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Senatorial province

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Title: Senatorial province  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Roman Empire, Creta et Cyrenaica, Lycia et Pamphylia, Asia (Roman province), List of governors of Roman Egypt
Collection: Historical Regions, Provinces of the Roman Empire, Types of Country Subdivisions
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Senatorial province

Roman Empire in 117 AD. Senatorial provinces are shown in pink.

A senatorial province (Latin: provincia populi Romani, province of the Roman people) was a Roman province during the Principate where the Roman Senate had the right to appoint the governor (proconsul). These provinces were away from the outer borders of the Roman Empire and free from the likelihood of rebellion, and so had few, if any, legions stationed in them (thus lessening the chance the Senate might try to seize power from the Emperor). They were often along the Mediterranean Sea.

The provinces were grouped into imperial provinces and senatorial provinces shortly after the accession of Augustus.

In AD 14, the following provinces were senatorial provinces (Strabo, book 17.3.25):

  • Note: Italia was not a senatorial province and was not administered by a governor it was governed by the Roman Senate.
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