World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Satish Dhawan Space Centre First Launch Pad

Article Id: WHEBN0025242263
Reproduction Date:

Title: Satish Dhawan Space Centre First Launch Pad  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Satish Dhawan Space Centre, BeeSat-1, RISAT-1, SwissCube-1, Mars Orbiter Mission
Collection: Rocket Launch Sites, Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Space Programme of India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Satish Dhawan Space Centre First Launch Pad

First Launch Pad
Launch site Satish Dhawan Space Centre
Short name FLP
Operator ISRO
Launch pad(s) One
Launch history
Status Active
Launches 23
First launch 20 September 1993
Last launch 30 june 2014
Associated rockets PSLV

The First Launch Pad[1] of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre is a rocket launch site in Sriharikota, India that began operation in 1993. It is currently used by two launch vehicles of the ISRO: the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). It is one of two operational orbital launch pads at the site, the other being the Second Launch Pad,[2] which opened in 2005. The first launch from this pad occurred on 20 September 1993, and was the maiden flight of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle carrying the IRS-1E satellite.


As of November 2013, 19 PSLVs (1 Failure, 1 Partial Success & 17 Fully Successful)[3] and 3 GSLVs (1 Failure & 2 Fully Successful) have been launched from here. The latest one was the successful launch of PSLV-C23 on 30th June 2014 carrying payload from 5 different countries. The launch was attended by the current Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi.


"The individual stages of PSLV or GSLV, their subsystems and the spacecraft are prepared and checked out in separate facilities before they are sent to launch pad for integration A-76-meter tall mobile service tower (MST) facilitates the vertical integration of the vehicle. The foldable working platforms of MST provide access to the vehicle at various elevations. A massive launch pedestal, made up of steel plates, acts as the base on which the vehicle is integrated."[4]

"The spacecraft is integrated to the vehicle in a clean room, set up inside the MST. However, in the case of GSLV, the spacecraft is interfaced with the payload adopter and then encapsulated in the heat shield in the preparation facility itself. The encapsulated assembly is moved to the launch pad for integrating with the 3rd stage of GSLV. The umbilical tower houses the feed lines for liquid propellants and high-pressure gases, checkout cables, and chilled air duct for supplying cool air to the satellite and equipment bay."[4]


  1. ^ "Launch Facility". Indian Space Research Organisation. Retrieved 11 April 2010. 
  2. ^ "ISRO planning big missions this year". New Indian Express (Kerala, India). The New Indian Express. 2013-02-28. Retrieved March 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ See the WorldHeritagen page List of Satish Dhawan Space Centre launches
  4. ^ a b Public domain text sourced from the link - ISRO Launch Facilities
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.