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Title: Self-archiving  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Open access, Open-access mandate, Preprint, Research, Bebop (software)
Collection: Academic Publishing, Communication, Open Access (Publishing), Research
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Self-archiving is the act of (the author's) depositing a free copy of an electronic document online in order to provide open access to it.[1] The term usually refers to the self-archiving of peer-reviewed research journal and conference articles, as well as theses and book chapters, deposited in the author's own institutional repository or open archive for the purpose of maximizing its accessibility, usage and citation impact. The term green open access has become common in recent years, distinguishing this approach from gold open access, where the journal itself makes the articles publicly available without charge to the reader.[2]


  • Origins 1
  • Implementation 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Self-archiving was first explicitly proposed as a universal practice by Stevan Harnad in his 1994 online posting "Subversive Proposal" (later published in Association of Research Libraries[3]) although computer scientists had been practicing self-archiving in anonymous FTP archives since at least the 1980s (see CiteSeer) and physicists had been doing it since the early 1990s on the web (see arXiv).

As of September 2015, 78% of the 2107 publishers registered in the SHERPA/RoMEO publisher policy index endorse self-archiving by authors of the preprint and/or postprint versions of their papers.[4]


A majority of journals endorse unembargoed self-archiving of the postprint, immediately upon acceptance for publication. Other journals impose an embargo of 6–12 months or more on making the article open access.

Some publishers, such as Cambridge University Press[5] or the American Geophysical Union,[6] endorse self-archiving of the final published version of the article, not just peer-reviewed final drafts.

Whereas the right to self-archive postprints is often a copyright matter (if the rights have been transferred to the publisher), the right to self-archive preprints is merely a question of journal policy.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Harnad, S. (2001). "The Self-Archiving Initiative".  
  2. ^ Harnad, S., Brody, T., Vallieres, F., Carr, L., Hitchcock, S., Gingras, Y, Oppenheim, C., Stamerjohanns, H., & Hilf, E. (2004) The Access/Impact Problem and the Green and Gold Roads to Open Access. Serials Review 30.
  3. ^ Okerson, A. S. & O'Donnell, J. J. eds. (1995). Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing. Association of Research Libraries. Retrieved from
  4. ^ "Statistics for the 2107 publishers in the RoMEO database". Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  5. ^ Cambridge University Press. "Cambridge Journals Online: Open Access Options". 
  6. ^ American Geophysical Union. "Usage Permissions". 
  7. ^ Self-Archiving FAQ

External links

  • "Self-Archiving FAQ for the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI)". 
  • "Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving". SHERPA/RoMEO. 
  • "ROARMAP: Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies". 
  • Harnad, Stevan (1991). "Post-Gutenberg Galaxy: The Fourth Revolution in the Means of Production of Knowledge". The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 2 (1): 39–53. Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  • Harnad, Stevan (1995). "The Post-Gutenberg Galaxy: How to Get There from Here". The Information Society 11 (4): 285–291.  
  • Stevan Harnad (2003). "Online Archives for Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications". In John Feather & Paul Sturges. International Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. Routledge. 
  • Harnad,Stevan (2005). "Fast-Forward on the Green Road to Open Access: The Case Against Mixing Up Green and Gold". Ariadne 42. 
  • Harnad, Stevan (2005). "Making the case for web-based self-archiving". Research Money 19 (16). 
  • Harnad, Stevan; Brody, T. (2004). "Comparing the Impact of Open Access (OA) vs. Non-OA Articles in the Same Journals". D-Lib Magazine 10 (6).  Japanese translation
  • Swan, A. (2005). Open access self-archiving: An Introduction. (Report). JISC, HEFCE. 
  • Swan, A., Needham, P., Probets, S., Muir, A., Oppenheim, C., O’Brien, A., Hardy, R., Rowland, F. and Brown, S. (2005). "Developing a model for e-prints and open access journal content in UK further and higher education". Learned Publishing 18 (1): 25–40.  
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