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Title: Retiree  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Party of the Nation's Retirees, Julie Olson Williams
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A pensioner is a person who collects a pension, most commonly because of a retirement from the workforce.[1] This is a term typically used in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Australia where someone of pensionable age may also be referred to as an 'old age pensioner', or OAP. In the United States, the term retiree is more common, and in New Zealand, the term superannuitant is commonly used. In many countries, increasing life expectancy has led to an expansion of the numbers of pensioners, and they are a growing political force.

Political parties

Other uses

  • In the University of Cambridge, a pensioner is a student who is not a scholar or sizar and who pays for his or her tuition and commons. The term commoner may also be applied, especially at the University of Oxford.
  • A political pensioner is a member of a formerly ruling dynasty who is paid a 'pension' (e.g. by the British raj) as a partial compensation for the income lost by not exercising an ancestral claim to a native throne
  • A Chelsea Pensioner is a retired British soldier who lives within the Royal Hospital
  • In the Thoroughbred breeding industry, a pensioner is a stallion that has been retired from stud duty due to declining fertility (usually related to age).

See also


External links

  • University of Cambridge Jargon
  • Pension Watch Pension watch is a comprehensive online resource on non-contributory (social) pensions.
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