World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004048513
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shishunaga  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Bihar, Avanti (India), Maurya Empire
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Shishunaga (or Shusunaga) (c. 413 – 395 BCE[1]) was the founder of the Shishunaga dynasty of the Magadha Empire in the present day northern India. Initially, he was an amatya (official) of the Magadha empire under the Haryanka dynasty. He was placed on the throne by the people who revolted against the Haryanka dynasty rule. The Puranas tell us[2][3] that he placed his son at Varanasi and himself ruled from Girivraja (Rajagriha). He was succeeded by his son Kakavarna Kalashoka.[4]

Early life

According to the Mahavamsatika, Shishunaga was the son of a Licchavi raja of Vaishali. He was conceived by a nagara-shobhini and brought up an officer of state. At the time of the revolt, he was a viceroy at Varanasi of king Nagadasaka, the last ruler of the Haryanka dynasty.[5]


Initially, his capital was Rajagriha and Vaishali was his second royal residence. Later he shifted his capital to Vaishali. His most significant achievement was the destruction of the 'glory' of the Pradyota dynasty of the Avanti kingdom. Most probably the king of Avanti whom Shishunaga humbled was Avantivardhana. The Magadhan victory must have been helped by the revolution that placed Aryaka on the thone of Ujjayini.[6]


During Shishunag's rule practically whole India (present day India excluding the regions of Tamil Nadu south of Madurai, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh) was under his rule. In 407 BC he annexed jaipur to his empire. By 405 BC he subdued the last of mahajanapadas. From period of 404 BC to 397 BC he annexed Sindh, Multan, Lahore, Kabul, Herat, Chagcharan, Anjuri, Kandahar, Karachi and Vellore. His Territories spread up to Kochi and Madurai in the South to Shardu and Danyor in the North, Murshidabad and Dakhinpara and Hamren in the East to Mand and Herat in the West in 395 BC.


  1. ^ Raychaudhuri 1972, p. 201
  2. ^ Raychaudhuri 1972, p. 193
  3. ^ Mahajan 1960, reprint 2007, pp. 250–1
  4. ^ Raychaudhuri 1972, pp. 193–5
  5. ^ Raychaudhuri 1972, pp. 193–5
  6. ^ Raychaudhuri 1972, pp. 193–5


  1. Mahajan, V.D. (2007) [1960], Ancient India, New Delhi: S. Chand,  .
  2. Raychaudhuri, H.C. (1972), Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: Calcutta: University of Calcutta .

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.