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Snap matchlock

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Title: Snap matchlock  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Matchlock, Tanegashima (Japanese matchlock), Arquebus, Bajōzutsu, Cookson repeater
Collection: Early Firearms, Firearm Actions
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Snap matchlock

Antique Japanese (samurai) Edo period matchlock (tanegashima), showing the firing mechanism.

The snap matchlock is a type of matchlock mechanism used to ignite early firearms. It was used in Europe from about 1475 to 1640, and in Japan from 1543 till about 1880.[1]

Contents

  • Description 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Description

The serpentine (a curved lever with a clamp on the end) was held in firing position by a weak spring,[2] and released by pressing a button, pulling a trigger, or even pulling a short string passing into the mechanism. The slow match held in the serpentine swung into a flash pan containing priming powder. The flash from the flash pan travelled through the touch hole igniting the main propellant charge of the gun. As the match was often extinguished after its relatively violent collision with the flash pan, this type fell out of favour with soldiers, but was often used in fine target weapons.

In Japan the first documented introduction of the matchlock which became known as the tanegashima was through the Portuguese in 1543.[3] The tanegashima seems to have been based on snap matchlocks that were produced in the armory of Goa in Portuguese India, which was captured by Portugal in 1510.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Author Richard J. Garrett, Publisher Hong Kong University Press, 2010, ISBN 9888028499,9789888028498 P.176The defences of Macau: forts, ships and weapons over 450 years
  2. ^ , Author Claude Blair, Publisher B. T. Batsford, 1962, Original from Pennsylvania State University, Digitized Jun 30, 2009 P.42European & American arms, c. 1100-1850
  3. ^ , Olof G. Lidin, Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, NIAS Press, 2002 P.1-14Tanegashima: the arrival of Europe in Japan
  4. ^ The bewitched gun : the introduction of the firearm in the Far East by the Portuguese, by Rainer Daehnhardt 1994 P.26

External links

  • Handgonnes and Matchlocks
  • Matchlokkes
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