World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Shamsunnahar Mahmud

Shamsunnahar Mahmud
Born 1908
Feni District
Died 1964
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Education Diocesan College of Calcutta
Occupation writer, politician and educator
Spouse(s) Dr Sahiduddin Mahmud

Shamsunnahar Mahmud (Bengali: শামসুন্নাহার মাহমুদ) (1908–1964) was a writer, politician and educator in Bengal during the early 20th century. She was a leader of Islamic feminism in Bengal after the death of Roquia Sakhawat Hussain.[1]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Family 2
  • Career 3
  • Works 4
    • Magazines 4.1
    • Other works 4.2
  • Notes 5
  • References 6

Early life

Her father, Mohammad Nurullah, was a Munsiff the son of Khan Bahadur Abdul Aziz and the father of Habibullah Bahar Chowdhury, who was Mahmud's brother. She was born in 1908 in Feni District.

Her childhood was spent in purdah in Chittagong. She had a male Hindu tutor, but a cloth wall was set between them during teaching[2] Shamsunnahar commenced her studies at Dr. Khastagir Government Girls' School in Chittagong, and matriculated in 1926 as an independent student. In 1927, she married Wahiuddin Mahmud, who pushed his wife to pursue further studies. She received her I.A. in 1928 and B.A. in 1932 at the Diocesan College of Calcutta. After receiving the B.A., her achievement was commemorated in a reception held for her at the Sakhawat Memorial High School. In this reception, Roquia Sakhawat Hussain herself extolled her achievements as both pioneering and honorable.[3] In 1942 she completed her M.A. in the Bengali language.[4] After her studies she joined a feminist movement pioneered by Roquia Sakhawat Hussain, a prominent social reformer.[5]

Family

She was married to Dr. Wahiduddin Mahmud, the Surgeon General of then East Pakistan. She gave birth to two sons, the elder being Mamun Mahmud, a martyred freedom fighter during the 1971 Liberation war of Bangladesh, and Mainuddin Mahmud, an ex cricketer and sports enthusiast.

Career

Her career began as she taught the Bengali language at Lady Brabourne College. While domiciled in Kolkatta, she became acquainted with Kazi Nazrul Islam, and the latter inspired to former to begin writing.

She worked as the secretary for the Nikhil Banga Muslim Mahila Samity ("All Bengal Muslim Women's Society"). She visited Asia's regional director and made visits to several Western countries, including the United States, England, France, and Italy. In 1961, she established a Center for Disabled children and was elected to the National Assembly in 1962.[4]

Works

Magazines

  • Angur (Grapes)
  • Naoroz (New Dawn)
  • Atmashakti(Self-strength[6])
  • Bulbul, 1933

Other works

  • Punyamayi, 1925
  • Phulbagicha, 1935
  • Begum Mahal, 1936
  • Roquia Jibani (The first biography of Roquia Sakhawat Hussain,[7] 1937
  • Shishur Shiksa, 1939
  • Amar Dekha Turaska, 1956
  • Nazrulke Yeman Dekhechhi , 1958

Notes

  1. ^ Banu 135
  2. ^ Amin 158
  3. ^ Amin 159
  4. ^ a b Mahmud, Shamsunnahar Banglapedia
  5. ^ History in black and white The Hindu - February 1, 2007
  6. ^ Glossary of Sanskrit Terms in Integral Yoga Literature - Integral Yoga
  7. ^ Papanek 39

References

  • Amin, Sonia. The World of Muslim Women in Colonial Bengal, 1876-1939. BRILL, 1996. ISBN 90-04-10642-1
  • Banu, U. A. B. Razia Akter.Islam in Bangladesh. BRILL, 1992. ISBN 90-04-09497-0
  • Papanek, Hanna.Sultana's Dream: And Selections from the Secluded Ones. Feminist Press, 1988. ISBN 0-935312-83-8
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.