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Santa Rosa-Swift Creek culture

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Title: Santa Rosa-Swift Creek culture  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Swift Creek culture, Yent Mound, Deptford culture, Marksville culture, List of archaeological periods (North America)
Collection: Swift Creek Culture, Woodland Period of North America
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Santa Rosa-Swift Creek culture

A map showing the geographical extent of the Swift Creek culture

The Santa Rosa-Swift Creek culture was characterized by the appearance of elaborate ceremonial complexes, increasing social and political complexity, Bibb County, Georgia.


  1. ^ National Park Service: Woodland
  2. ^ Milanich, Jerald T. (1994). Archaeology of Precolumbian Florida. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. pp. 150–54.  
  3. ^ Bense, Judith A. "Santa Rosa-Swift Creek in Northwest Florida - Chronology". University of West Florida Division of Anthropology and Archaeology. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 


See also

Four Santa Rosa-Swift Creek sites have been radiocarbon dated. Two sites in the Choctawhatchee Bay area have been dated to the period 150 to 450, while two sites in the Pensacola Bay area have been dated to the period 350 to 650. The later dates for the Santa Rosa-Swift Creek culture in the Pensacola Bay area seem to indicate a later adoption of the Santa Rosa-Swift Creek culture, as late Deptford ceramics have been dated to 260 in the Pensacola Bay area, but only to 150 in the Choctawhatchee Bay area. Santa Rosa ceramics appeared in both the Choctawhatchee Bay and Pensacola Bay areas by about 50 BCE.[3]

The Santa Rosa-Swift Creek culture extended over the western half of the Florida panhandle and immediately adjacent parts of Alabama. Sites have been found primarily around estuaries from St. Andrews Bay to Pensacola Bay. It is defined by a mixture of Swift Creek and Santa Rosa pottery types in village middens (Santa Rosa pottery is a variant of Marksville pottery).[2]


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