World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Saint-Martin-Vésubie

Article Id: WHEBN0005571735
Reproduction Date:

Title: Saint-Martin-Vésubie  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Belvédère, Eugène Freyssinet, Gaston Franco, Angelo Donati, Saint Martin (disambiguation)
Collection: Communes of Alpes-Maritimes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Saint-Martin-Vésubie

Saint-Martin-Vésubie
A view of Saint-Martin-Vésubie from the nearby hillside
A view of Saint-Martin-Vésubie from the nearby hillside
Coat of arms of Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Coat of arms
Saint-Martin-Vésubie is located in France
Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Nice
Canton Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Intercommunality Vésubie–Mercantour
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gaston Franco
Area1 97.13 km2 (37.50 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,327
 • Density 14/km2 (35/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06127 / 06450
Elevation 715–3,120 m (2,346–10,236 ft)
(avg. 960 m or 3,150 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saint-Martin-Vésubie is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Population 3
  • Media 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Geography

Saint-Martin-Vésubie is established on the edge of a glacial plate.

History

San Martin first appears in recorded history in the 12th century, although there are archaeological remnants of a Romanized indigenous population dating back to the 1st century.

The medieval castrum, or fortification, extends along a cliff overlooking Valley of the Madonna through which ran the old Salt Road that extended from the Piedmont to the port city of Nice.

It was part of the historic County of Nice until 1860 as San Martino Vesubia.

In World War II, the Alpes-Maritimes were occupied by the Italian Fourth Army November 11, 1942. The sympathy of the Italian authorities caused the area to become a safe haven for thousands of Jewish refugees. Jews were able to achieve a modicum of safety and legal residency under the Italian authorities, who relocated them to Saint-Martin-Vésubie. The sympathy of the Italian authorities was mainly due to the work of the Italian Jewish banker Angelo Donati, who was living in Nice and convinced them to protect the Jews from French and German persecution.

After the Italian Armistice in September 1943, and under direct threat from the German authorities, a thousand of Saint-Martin's Jews made the climb up the Old Salt Road mountain passes in the Gesso Valley and what they thought was the safety of Italy . All the remaining Jews in Saint-Martin were arrested and transported to Auschwitz.

The local gendarmerie commander, Maréchal des logis-chef Landry Mangon and his wife Adrienne took under protection a one year old Jewish child named Jean-Claude Dreymann and another officer Joseph Fougere and his wife Yvonne took the child's five-year-old sister Cecile and presented them as their children during the Gestapo's round-up of Jews and thereby saved their lives. For this noble act and the risks they took on their lives and their families to save Jews, the families of the officers were recognized as "Righteous among the Nations" at a ceremony that will be conducted at the municipality on September 5, 2010.

Population

Media

Saint-Martin features in the first scenes of Wandering Star, the novel by J. M. G. Le Clézio.

See also

References

  • INSEE

External links

  • (English) (French) & (Occitan) of the conscriptsbrandiDances and traditional musics in Saint-Martin-Vésubie : .
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.