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Shirin Neshat

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Subject: American Federation of Arts, Miller Gallery at Carnegie Mellon University, Shohreh Aghdashloo, Silver Lion, Shahrnush Parsipur
Collection: 1957 Births, American Contemporary Artists, American Feminists, American Film Directors, American People of Iranian Descent, American Photographers, American Screenwriters, American Women Film Directors, American Women Photographers, American Writers of Iranian Descent, Feminist Artists, Iranian Artists, Iranian Emigrants to the United States, Iranian Feminists, Iranian Film Directors, Iranian Screenwriters, Iranian Women Artists, Iranian Women Film Directors, Living People, People from New York City, People from Qazvin, Photographers from Qazvin, Venice Best Director Silver Lion Winners
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Shirin Neshat

Shirin Neshat
Born (1957-03-26) March 26, 1957
Qazvin, Iran
Occupation Artist, filmmaker, photographer
Spouse(s) Kyong Park (divorced)[1]
Partner(s) Shoja Azari[1]
Children Cyrus Park[1]

Shirin Neshat (Persian: شیرین نشاط‎‎; born March 26, 1957) is an Iranian visual artist who lives in New York City. She is known primarily for her work in film, video and photography.[2]

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Education 2
  • Work 3
  • Exhibitions and film festivals 4
  • Recognition 5
  • Art market 6
  • Works 7
  • Awards 8
  • Film and video 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Background

She is the fourth of five children of wealthy parents, brought up in the religious town of Qazvin in north-western Iran.[3] Neshat's father was a physician and her mother a homemaker. Neshat said that her father, "fantasized about the west, romanticized the west, and slowly rejected all of his own values; both my parents did. What happened, I think, was that their identity slowly dissolved, they exchanged it for comfort. It served their class”. As a part of Neshat’s “Westernization” she was enrolled in a Catholic boarding school in Tehran. Through her father’s acceptance of Western ideologies came an acceptance of a form of western feminism. Neshat’s father encouraged each of his daughters to “be an individual, to take risks, to learn, to see the world", and he sent his daughters as well as his sons to college to receive their higher education.[4] Through her grandparents, her mother's parents, Neshat learned traditional religious values.[3]

Education

Neshat left Iran to study art in Los Angeles at about the time that the Iranian Revolution occurred. About a year after the revolution, Neshat moved to the San Francisco Bay area and began studying at Dominican College. Eventually, she enrolled in UC Berkeley and completed her BA, MA and MFA.

Work

After graduating school, she moved to New York and married a Korean curator, Kyong Park,[1] who was the director and founder of


Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  1. ^ a b c d Elaine Louie (2009-01-28). "A Minimalist Loft, Accessorized Like Its Owner".  
  2. ^ Claudia La Rocco (2011-11-14). "Shirin Neshat’s Performa Contribution".  
  3. ^ a b c Suzie Mackenzie (July 22, 2000). "An unveiling".  
  4. ^ MacDonald, Scott (2004-09-22). "Between two worlds: an interview with Shirin Neshat". Highbeam.com. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  5. ^ After the Revolution: Women Who Transformed Contemporary Art by Eleanor Heartney, Helaine Posner, Nancy Princenthal, and Sue Scott.
  6. ^ "Shirin Neshat in Conversation with Carol Becker and Phong Bui". Brooklyn Rail. September 2009. 
  7. ^ Excerpt from interview between the artist and Linda Weintraub, author of 'In the Making: Creative Options for Contemporary Art'
  8. ^ a b Shirin Neshat Guggenheim Collection.
  9. ^ Danto, Arthur C.. "Shirin Neshat", ‘’Bomb’’ Fall, 2000. Retrieved on June 27, 2012
  10. ^ "The Woman Behind the Screen".  
  11. ^ a b Susan Horsburgh (2001-03-26). "The Great Divide". Time. 
  12. ^ a b c Orden, Erica. “Snapshot of a Song” Modern Painters, November 2009.
  13. ^ Homa Khaleeli (2010-06-13). "Shirin Neshat: A long way from home". Guardian. 
  14. ^ Livia Bloom (2010-01-23). "Women Without Men's Shirin Neshat". Filmmaker. 
  15. ^ Sabina Castelfranco (2009-09-13). "Shirin Neshat Wins Best Director Award at Venice Film Festival". Payvand.com. 
  16. ^ Games of Desire to be exhibited at Art Plural Gallery. Singapore Business Review. Accessed October 2013.
  17. ^ Shirin Neshat: The Book of Kings, January 13 – February 11, 2012 Gladstone Gallery, New York.
  18. ^ "The International Jury 2013". Berlinale. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  19. ^ Shirin Neshat, 1 October - 4 December 2005 Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin.
  20. ^ "The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize". Gishprize.com. 2006. 
  21. ^ Denson, G. Roger, "Shirin Neshat: Artist of the Decade," Huffington Post, December 20, 2010.
  22. ^ Ted Loos (February 21, 2012), Art Becomes Her: In Honor of Cindy Sherman’s MoMA Retrospective, Five Tastemakers Reflect on Her Influence Vogue.

References

See also

  • Expressing the inexpressible [videorecording DVD]: Shirin Neshat. 2004, 42 minutes, Color. Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities & Sciences. Originally produced by Westdeutscher Rundfunk in 2000.

Film and video

the First International Prize at the Venice Biennale (1999) the Grand Prix at the Kwangju Biennale (2000)the Visual Art Award from the Edinburgh International Film Festival (2000), the Infinity Award from the International Center of Photography in New York (2002), the ZeroOne Award from the Universität der Künste Berlin (2003), the Hiroshima Freedom Prize from the Hiroshima City Museum of Art (2005), and the Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize in New York(2006). The last award has also been awarded to Arthur Miller(1999)& Chinua Achebe (2006).

Awards

  • Turbulent, 1998. Two channel video/audio installation.
  • Rapture, 1999. Two channel video/audio installation.
  • Soliloquy, 1999. Color video/audio installation with artist as the protagonist.
  • Fervor, 2000. Two channel video/audio installation.
  • Passage, 2001. Single channel video/audio installation.
  • Logic of the Birds, 2002. Multi-media Performance.
  • Tooba, 2002. Two channel video/audio installation based on Shahrnush Parsipur’s novel Women Without Men.
  • Mahdokht, 2004. Three channel video/audio installation.
  • Zarin, 2005. Single channel video/audio installation.
  • Munis, 2008. Color video/audio installation based on Shahrnush Parsipur’s novel Women Without Men.
  • Faezeh, 2008. Color video/audio installation based on Shahrnush Parsipur’s novel Women Without Men.
  • Possession, 2009. Black & white video/audio installation.
  • Women Without Men, 2009. Feature film based on Shahrnush Parsipur’s novel Women Without Men.
  • Illusions and Mirrors, 2013. Film commissioned by Dior and featuring Natalie Portman.

Works

Cindy Sherman was the first person to buy Neshat's work, at Annina Nosei Gallery in 1995.[22]

Art market

In 2010 Neshat was named Artist of the Decade by Huffington Post critic G. Roger Denson, for "the degree to which world events have more than met the artist in making her art chronically relevant to an increasingly global culture," for reflecting "the ideological war being waged between Islam and the secular world over matters of gender, religion, and democracy," and because "the impact of her work far transcends the realms of art in reflecting the most vital and far-reaching struggle to assert human rights." [21]

Neshat was artist in residence at the Wexner Center for the Arts (2000) and at MASS MoCA (2001). In 2004 she was awarded an honorary professorship at the Universität der Künste, Berlin.[19] In 2006 she was awarded The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize, one of the richest prizes in the arts, given annually to “a man or woman who has made an outstanding contribution to the beauty of the world and to mankind’s enjoyment and understanding of life.”[20]

Recognition

In 2013 she was a member of the jury at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival.[18]

Since 2000 Neshat has also participated in film festivals, including the Telluride Film Festival (2000), Chicago International Film Festival (2001), San Francisco International Film Festival (2001), Locarno International Film Festival (2002), Tribeca Film Festival (2003), Sundance Film Festival (2003), and Cannes Film Festival (2008).[8]

Since her first solo exhibition, at Detroit Institute of Arts, will open in 2013.[17]

Exhibitions and film festivals

In July 2009 Neshat took part in a three-day hunger strike at the United Nations Headquarters in New York in protest of the 2009 Iranian presidential election.[12]

In 2009 she won the Silver Lion for best director at the 66th Venice Film Festival for her directorial debut Women Without Men,[13][14] based on Shahrnush Parsipur's novel of the same name. She said about the movie: "This has been a labour of love for six years.(...) This film speaks to the world and to my country."[15] The film examines the 1953 British-American backed coup, which supplanted Iran's democratically elected government with a monarchy.[12]

When Neshat first came to use film, she was influenced by the work of Iranian director Abbas Kiarostami.[3] She directed several videos, among them Anchorage (1996) and, projected on two opposing walls: Shadow under the Web (1997), Turbulent (1998), Rapture (1999) and Soliloquy (1999).[11] Neshat's recognition became more international in 1999, when she won the International Award of the XLVIII Venice Biennale[11] with Turbulent and Rapture, a project involving almost 250 extras and produced by the Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont which met with critical and public success after its worldwide avant-première at the Art Institute of Chicago in May 1999. With Rapture, Neshat tried for the first time to make pure photography with the intent of creating an aesthetic, poetic, and emotional shock. Games of Desire, a video and still-photography piece, was displayed between September 3 and October 3 at the Gladstone Gallery in Brussels before moving in November to the Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont in Paris. The film, which is based in Laos, centers on a small group of elderly people who sing folk songs with sexual lyrics - a practice which had been nearing obsolescence.[12]

Neshat was profiled in The New Yorker magazine on October 22, 2007.[10]

In 2001-02, Neshat collaborated with singer Sussan Deyhim and created Logic of the Birds, which was produced by curator and art historian RoseLee Goldberg. The full length multimedia production premiered at the Lincoln Center Summer Festival in 2002 and toured to the Walker Art Institute in Minneapolis and to Artangel in London. In this collaboration, as well as her other projects that incorporate music, Neshat uses sound to help create an emotionally evocative and beautiful piece that will resonate with viewers of both Eastern and Western cultures. In an interview with Bomb magazine in 2000, Neshat revealed, "Music becomes the soul, the personal, the intuitive, and neutralizes the sociopolitical aspects of the work. This combination of image and music is meant to create an experience that moves the audience." [9]

The work of Neshat addresses the social, political and psychological dimensions of women's experience in contemporary Islamic societies. Although Neshat actively resists stereotypical representations of Islam, her artistic objectives are not explicitly polemical. Rather, her work recognizes the complex intellectual and religious forces shaping the identity of Muslim women throughout the world. Using Persian poetry and calligraphy she examined concepts such as martyrdom, the space of exile, the issues of identity and femininity.

Her work refers to the social, cultural and religious codes of Muslim societies and the complexity of certain oppositions, such as man and woman. Neshat often emphasizes this theme showing two or more coordinated films concurrently, creating stark visual contrasts through motifs such as light and dark, black and white, male and female. Neshat has also made more traditional narrative short films, such as Zarin.

Neshat’s earliest works were photographs, such as the Unveiling (1993) and Women of Allah (1993–97) series, which explore notions of femininity in relation to Islamic fundamentalism and militancy in her home country.[8] As a way of coping with the discrepancy between the culture that she was experiencing and that of the pre-revolution Iran in which she was raised, she began her first mature body of work, the Women of Allah series, portraits of women entirely overlaid by Persian calligraphy.

During this time, she did not make any serious attempts at creating art, and the few attempts were subsequently destroyed. In 1990, she returned to Iran. "It was probably one of the most shocking experiences that I have ever had. The difference between what I had remembered from the Iranian culture and what I was witnessing was enormous. The change was both frightening and exciting; I had never been in a country that was so ideologically based. Most noticeable, of course, was the change in people's physical appearance and public behavior.[7]"

[6] Neshat helped Park run the Storefront, where she was exposed to many different ideologies and it would become a place where she received a much needed experience with and exposure to concepts that would later become integral to her artwork.[5]

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