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Saugeen Complex

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Title: Saugeen Complex  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: History of Canada, Swift Creek culture, Trowbridge Archeological Site, Cloverdale archaeological site, Fortified Hill Works
Collection: Hopewellian Peoples, Pre-Columbian Cultures
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Saugeen Complex

Point Peninsula and Saugeen Complexes

The Saugeen Complex was a Native American culture located around the southeast shores of Lake Huron and the Bruce Peninsula, around the London area, and possibly as far east as the Grand River. There is evidence that the Saugeen complex people of the Bruce Peninsula may have evolved into the Odawa people (Ottawa).[1]


  • Hopewell Interaction Sphere 1
  • Saugeen Complex 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Hopewell Interaction Sphere

The Hopewell Exchange system began in the Ohio and Illinois River valleys about 200 BCE. The culture is referred to more as a system of interaction among a variety of societies than as a single society or culture. Hopewell trading networks were quite extensive, ranging from obsidian from the Yellowstone area, copper from Lake Superior, and shells from the Gulf Coast. The Hopewell tradition was not a single culture or society, but a widely dispersed set of related populations. They were connected by a network of trade routes.[2] known as the Hopewell Exchange System. At its greatest extent, the Hopewell exchange system ran from the Southeastern United States into the southeastern Canadian shores of Lake Ontario. Within this area, societies participated in a high degree of exchange with the highest amount of activity along waterways, the easiest transportation routes.[3]

Saugeen Complex

Burial customs of the Saugeen people was similar to those of the nearby Point Peninsula Complex. The evidence from excavations suggests a band size of about 50 individuals. No indications of status differences have been found in excavations, but no mounds in the Saugeen Complex have been excavated. The main distinction between the Saugeen complex and the nearby Point Peninsula Complex peoples seems to be that Saugeen ceramics were cruder in construction and decoration.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b "The Archaeology of Ontario-The Middle Woodland Period". Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  2. ^ Douglas T. Price, and Gary M. Feinman (2008). Images of the Past, 5th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 274–277.  
  3. ^ Fagan, Brian M. (2005). Ancient North America. Thames and Hudson, London. 

External links

  • Radiocarbon Dating the Middle to Late Woodland Transition and Earliest Maize in Southern Ontario

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