World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Religious affiliation

Article Id: WHEBN0001581524
Reproduction Date:

Title: Religious affiliation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Grenville-sur-la-Rouge, Quebec, Blasphemy law in Australia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Religious affiliation

Religion is a collection of cultural systems, belief systems, and worldviews that establishes symbols that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values. While religion is hard to define, one standard model of religion, used in religious studies courses, was proposed by Clifford Geertz, who simply called it a "cultural system".[1] A critique of Geertz's model by Talal Asad categorized religion as "an anthropological category".[2] Many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions and sacred histories that are intended to give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the universe. They tend to derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle from their ideas about the cosmos and human nature. According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world

The word religion is sometimes used interchangeably with faith or belief system, but religion differs from private belief in that it has a public aspect. Most religions have organized behaviors, including clerical hierarchies, a definition of what constitutes adherence or membership, congregations of laity, regular meetings or services for the purposes of veneration of a deity or for prayer, holy places (either natural or architectural), and/or scriptures. The practice of a religion may also include sermons, commemoration of the activities of a god or gods, sacrifices, festivals, feasts, trance, initiations, funerary services, matrimonial services, meditation, music, art, dance, public service, or other aspects of human culture.

Some academics studying the subject have divided religions into three broad categories: world religions, a term which refers to transcultural, international faiths; indigenous religions, which refers to smaller, culture-specific or nation-specific religious groups; and new religious movements, which refers to recently developed faiths.[3] One modern academic theory of religion, social constructionism, says that religion is a modern concept that suggests all spiritual practice and worship follows a model similar to the Abrahamic religions as an orientation system that helps to interpret reality and define human beings,[4] and thus religion, as a concept, has been applied inappropriately to non-Western cultures that are not based upon such systems, or in which these systems are a substantially simpler construct.

Abrahamic religions

Main article: Abrahamic religions

A group of monotheistic traditions sometimes grouped with one another for comparative purposes, because all refer to a patriarch named Abraham.


Main article: Bábism

Bahá'í Faith

Main article: Bahá'í Faith


Main article: Christianity

Main article: Catholic Church
Main article: Protestantism
Eastern Orthodoxy
Other Eastern Churches

Other groups


Main article: Druze


Main article: Gnosticism

Persian Gnosticism
Syrian-Egyptic Gnosticism


Main article: Islam

Kalam Schools
Main article: Kalam
Main article: Kharijite
Shia Islam
Main article: Shia Islam
Main article: Sufism
Sunni Islam
Main article: Sunni Islam
Main article: Quranism
Black Muslims
Other Islamic Groups


Main article: Judaism

Rabbinic Judaism
Main article: Rabbinic Judaism
Karaite Judaism
Main article: Karaite Judaism
Falasha or Beta Israel
Modern Non-Rabbinic Judaism
Historical groups

Rastafari movement

Main article: Rastafari movement

Black Hebrew Israelites

Mandaeans and Sabians

Main articles: Mandaeism and Sabians


Main article: Samaritanism


Main article: Shabak people

Indian religions

Main article: Indian religions

Indian religions, also known as dharmic religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism and religions and traditions related to, and descended from, them.


Main article: Ayyavazhi

Bhakti movement

Main article: Bhakti movement


Main article: Schools of Buddhism


  • Din-i-Ilahi


Major schools and movements of Hindu philosophy
Main article: Hindu philosophy


Main article: Jainism



Main article: Sikhism

Iranian religions

Main article: Iranian religions





Main article: Yazdânism

Zoroastrianism / Parsi

Main article: Zoroastrianism

East Asian religions

Main article: East Asian religions


Main article: Confucianism


Main articles: Shinto and Shinto sects and schools


Main article: Taoism


African diasporic religions

African diasporic religions are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas among African slaves and their descendants in various countries of the Caribbean Islands and Latin America, as well as parts of the southern United States. They derive from African traditional religions, especially of West and Central Africa, showing similarities to the Yoruba religion in particular.

Indigenous traditional religions

Traditionally, these faiths have all been classified "Pagan", but scholars prefer the terms "indigenous/primal/folk/ethnic religions".


Main article: African traditional religions
West Africa
Central Africa
East Africa
Southern Africa


Main article: Native American mythology




Cargo cults

Main article: Cargo cults

Historical polytheism


Ancient Near Eastern

Main article: Ancient Near Eastern religions



Main article: Hellenistic religion

Mysticism and Occult

Esotericism and mysticism

Main articles: Esotericism and Mysticism

Occult and magic

Main articles: Occultism and Magic (paranormal)


Main article: Paganism (contemporary)



New religious movements


New Thought

Main article: New Thought


Main article: Shinshūkyō

Left-hand path religions

Fictional religions

Parody or mock religions


Other categorisations

By demographics

By area


See also


External links

  • Statistics on religious belief or adherence
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.