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Shidzue Katō

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Title: Shidzue Katō  
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Subject: Shizue, Women's suffrage in Japan, Japanese feminists, Japanese activists, Japanese centenarians
Collection: 1897 Births, 2001 Deaths, Female Members of the House of Councillors, Female Members of the House of Councillors (Japan), Female Members of the House of Representatives (Japan), Female Members of the House of Representatives of Japan, Japanese Activists, Japanese Birth Control Activists, Japanese Centenarians, Japanese Feminists, Members of the House of Councillors, Members of the House of Councillors (Japan), Members of the House of Representatives (Empire of Japan), Members of the House of Representatives of Japan 1890–1947, Social Democratic Party (Japan) Politicians
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Shidzue Katō

Shidzue Katō

Shidzue Katō (加藤 シヅエ Katō Shizue, March 2, 1897 – December 22, 2001) was a 20th Century Japanese feminist and one of the first women elected to the Diet of Japan. Katō was best known as a pioneer in the birth control movement and a strong supporter of Eugenics.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Political notes 2
  • Praise 3
  • Also known as... 4
  • References 5

Biography

Katō Shidzue was born on March 2, 1897 in Japan Socialist Party, and was elected to the Diet of Japan. She continued her involvement in Japanese politics even after leaving the Diet, until her death at age 104 on December 22, 2001.

Political notes

  • 1922 - Acted as a guide to American feminist Margaret Sanger, whom she had met while in New York in 1920. Shidzue provided important support, first helping her gain permission to land in Japan, and then to speak in public on birth control. In the following years, Shidzue brought Sanger to Japan six more times.
  • 1937 - Arrested because of her opposition to the militarist government's policy of producing as many children as possible.
  • 1946 - 1974 - Served in the Diet of Japan.
  • 1948 - Co-founded the Family Planning Federation of Japan, the Japanese affiliated of the International Planned Parenthood Federation
  • 1988 - Received the United Nations Population Award.
  • During the Cold War, surprised many by endorsing the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty.
  • 1996 - The Kato Shizue Award is established by

Praise

  • "Together Mme. Kato and Margaret Sanger changed the world. Every woman, in not only Japan and America, but also in the entire world owes them a debt of thanks." - Alexander Sanger, president of the Margaret Sanger Center for International and Planned Parenthood
  • In 1997, Japanese television devoted a 50-minute documentary to Katō Shidzue on the occasion of her 100th birthday.

Also known as...

  • Ishimoto Shizue (during her marriage to Ishimoto Keikichi)
  • Shidzue Kato
  • Shizue Kato

References

  • Helen M. Hopper, Katô Shidzue : a Japanese feminist (New York: Pearson Longman, 2004).
  • Shidzue Ishimoto, Facing Two Ways: The Story of My Life (New York: Farrar & Rinehart, 1935) (autiobiography).
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