Sunday in April, which Raëlians believe is the date when dark-skinned extraterrestrials created [70]

Baptisms can only be performed on four special days in the year. The dates mark anniversaries in the Raëlian calendar.[16]:p. 64

Ceremonial dates

The Raëlian baptism is known as transmission of the cellular plan where "cellular" refers to the organic cells of the body and the "plan" refers to the genetic makeup of the individual. This Raëlian baptism involves a guide member laying water onto the forehead of the new member.[11]:p. 334 The practice began on "the first Sunday in April"[16]:p. 58 of 1976 when Raël baptised 40 Raëlians.[16]:p. 58 Raëlians believe that their genetic information is recorded by a remote computer and would become recognized during their final hour when they will be judged by the extraterrestrial Elohim.[11]:p. 175

The major initiation rite in the Raëlian Church is the "baptism" or "transmission of the cellular plan" and is performed by upper-level members in the Raëlian clergy known as guides.[16]:pp. 58–9 In 1979, Raël introduced the "Act of Apostasy" as an obligation for those preparing for their Raëlian baptism.[16]:p. 60[69]



Raëlians drawing with sand

Rites and practices

Raël has instructed some women members to play a Heather Veitch.[67] Rael's Girls and its founder Raël were featured in a pictorial in the October 2004 issue of Playboy.[68]

The Order of Angels, founded in the 1990s, consists of over a hundred Raëlian women who call for femininity and refinement for all of humanity.[59][60] The initiation rites include declaring an oath or making a contract in which one agrees to become defender of the Raëlian ideology and its founder Raël.[61][62] The Order of Angels has its own hierarchy of "rose angels" and "white angels" which, as of 2003, are six and 160 women, respectively.[12] After the Clonaid human cloning claim made the headlines, the Daily Telegraph wrote that members of the order not only provided sexual pleasure for Raël, but also helped donate eggs for efforts towards human cloning.[63] A few days later, Time magazine wrote that French chemist Brigitte Boisselier was an Order of Angels member.[64] Around this time, cult specialist Mike Kropveld called the Order of Angels "one of the most transparent movements" he had witnessed, though he was alarmed by the women's promise to defend Raël's life with their own bodies.[62]

Women make up only a third of the membership in the Raëlian Church,[16]:p. 117 though two anecdotes in the Raëlian Contact newsletter report female majorities joining the movement's Asian Mongolian chapter.[57][58] Women such as Brigitte Boisselier, the Chief Executive Officer of Clonaid, play a powerful role in the Raëlian Church. There are two major groups of women in the Raëlian Church.

Women-only groups

Members of the Raëlian structure begin as level 0 "trainees" during annual seminars. The Raelian structure claimed in 2007 to have about 2,300 members,[54] 170 "Raëlian guides",[55] and 41 bishops.[56] Claude Vorilhon has held the highest position for three seven-year terms.[53]

The structure of the Raëlian Church is hierarchical, with seven levels ascending from level 0 to level 6.[53] The top four levels consist of "Guides". The level 6 guide, known as the "Guide of Guides", has the final say on who becomes a level 5 "Bishop Guide" or a level 4 "Priest Guide".[53] Bishops and priests promote lower-level members one level at a time during annual seminars. Each bishop or priest can propose a new guide as long as the candidate is from a level below his or her own. Guides can assist "Regional Guides"—level 3 and above[51][52]—in their assigning of non-guide members to levels 3 ("Assistant Priests"), 2 ("Organizers") and 1 ("Assistant Organizers").

Level 6:
Guide of Guides
Planetary guide
Level 5:
Level 4:
Level 3:
Assistant Priest
Continental head
National guide
Regional guide
National guide
Regional guide
Regional guide
Level 2:
Level 1:
Assistant Organizer
Level 0:

Member hierarchy

On 26 December 2002, Brigitte Boisselier, a Raëlian Bishop and CEO of a biotechnology company called Clonaid announced the birth of baby Eve, supposedly the first-ever human clone. The announcement ignited much media attention, ethical debate, doubt, criticism, and claims of a hoax. Spokespeople for the movement, including Claude Vorilhon, have suggested that this is one of the first steps in achieving a more important agenda. They claim that through cloning they can combine an accelerated growth process with some form of mind transfer, and in such, may achieve eternal life.[49][50]

From 1980 to 1992 Raël and his movement became increasingly global. In 1980 Claude Raël's fifth Raëlian book Sensual Meditation was published and formal publication of the Raëlian Messages in the Japanese language began[48] as part of the Raëlian mission to Japan.[16]:p. 64 Two years later, Africa became another target area in the mission to spread the Raëlian messages.[16]:p. 64

[12] By 1976, Raël transformed MADECH into the International Raelian Movement.:p. 104[11].(Moise a devancé Élie et le Christ) while the second stands for "Moses preceded Elijah and the Christ" (Mouvement pour l‘accueil des Elohim, créateurs de l'humanité) The name MADECH is a double acronym in the French language. The first stands for "Movement for the welcoming of the Elohim, creators of humanity" [10]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.