World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Scarface (1983 film)

Article Id: WHEBN0000267848
Reproduction Date:

Title: Scarface (1983 film)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Brian De Palma, Scarface: The World Is Yours, Tony Montana, Oliver Stone, Up the Down Steroid
Collection: 1980S Crime Drama Films, 1983 Films, American Crime Drama Films, American Film Remakes, American Films, English-Language Films, Film Remakes, Film Scores by Giorgio Moroder, Films About Drugs, Films About Dysfunctional Families, Films About Immigration, Films Directed by Brian De Palma, Films Set in 1980, Films Set in Bolivia, Films Set in Florida, Films Set in Miami, Florida, Films Set in New York City, Films Shot in Florida, Films Shot in Los Angeles, California, Films Shot in Miami, Florida, Films Shot in New York City, Gangster Films, Scarface (1983 Film), Screenplays by Oliver Stone, Universal Pictures Films
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Scarface (1983 film)

Scarface
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Brian De Palma
Produced by Martin Bregman
Screenplay by Oliver Stone
Based on Scarface 
by Ben Hecht
Starring
Music by Giorgio Moroder
Cinematography John A. Alonzo
Edited by
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release dates
  • December 1, 1983 (1983-12-01) (New York City)
  • December 9, 1983 (1983-12-09) (United States)
Running time
170 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $25 million[2]
Box office $65.9 million[3]

Scarface is a 1983 American crime drama film directed by Brian De Palma and written by Oliver Stone, a remake of the 1932 film of the same name. The film tells the story of Cuban refugee Tony Montana (Al Pacino) who arrives in 1980s Miami with nothing and rises to become a powerful drug kingpin. The cast also features Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, Steven Bauer, and Michelle Pfeiffer.

Scarface was released on December 9, 1983 and was a box office success, grossing $44 million. Initial critical reception was mixed, with criticism over excessive violence and profanity and graphic drug usage. Some Cuban expatriates in Miami objected to the film's portrayal of Cubans as criminals and drug traffickers. In the years that followed, the film has received reappraisal from critics and is considered by some to be one of the best within the mob film genre. Screenwriters and directors such as Martin Scorsese have praised the film, and it has since resulted in many cultural references, such as in rap music, comic books, and video games.

Contents

  • Plot 1
  • Cast 2
  • Production 3
    • Development 3.1
    • Casting 3.2
    • Filming 3.3
    • Rating 3.4
  • Release 4
    • Reception 4.1
    • Box office 4.2
    • Home media 4.3
  • Music 5
  • Legacy 6
  • Sequel 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Plot

In 1980, Cuban refugee Antonio "Tony" Montana (Al Pacino) arrives in Miami, where he is sent to a refugee camp with his best friend Manny Ribera (Steven Bauer) and their associates Angel (Pepe Serna) and Chi-Chi (Ángel Salazar). The four are released from the camp in exchange for assassinating a former Cuban government official at the request of wealthy drug dealer Frank Lopez (Robert Loggia), and they are given green cards. They become dishwashers in a diner.

Frank's henchman Omar Suarez (F. Murray Abraham) gives the group the opportunity to purchase cocaine from Colombian dealers, but the deal collapses. Angel is dismembered with a chainsaw, while Manny and Chi-Chi rescue Tony and kill the Colombians. Suspecting that Omar betrayed them, Tony and Manny insist on personally delivering the recovered drugs and money to Frank. During their meeting, Tony is instantly attracted to Frank's girlfriend Elvira Hancock (Michelle Pfeiffer). He and Manny are hired to work for Frank.

Months later, Tony visits his mother Georgina (Bolivia to meet with cocaine kingpin Alejandro Sosa (Paul Shenar). Tony negotiates a deal without Frank's approval, angering Omar, who leaves to contact Frank. Sosa claims that Omar is a police informant and then has Tony witness as a beaten Omar is pushed from a helicopter to his death. Tony vouches for Frank's organization, so Sosa agrees to the deal, parting with a warning that Tony should never betray him.

Back in Miami, Frank is infuriated by Omar's demise and the unauthorized deal struck by Tony, resulting in Tony establishing his own organization. He also informs Elvira of his personal interest in her. At a nightclub, corrupt detective Mel Bernstein (Harris Yulin) attempts to extort money from Tony in return for police protection and information. Tony angers Frank further by openly pursuing Elvira in the club. Gina is also there, and Tony notices her dancing and being groped by a man. He angrily confronts Gina before having Manny take her home.

Hit men attempt to assassinate Tony, but he escapes from the club. Tony, Manny, and Chi-Chi go to Frank's office, certain that his former boss sent both Bernstein and the assassins. They find him there with Bernstein. At gunpoint, Frank confesses to his involvement and begs for his life, but he and Bernstein are both killed.

Tony marries Elvira and becomes the dealer of Sosa's supplies. He builds a multimillion-dollar empire, living in a vast, heavily guarded estate. By 1983, however, Tony becomes increasingly paranoid as he and Elvira excessively use cocaine. His money launderer demands a greater percentage, while Manny grows resentful of Tony taking sole credit for their success. A sting by federal agents results in Tony being charged with money laundering and tax evasion. Sosa offers to use his government connections to keep Tony out of jail, but only if Tony first assassinates a journalist intending to expose Sosa.

Later, Tony pushes his best friend Manny and wife Elvira further away by publically blaming his friend for his arrest and accusing his wife of being infertile because of her drug use. He travels without them to New York City, where he, Chi-Chi, and Sosa's henchman Alberto (Mark Margolis) prepare an ambush. Alberto plants a bomb on the journalist's car, but the intended victim is unexpectedly accompanied by his wife and children, so Tony calls off the mission. Alberto insists on continuing, but Tony becomes enraged and kills him. Returning home, Tony is contacted by Sosa, who is furious and ends their partnership.

Tony goes looking for Manny and Gina, both of whom have been missing for several days. He finds them together with Gina in a state of near-undress, and kills Manny. A devastated Gina tells Tony that she and Manny had just gotten married the day before and were planning to surprise him. Tony returns to his mansion, where he buries his face in a large mound of cocaine. Sosa's men invade the mansion and kill Tony's men. A drugged Gina accuses her brother of wanting her for himself, points a gun at Tony, and wounds him. One of Sosa's men then shoots and kills her. Tony becomes distraught at the sight of Gina's corpse and, in a cocaine-fueled fury, he turns a grenade-launcher-equipped M-16 on Sosa's men, mowing down many. Tony is repeatedly shot, but continues to fight until he is shot in the back. His body falls into a fountain below, in front of a statue reading "The World is Yours."

Cast

Michelle Pfeiffer was an unknown actress when she appeared in Scarface, and both star Al Pacino and director Brian De Palma initially argued against her casting.[4]

The cast also includes: Ted Beniades as Seidelbaum; and Richard Belzer as Octavio the Clown.

Production

Development

Oliver Stone in 2010. He wrote the script for Scarface while struggling with his own addiction to cocaine.

Scarface began development after Al Pacino saw the 1932 film of the same name at the Tiffany Theater while in Los Angeles. He later called his manager, producer Martin Bregman, and informed him of his belief in the potential for a remake of that film.[4] Pacino originally wanted to retain the period piece aspect, but realized that because of its melodramatic nature it would be difficult to accomplish.[5] Sidney Lumet became attached as the director, developing the idea for Montana to be Cuban arriving in America during the Mariel boatlift.[4][6]

Bregman and Lumet's creative differences saw Lumet drop out of the project. Lumet had wanted to make a more political story that focused on blaming the current Presidential administration for the influx of cocaine into the United States, and Bregman disagreed with Lumet's views.[7][5] Bregman replaced him with

External links

  •  
  • Tucker, Ken (2011) [2008]. Scarface Nation: The Ultimate Gangster Movie and How It Changed America (ebook ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press.  
Bibliography
  1. ^ "Scarface".  
  2. ^ "Scarface (1983) - Financial Information".  
  3. ^ a b "Scarface (1983) (1983)".  
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Miller, Julie (August 24, 2011). "Al Pacino Did Not Want Michelle Pfeiffer For Scarface and 8 Other Revelations About the Gangster Classic".  
  5. ^ a b c d
    • "Reflections On Scarface (Page 2)".  
    • "Reflections On Scarface (Page 3)".  
    • "Reflections On Scarface (Page 4)".  
    • "Reflections On Scarface (Page 5)".  
  6. ^ a b Chapman, Matt (August 24, 2011). "Al Pacino and the cast and crew talk Scarface".  
  7. ^ a b Priggé 2005, p. 121.
  8. ^ "15 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Scarface".  
  9. ^ "The Total Film Interview - Oliver Stone".  
  10. ^ a b "15 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Scarface".  
  11. ^ "15 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Scarface".  
  12. ^ a b c Susman, Gary (December 9, 2013). Scarface': 25 Things You Didn't Know About Al Pacino's Classic Crime Drama"'".  
  13. ^ "15 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Scarface".  
  14. ^ "15 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Scarface".  
  15. ^ Willet, Megan (October 30, 2012). "Go Inside The 'Scarface' Mansion That's Available for $30,000 A Month".  
  16. ^ Cronin, Brian (July 17, 2013). "Movie Legends Revealed - The Strange Tale of How ‘Scarface’ Beat the X Rating". SpinOff.  
  17. ^ 1983 Article about the rating of the film.
  18. ^ "Wireimage Listings: Scarface Premiere: Dec 1, 1983". Wireimage. December 1, 1983. Archived from the original on 2011-12-06. Retrieved July 20, 2007. 
  19. ^ Emmis Communications (1984). Texas Monthly. Emmis Communications. pp. 136–.  
  20. ^ New York Media, LLC (19 December 1983). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC. pp. 70–.  
  21. ^ "Scarred for Life". The Palm Beach Post via The Age. October 11, 2003. Archived from the original on 2011-06-28. Retrieved July 20, 2007. 
  22. ^  
  23. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 9, 1983). "Scarface".  
  24. ^ Canby, Vincent (December 9, 1983). "Scarface"Al Pacino Stars in .  
  25. ^ Maltin, Leonard (August 5, 2008). "Leonard Maltin's 2009 Movie Guide".  
  26. ^ Ansen, David (December 12, 1983). "Gunning Their Way to Glory".  
  27. ^ Scott, Jay (December 9, 1983). "A Castro cast-off cut from cardboard Scarface: the scuzziest of them all".  
  28. ^ Arnold, Gary (December 9, 1983). "Al Pacino, the New Gangster, Saddled With Old Cliches".  
  29. ^ "Scarface". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on 2010-01-17. Retrieved August 11, 2011. 
  30. ^ "December 9-11, 1983".  
  31. ^ "Fonda Still Working Out (best-selling VHS and Beta tapes of the week)". The Miami Herald. June 16, 1984. Retrieved March 16, 2007. 
  32. ^ "TV Listings for - January 7, 1989". TV Tango. January 7, 1989. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved November 11, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Scarface| Trailers from Hell". trailersfromhell.com. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  34. ^ Doogan, Todd (September 3, 1998). "DVD Review - Scarface: Collector's Edition". The Digital bits. Archived from the original on 2011-11-07. Retrieved March 16, 2007. 
  35. ^ "Scarface (1983) on DVD & Blu-ray". Universal Studios Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved August 11, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Universal Presents 'Scarface' Blu-ray Fan Art Contest". Home Media Magazine. March 25, 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved August 11, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Scarface Blu-ray Announced (Update)". Blu-ray. March 25, 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved August 11, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Interview with Brian De Palma".  
  39. ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10".  
  40. ^ "The 50 greatest heroes and the 50 greatest villains of all times" (PDF).  
  41. ^ "The Top 50 Cult Films".  
  42. ^ "Empire's 500 Greatest Movies of All Time". Empire Magazine. 2011-12-02. Archived from the original on 2013-11-05. Retrieved 2011-12-02. 
  43. ^ "The 30 Greatest Gangster Movies".  
  44. ^ "15 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Scarface".  
  45. ^ "15 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Scarface".  
  46. ^ [1]
  47. ^ The Shooting Range, Treats Magazine, March 2013
  48. ^ Dark Horse Comics > Profile > Scarface Vol. 1: The Beginning
  49. ^ DH Press Books: Current Titles Archived March 31, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  50. ^ IDW Publishing; 'Scarface: Scarred For Life' Archived May 23, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  51. ^ Welch, Hanuman (September 19, 2013). "The "Grand Theft Auto" Protagonists and Their Real Life Counterparts".  
  52. ^ "A Totally Rad Roundup of 80s Flicks in Honor of Vice City".  
  53. ^
    • "The Making Of Grand Theft Auto: Vice City".  
    • "The Making Of Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (Page 2)".  
  54. ^ "Son of Tony". Ozone Magazine. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved January 2, 2007. 
  55. ^ "Cuban Link Starts His Chain Reaction". Latin Rapper. Archived from the original on 2014-04-02. Retrieved January 2, 2007. 
  56. ^ Fleming, M. "Universal Preps New ‘Scarface’ Movie." Deadline.com (September 21, 2011) Archived November 5, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  57. ^ Fleming, M. "David Ayer To Script Updated ‘Scarface’." Deadline.com (November 29, 2011) Archived April 7, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  58. ^ David Yates In Final Talks For ‘Scarface’ Helm Now Universal “Very High” On Script Archived April 7, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  59. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Spider-Man 4 Circling John Malkovich, Anne Hathaway". The Wrap. March 24, 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-04-21. Retrieved March 24, 2014. 
  60. ^ Siegel, Tatian (March 18, 2015). Scarface' Remake Moving Forward With 'Straight Outta Compton' Writer (Exclusive)"'". hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved March 22, 2015. 

References

See also

On March 24, 2014, The Wrap reported that Pablo Larraín is in negotiations to direct the film, along with Paul Attanasio writing the film's script. The film's update will be an original story set in modern-day Los Angeles that follows a Mexican immigrant's rise in the criminal underworld as he strives for the American Dream.[59] Jonathan Herman was set in March 2015 to rewrite both drafts of the script.[60]

Universal announced in 2011 that the studio is developing a new version of Scarface. The studio stated that the new film is neither a sequel nor a remake, but will take elements from both this version and its 1932 predecessor, including the basic premise: a man who becomes a kingpin in his quest for the American Dream. Martin Bregman produced the 1983 remake and will produce this version also,[56] with a screenplay by David Ayer,[57] and David Yates in talks to direct the film.[58]

In 2001, plans were made for hip hop artist Cuban Link to write and star in a sequel to Scarface titled Son of Tony.[54] The plans drew both praise and criticism and, after several years, Cuban Link indicated that he may no longer be involved with the project as the result of movie rights issues and creative control.[55]

Sequel

Among other films, Scarface served as a major inspiration for the 2002 award-winning video game Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, which took place in a representation of 1980s' Miami and featured music from the film's soundtrack, as well as a recreation of Montana's mansion.[51][52][53] Scarface got its own direct tie-in with the 2006 video games Scarface: The World Is Yours and Scarface: Money. Power. Respect..

Dark Horse Comics' imprint DH Press released a novel called Scarface: The Beginning by L. A. Banks.[48][49] IDW publishing released a limited series called Scarface: Scarred For Life. It starts with corrupt police officers finding that Tony has survived the final mansion showdown. Tony works at rebuilding his criminal empire, similar to the game The World Is Yours.[50]

[47] In 2010, artist

American rapper Nas compared himself to Tony Montana and compared rapper Jay-Z to Manolo, both characters from Scarface, on Nas' track "Last Real Nigga Alive" from his album God's Son, during the time of the high profile feud between the two.[46]

Pacino was already an established successful actor, but Scarface helped launch Pfeiffer's and Mastrantonio's careers, both of whom were relatively unknown beforehand, and both went on to individual successes.[12] In June 2008, the American Film Institute revealed its "Ten Top Ten", the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres, after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. Scarface was listed as the 10th best in the gangster film genre, while the original 1932 film was also on the list as 6th best. This made Scarface the only remake to appear in the same "Ten Top Ten" list as the film that inspired it.[39] The line "Say hello to my little friend!" (spoken by Montana) took 61st place on AFI's 100 Movie Quotes list, and Tony Montana was nominated as a villain on AFI's list of the 100 Heroes & Villains.[40] Entertainment Weekly ranked the film #8 on their list of "The Top 50 Cult Films,"[41] and Empire Magazine placed it among the top 500 films of all time, at #284.[42] In 2010, VH1 rated the movie at number 5 in its list of 100 greatest movies of all time. In 2009, Total Film listed it at number 9 on their list of the 30 Greatest Gangster movies.[43] Scarface was the first film in which the expletive "fuck" is used persistently, 226 times in total.[44] The company set up by former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein to launder money was named Montana Management after Pacino's character.[45]

Legacy

The synthesized new wave, electronic music. De Palma says that he has repeatedly denied Universal's requests to release the film with a "rap score" because he feels Moroder's score is already perfect.[38]

Music

Universal also launched a "National Fan Art Contest" via Facebook. The top 25 submissions selected by Universal were entered in a poll where fans voted on their 10 favorite works to be featured as art cards in the Blu-ray set. The Grand-Prize winner had their artwork featured on a billboard in a major US city in order to promote the release. To celebrate the release of Scarface on Blu-ray, Universal Studios and Fathom Events teamed up to make a Scarface Special Event. The event included Scarface coming back to select theaters nationwide for one night only on Wednesday, August 31, 2011. A twenty-minute documentary on how the film impacted the world today also featured.

A special gift set, limited to 1,000 copies, features the Blu-ray set housed in a cigar humidor, designed by humidor craftsman Daniel Marshall. The humidor box set retailed at $999.99.[37]

Scarface was released on Blu-ray Disc on September 6, 2011 in a two-disc, limited edition, steelbox package.[35] The set contains a remastered, 1080p widescreen transfer of the film in 7.1 DTS-HD Master Audio surround sound, as well as a digital copy. Disc two is a DVD of the 1932 Scarface, featuring a TMC-produced introduction by Robert Osborne and an alternate ending. Bonus features include The Making of Scarface documentary, and a new retrospective documentary: The Scarface Phenomenon.[36]

The film received a North American DVD release on the film's fifteenth anniversary in 1998 featuring a non-anamorphic widescreen transfer, a "Making of" documentary, outtakes, production notes, and cast and crew biographies. This release was not successful, and many fans and reviewers complained about its unwatchable video transfer and muddled sound, describing it as "one of the worst big studio releases out there".[34] In 2003, a 20th anniversary re-release, featured two documentaries — including a new interview with Steven Bauer and another produced by Def Jam Recordings featuring interviews with various rappers on the film's cult status in the hip hop world.

The television version of Scarface premiered on ABC on January 7, 1989.[32] 32 minutes of violence, profanity and sex were edited out, and much of the dialog, including the constant use of the word "fuck", which was muted after the beginning of "f-" or replaced with less offensive alternatives.[33]

Scarface was initially released by MCA Home Video on VHS, CED Videodisc, Laserdisc, and Beta in the summer of 1984 – a two-tape set in 1.33:1 pan and scan ratio – and quickly became a bestseller, preluding its cult status.[31] A 2.35:1 Widescreen VHS would follow years later in 1998 to coincide with the special edition DVD release. The last VHS release was in 2003 to counterpart the 20th anniversary edition DVD.

Home media

Scarface was released theatrically in North America on December 9, 1983. The film earned $4.5 million from 996 theaters during its opening weekend, an average of $4,616 per theater, and ranking as the second-highest grossing film of the weekend behind Sudden Impact ($9.6 million), which debuted the same weekend. It went on to earn $45.4 million in North America and $20.4 million from other markets, for a total of $65.8 million. This figure made Scarface the 16th highest grossing film of 1983, and seventh highest grossing R-rated film in North America for 1983.[3][30]

Box office

Pacino earned a nomination for Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama, and Bauer was nominated for Best Supporting Actor, as well. De Palma was nominated for (but did not win) a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director.

Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes offers a contemporary interpretation of the film's reception, providing an 83% approval rating from 65 critics – an average rating of 7.5 out of 10 – with the following consensus: "Director Brian De Palma and star Al Pacino take it to the limit in this stylized, ultra-violent and eminently quotable gangster epic that walks a thin white line between moral drama and celebratory excess."[29] Metacritic gives it an average score of 65/100.

In his review for Newsweek, David Ansen wrote, "If Scarface makes you shudder, it's from what you think you see and from the accumulated tension of this feral landscape. It's a grand, shallow, decadent entertainment, which like all good Hollywood gangster movies delivers the punch and counterpunch of glamour and disgust".[26] Jay Scott writes in his review for the Globe and Mail, "For a while, Al Pacino is hypnotic as Montana. But the effort expended on the flawless Cuban accent and the attempts to flesh out a character cut from inch-thick cardboard are hopeless."[27] In his review for the Washington Post, Gary Arnold wrote, "A movie that appeared intent on revealing an alarmingly contemporary criminal subculture gradually reverts to underworld cliche, covering its derivative tracks with outrageous decor and an apocalyptic, production number finale, ingeniously choreographed to leave the antihero floating face down in a literal bloodbath."[28]

Leonard Maltin was among those critics who held a negative opinion of Scarface. He gave the film 1½ stars out of four, stating that Scarface "wallows in excess and unpleasantness for nearly three hours, and offers no new insights except that crime doesn't pay. At least the 1932 movie moved." Maltin included an addendum to his review in later editions of his annual movie guide, stating his surprise with the film's newfound popularity as a cult-classic.[25]

Roger Ebert rated it four stars out of four in his 1983 review, and he later added it to his "Great Movies" list.[22] Ebert wrote, "DePalma and his writer, Oliver Stone, have created a gallery of specific individuals, and one of the fascinations of the movie is that we aren't watching crime-movie clichés, we're watching people who are criminals."[23] Vincent Canby praised the film in the New York Times: "The dominant mood of the film is... bleak and futile: what goes up must always come down. When it comes down in Scarface, the crash is as terrifying as it is vivid and arresting."[24]

According to AMC's "DVD TV: Much More Movie" airing, Cher loved it; Lucille Ball came with her family and hated it because of the graphic violence and language; and Dustin Hoffman was said to have fallen asleep. Writers Kurt Vonnegut and John Irving were among those who allegedly walked out in disgust after the notorious chainsaw scene. At the middle of the film, Scorsese turned to Bauer and told him, "You guys are great – but be prepared, because they're going to hate it in Hollywood... because it's about them."[21]

The initial release of Scarface was met with a negative critical response,[4] and drew controversy regarding the violence and graphic language in the film.[19] The New York Magazine defined it as an empty, bullying, and overblown B movie.[20]

Reception

Scarface premiered on December 1, 1983 in New York City, where it was initially greeted with mixed reaction. The film's two stars, Al Pacino and Steven Bauer, were joined in attendance by Burt and Diane Lane, Melanie Griffith, Raquel Welch, Joan Collins, her boyfriend Peter Holm, and Eddie Murphy, among others.[18] The limited, 20th anniversary theatrical re-release in 2003 boasted a remastered soundtrack with enhanced sound effects and music.

Release

In response, De Palma argued that, if the latest version of the film was now considered an R, then his original version would also be rated R, rationalizing that the edits which he made were minor. The MPAA told De Palma that only his latest edit would be certified as an R. De Palma believed that the changes were so slight that no one would notice if he released his original version anyway, which he ultimately did.[16][17]

Scarface was given an Richard Heffner later admitted that he could have fought harder to retain the X rating, but he believed that Valenti did not support the decision, as he did not want to alienate the big film studios. The decision was overwhelmingly in favor of releasing the film with a less restrictive R rating.

Rating

Despite its Miami setting, much of the film was actually shot in Los Angeles, as the Miami Tourist board was afraid that the film would deter tourism with its depiction of the state as a haven for drugs and gangsters.[14] Tony's opulent Miami mansion was portrayed by El Fureidis, a Roman-styled mansion in Santa Barbara, California.[15]

Pacino was injured during rehearsals for a gunfight after he grabbed the barrel of a prop gun which had just been used to fire several dummy bullets. His hand stuck to the hot barrel and he was unable to remove it immediately; the injury sidelined him for two weeks. The gunfight scene also includes a single camera shot directed by Steven Spielberg, who was visiting the set at the time.[13] During filming, some Cuban-Americans objected to the film's Cuban-American characters being portrayed as criminals by non-Cuban-American actors. To counter this, the film features a disclaimer during its credits stating that the film characters were not representative of the Cuban-American community.[12] The entertainment industry initially hated the film, with actress Liza Minnelli asking Pacino what he had done to leave the insiders subdued at a post-screening meal. (Minnelli had not seen the film at the time.) However, during the meal, actor Eddie Murphy told Pacino that he loved the film.[4]

Filming

Bauer got his role without even auditioning. During the audition process, casting director Alixe Gordin saw Bauer and instantly noted that he was right for the role of Manny, a judgment with which both De Palma and Bregman agreed. He was the only actual Cuban in the principal cast. John Travolta was considered for the role.[4][10][12]

Pfeiffer was an unknown actress at the time, and both Pacino and De Palma had argued against her casting, but Bregman fought for her inclusion.[4] Glenn Close was the original choice for the role, while others were also considered, including Geena Davis, Carrie Fisher, Kelly McGillis, Sharon Stone, and Sigourney Weaver.[11]

Pacino insisted on taking the lead role as Tony Montana, although Robert De Niro was offered it but turned it down.[4][10] Pacino worked with experts in knife combat, trainers, and boxer Roberto Duran to attain the body type that he wanted for the role. Duran also helped inspire the character, who had "a certain lion in him", according to Pacino. Meryl Streep's immigrant character in Sophie's Choice (1982) also influenced Pacino's portrayal of Tony Montana. Bauer and a dialect coach helped him learn aspects of the Cuban Spanish language and pronunciation.[5]

Casting

[9][5] Stone moved to Paris to write the script, believing he could not break his addiction while in the United States, stating in a 2003 interview that he was completely off drugs at the time "because I don't think cocaine helps writing. It's very destructive to the brain cells."[7]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.