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Title: Rishonim  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Halakha, Outline of Judaism, Yeridat ha-dorot, Rishonim, Geonim
Collection: Hebrew Words and Phrases, Monotheistic Religions, Rabbis by Rabbinical Period, Rishonim
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


"Rishon" redirects here. For the preon model in particle physics, see Harari Rishon Model. For the Israeli town, see Rishon LeZion.
Rabbinical Eras

Rishonim (Hebrew: ; Hebrew: ראשונים‎; sing. ראשון, Rishon, "the first ones") were the leading Rabbis and Poskim who lived approximately during the 11th to 15th centuries, in the era before the writing of the Shulchan Aruch (Hebrew: שׁוּלחָן עָרוּך, "Set Table", the code of Jewish law, 1563 CE) and following the Geonim (589-1038 CE). Rabbinic scholars subsequent to the Shulkhan Arukh are generally known as "Acharonim ("the latter ones").

The distinction between the Rishonim and the Geonim is meaningful historically; in Halakha (Jewish Law) the distinction is less important. According to a widely held view in Orthodox Judaism, the Acharonim generally cannot dispute the rulings of rabbis of previous eras unless they find supports of other rabbis in previous eras. On the other hand, this view is not formally a part of halakha itself, and according to some rabbis is a violation of the halakhic system.[1] In the The Principles of Jewish Law Orthodox rabbi Menachem Elon writes that:


  • Some Rishonim 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Some Rishonim

See also


  1. ^ See Kesef Mishna (Maamrim 2:2), Kovetz Igros Chazon Ish (2:26)

External links

  • The Rules of Halacha, Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan
  • The different rabbinic eras,
  • Torah Personalities and the Times in Which They Lived (MP3s), Rabbi R. Y. Eisenman
    • 9th Through 11th Century
    • 12th Century
    • 13th Century
    • 14th Century
    • 15th Century
    • 16th Century
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