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Samarqand Region

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Samarqand Region

Samarqand Region
Samarqand viloyati
Самарқанд вилояти
Region
Country Uzbekistan
Capital Samarkand
Area 16,400 km2 (6,332 sq mi)
Population 2,322,000 (2005)
Density 142 / km2 (368 / sq mi)
Regional Administration January 15, 1938
Governor Zoir Mirzayev
ISO 3166-2 UZ-SA
Website: http://www.samarkand.uz/eng

Samarqand Region (Samarkand Region) (Uzbek: Samarqand viloyati) is one of the regions of Uzbekistan. It is located in the center of the country in the basin of Zarafshan River. It borders with Tajikstan, Navoiy Region, Jizzakh Region and Qashqadaryo Region. It covers an area of 16,400 km². The population is estimated to be around 2,322,000, with some 75% living in rural areas.

Samarqand Region was established on January 15, 1938,[1] and is divided into 14 administrative districts.[2] The capital is Samarqand (pop est 368,000 inhabitants). Other major towns include Bulung‘ur, Juma, Ishtixon, Kattaqo‘rg‘on, Urgut, and Oqtosh.

The climate is a typically arid continental climate.

At the entrance to the Samarqand Region from the Qashqadaryo Region
Samarkand is the 2nd largest center for economy, science, and culture in Uzbekistan, after Tashkent. The Institute of Archeology at the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan is based at Samarqand. The region's UNESCO World Heritage Site architectural monuments are world famous, and make Samarkand the largest center for international tourism in the country.

Samarqand Region also has significant natural resources, including construction materials such as marble, granite, limestone, carbonate, and chalk. The region's major agricultural activities are cotton and cereal growing, winemaking and sericulture. In terms of industry, metal processing (spare parts for automobiles and combines), food processing, textiles, and ceramics industries are the most active in the area.

The region has a well-developed transport infrastructure, with over 400 km of railways and 4100 km of surfaced roads. The telecommunication infrastructure is also well developed.

Administrative divisions

Districts of Samarqand Region
District name District capital
1 Bulungur District Bulungur
2 Ishtikhon District Ishtikhon
3 Jomboy District Jomboy
4 Kattakurgan District Paishanba
5 Koshrabot District Koshrabot
6 Narpay District Oqtosh
7 Nurobod District Nurobod
8 Oqdarya District Laish
9 Pakhtachi District Ziadin
10 Payariq District Payariq
11 Pastdargom District Juma
12 Samarqand District Gulabad
13 Toyloq District Toyloq
14 Urgut District Urgut

Latinization of district names according to Samarqand regional web site on gov.uz

References

  1. ^ Information about the Samarkand Region, www.samarqand.uz, accessed on July 21, 2007.
  2. ^ Samarqand Region web site on gov.uz
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