World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shaykh Haydar

Article Id: WHEBN0023834114
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shaykh Haydar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ottoman persecution of Alevis, Bektashism and folk religion, Safavid dynasty, Haydar, Safavid dynasty family tree
Collection: 15Th-Century Iranian People, Safavid Dynasty, Safaviyeh Order
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Shaykh Haydar

Shaykh Haydar or Sheikh Haydar was the successor of his father (Shaykh Junayd) as leader of the Safaviyya from 1460-1488. Haydar maintained the policies and political ambitions initiated by his father. Under Sheikh Haydar, the Safaviyya became crystallized as a political movement with an increasingly extremist heterodox Twelver Shi'i coloring and Haydar was viewed as a divine figure by his followers.[1] Shaykh Haydar was responsible for instructing his followers to adopt the scarlet headgear of 12 gores commemorating The Twelve Imams, which led to them being designated by the Turkish term Qizilbash "Red Head".[2]


  • History 1
  • Succession 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4


In 1469-70, Haydar was installed in Ardabil by his uncle Uzun Hassan, who had defeated Jahan Shah of Kara Koyunlu dynasty at the Battle of Chapakchur and established his own authority over its former domains. The Safaviyya return to Ardabil prompted an influx of Haydar’s followers from northern Syria and eastern Anatolia to Ardabil to be beside him.[3] Soon after, in 1471-1472, Haydar married Uzun Hassan’s daughter Halima, daughter of Despina Khatun, daughter of John IV of Trebizond).[4][5][6] This marriage produced three sons: Sultan Ali Safawi, Ibrahim Mirza and Ismail I.[7][8]

Probably knowing that his forces were not strong enough to try conclusions with the Aq Qoyunlu, Haydar let his forces on a razzia against the "infidels" of Circassia and Dagestan. This involved crossing the territory of the Shirvanshahs.

In the following year (1488), he was defeated and killed in Derbent by the combined forces of the Shirvanshah ruler Farrukh Yassar and the Ak Koyunlu Sultan Ya'qub ibn Uzun Hassan, during one of his military expeditions while trying to avenge his father's death, and was succeeded by his son Sultan Ali Safawi as the leader of the Safaviyya.

Following his death, his tomb in Ardabil became a place of pilgrimage.[9]


Shaykh Haydar
Preceded by
Shaykh Junayd
Leader of the Safaviyya
Succeeded by
Sultan Ali Safawi

See also


  1. ^ Islam without Allah?, By Colin Turner, pg.63
  2. ^ The Ismāʻı̄lı̄s, By Farhad Daftary, pg.466
  3. ^ Islam without Allah?, By Colin Turner, pg.63
  4. ^ Persia, By Brigadier- Sir Percy Sykes, pg.72
  5. ^ Safavid Iran, By Andrew J. Newman, pg.129
  6. ^ Don Juan of Persia - A Shi-Ah Catholic 1560-1604, By & Brothers Harper & Brothers, Harper Brothers Staff, &. Brothers Harper &. Brothers, pg.107
  7. ^ A History of Persia, By Percy Molesworth Sykes, pg.241
  8. ^ Voices of Islam: Voices of tradition, By Vincent J. Cornell, pg.225
  9. ^ A History of Persia, By Percy Molesworth Sykes, pg.241
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.