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Schizocarp

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Title: Schizocarp  
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Subject: Fruit, Apiaceae, Aceraceae, Fruits, Lovage
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Schizocarp

The indehiscent (remaining closed) schizocarp of Malva moschata will later split into segments called mericarps.

A schizocarp is a dry fruit that, when mature, splits up into mericarps.

There are different definitions:

  • Any dry fruit composed of multiple carpels that separate.[1]
Under this definition the mericarps can contain one or more seeds (the mericarps of Abutilon have two or more seeds[2]) and each mericarp can be either:
  • Indehiscent (remaining closed), such as in the carrot and other Umbelliferae or in members of the genus Malva, or
  • Dehiscent (splitting open to release the seed), for example members of the genus Geranium. This is similar to what happens with a capsule, but with an extra stage. (In Abutilon, the mericarp is sometimes only partially dehiscent and does not release the seed.)

References

  1. ^ "Merriam-Webster Dictionary". 
  2. ^ Western New Mexico University Department of Natural Sciences
  3. ^ Bell, A.D. (1997). Plant form: an illustrated guide to flowering plant morphology. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press. 

External links

  • : Schizocarps of Filaree and CheeseweedWayne's Word
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