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Settlement movement (Israel)

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Title: Settlement movement (Israel)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kibbutz Movement, Poalei Agudat Yisrael, Hamadia, Negba, Alma, Israel
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Settlement movement (Israel)

Settlement movement (kibbutzim, moshavim, moshavim shitufiim, and communal settlements. It is not related to the term Israeli settlement, which denotes settlements outside the Green Line.

Most kibbutzim are members of either the Amana.

In the past there were several other organisations; the Kibbutz Movement was formed by a merger of the Ahdut HaAvoda and Ihud HaKvutzot veHaKibbutzim with Mapai and Labour.

To the extent that kibbutzim, moshavim, and moshavim shitufiim are agricultural cooperatives based on individual membership, the national settlement movements in Israel are viewed as secondary cooperatives or cooperative federations, whose members are lower-level primary cooperatives.

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