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Sarikoli language

 

Sarikoli language

Sarikoli
tujik ziv
Native to People's Republic of China
Native speakers
16,000 (2000)[1]
Arabic
Language codes
ISO 639-3 srh
Glottolog sari1246[2]
Linguasphere 58-ABD-eb
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Xinjiang province. Light blue are areas where Sarikoli is spoken.

The Sarikoli language (also Sariqoli, Selekur, Sarikul, Sariqul, Sariköli) is a member of the Pamir subgroup of the Southeastern Iranian languages spoken by Tajiks in China. It is officially referred to in China as the "Tajik language", although it is different from the language spoken in Tajikistan.

Contents

  • Nomenclature 1
  • Distribution of speakers 2
  • Orthography 3
  • Phonology 4
    • Vowels 4.1
    • Consonants 4.2
    • Stress 4.3
  • Vocabulary 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

Nomenclature

Sarikoli is officially referred to as "Tajik" (塔吉克语 Tǎjíkèyǔ) in China.[3] However, it is not closely related to

  • The Tajik Ethnic Group in China

External links

Further reading

  1. ^ Sarikoli at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^
  3. ^ A wide variety of transcriptions of the name "Sarikoli" are used in linguistic discussions, such as 萨里库尔语 Sàlǐkùěryǔ, 萨雷阔勒语 Sàléikuòlèyǔ, 色勒库尔语 Sèlèkùěryǔ, or 撒里科里语 Sǎlǐkēlǐyǔ.
  4. ^ a b c d
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^

References

Lexical comparison of seven Iranian languages together with an English translation[4]
English gloss Persian Tajik Wakhi Pashto Shughni Sarikoli Avestan
one jæk (یک) jak (‍як) ji jaw (يو) jiw iw aēva-
meat ɡuʃt (گوشت) ɡuʃt (гушт) ɡuʂt ɣwaxa, ɣwaʂa (غوښه) ɡuːxt ɡɯxt ?
son pesær (پسر) pisar (писар) putr zoi (زوی) puts pɯts putra
fire ɒteʃ (آتش) otaʃ (оташ) rɯχniɡ or (اور) joːts juts âtar
water ɒb (اب) ob (об) jupk obə (اوبه) xats xats aiwyô, ap
hand dæst (دست) dast (даѕт) ðast lɑs (لاس) ðust ðɯst zasta
foot (پا) po (по) pɯð pxa, pʂa (پښه) poːð peð pad
tooth dændɒn (دندان) dandon (дандон) ðɯnðɯk ɣɑx, ɣɑʂ (غاښ) ðinðʉn ðanðun ?
eye tʃæʃm (چشم) tʃaʃm (чашм) tʂəʐm stərɡa (سترګه) tsem tsem cashman
horse æsb (اسب) asp (асп) jaʃ ɑs (آس) voːrdʒ vurdʒ aspa
cloud æbr (ابر) abr (абр) mur urjadz (اوريځ) abri varm maēγa-
wheat ɡændom (گندم) ɡandum (гандум) ɣɯdim ɣanam (غنم) ʒindam ʒandam ?
many besjɒr (بسيار) bisjor (бисёр) təqi ɖer, pura (ډېر، پوره) bisjoːr pɯr paoiri, paoirîsh, pouru
high bolænd (بلند) baland (баланд) bɯland lwaɻ (لوړ) biland bɯland berezô, berezañt
far dur (دور) dur (дур) ðir ləre (لرې) ðar ðar dûra, dûrât
good χub (خوب) χub (хуб) baf xə, ʂə (ښه) χub tʃardʒ vohu
small kutʃik (کوچک)) χurd (хурд) dzəqlai ləɡ, ləʐ (لږ) dzul dzɯl ?
to say ɡoft (گفت) ɡuft (гуфт) xənak wajəl (ويل) lʉvd levd aoj-, mrû-, sangh-
to do kærd (کرد) kard (кард) tsərak kawəl (کول) tʃiːd tʃeiɡ kar-
to see did (ديد) did (дид) wiŋɡ winəm (وينم) wiːnt wand dî-

Although to a large extent the Sarikoli lexicon is quite close to those of other Eastern Iranian languages, but a large number are words are special to Sarikoli and the closely related Shughni, that are not found in other Eastern Iranian languages like Wakhi, Pashto or Avestan.

Vocabulary

Most words receive stress on the last syllable; however, a minority receive stress on their first syllable. Also, several noun declensions and verb inflections regularly place stress on their first syllable, including the imperative and interrogative.[4]

Stress

Sariqoli consonants according to Russian Iranologist transcription (IPA values in bracelets): p /p/, b /b/, t /t/, d /d/, k /k / c/, g /ɡ ~ ɟ/, q /q/, c /ts/, ʒ /dz/, č /tɕ/, ǰ /dʑ/, s /s/, z /z/, x̌ /x/, γ̌ /ɣ/, f /f/, v /v/, θ /θ/, δ /ð/, x /χ/, γ /ʁ/, š /ɕ/, ž /ʑ/, w /w/, y /j/, m /m/, n /n / ŋ/, l /l/, r /r/

Sarikoli has 29 consonants:

Consonants

a [a], e [e], ɛy [ɛi̯] (dialectal æy or ay [æi̯ / ai̯]), ɛw [ɛu̯] (dialectal æw or aw [æu̯ /au̯]), ə [ə], i [i], o [o / ɔ], u [u], ы [ɯ] (dialectal ů [ʊ]). In some dialects also long variants of those vowels can appear: ā, ē, ī, ō, ū, ы̄, ǝ̄.

Sarikoli vowels as used in Russian works (IPA values in brackets):

Vowels

Phonology

The language has no official written form. Gawarjon, publishing in China, used IPA to transcribe the sounds of Sarikoli in his book and dictionary,[4][8] while Pakhalina, publishing in Russia, used an alphabet similar to that of the Wakhi language in hers.[9][10] The majority of Sarikoli-speakers attend schools using Uyghur as the medium of instruction.

Orthography

It is mutually unintelligible with the related Wakhi language.[7]

The number of speakers is around 35,000; most reside in the Xinjiang Province, China. The Chinese name for the Sarikoli language, as well as the usage of Sarikol as a toponym, is Sèlèkùěr yǔ (色勒庫爾語). Speakers in China typically use Uyghur and Chinese to communicate with people of other ethnic groups in the area. The rest are found in the Pakistani-controlled sector of Kashmir, closely hugging the Pakistan-Chinese international borders.

Distribution of speakers

The earliest written accounts in English, from the 1870s, generally use the name "Sarikoli".[6]

in Xinjiang, China); however, this usage is not widespread among scholars. Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County (now ancient capital of the Sarikoli kingdom after the [5]

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