World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Srivenkateshwara National Park

Article Id: WHEBN0009015438
Reproduction Date:

Title: Srivenkateshwara National Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bengal tiger, Seshachalam Hills
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Srivenkateshwara National Park

Sri Venkateswara National Park
Sri Venkateswara National Park on Tirumala Hills
Location in India
Location Chittoor and Cuddapah districts, Andhra Pradesh, India
Nearest city Tirupati
Coordinates

13°45′4″N 79°20′16″E / 13.75111°N 79.33778°E / 13.75111; 79.33778Coordinates: 13°45′4″N 79°20′16″E / 13.75111°N 79.33778°E / 13.75111; 79.33778[1]

Area 353 km2 (87,000 acres)
Established September 1989

Sri Venkateshwara National Park is a national park and biosphere reserve in Andhra Pradesh, India. The total area of the park is 353 km².

The park is known for its many waterfalls including the Talakona, Gundalakona and Gunjana. As the government of India declared the Seshachalam Hills as one of the Biosphere reserves of India in 2010, this national park becomes the part of it.

Geography

The National Park is located in Eastern Ghats spread over the Seshachalam hills of Cuddapah district and Tirumala hills of Chittor district. The elevation varies from 150 to 1,130 m. The terrain is undulating with forest covered valleys. Most of the rainfall is received from the northeast monsoon and a little from the southwest monsoon. The vegetation here is a mix of Dry Deciduous and Moist Deciduous types.

Average rainfall in the region is 900mm.

The average temperature of the region varies from 12 °C to 44 °C.

Flora and Fauna

Flora

The vegetation in the national park consists of Dry deciduous mixed forest with patches of moist deciduous forests in the valleys. The area has about 1,500 vascular plant species belonging to 174 families, of which many are endemic. Some of the rare and endemic plant species like Red Sanders, Shorea talura, Shorea thumburggaia, Terminalia pallida, Sandalwood, Cycas beddomei, Syzygium alternifolium, Psilotum nudam occur in this region.

Fauna

About 178 species of birds from this national park have been identified. The globally threatened Yellow-throated Bulbul is seen here. Pompadour Green Pigeon, a bird of the Himalayas and the Western Ghats is quite common in these forests. The critically endangered Oriental White-backed Vulture is found in the national park. Some of the other birds found here are:

Large Hawk-Cuckoo, Blue-faced Malkoha, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Indian Scimitar-Babbler and Loten's Sunbird.

In 1984 the Asian Elephant, not seen in Andhra Pradesh for nearly 300 years, re-appeared in the southern part of Chittoor district. In 1993, a breakaway herd of five individuals moved to the Chamala Valley of Tirumala forests in this national park.

Among the predators Leopard is quite common, along with the Wild Dog. Other predators include Hyena, Golden Jackal, Indian Fox, Small Indian Civet and Jungle Cat. Sloth Bear is frequently encountered. Sambar, Spotted Deer, Mouse Deer, Barking Deer, Four-horned Antelope and Wild Boar are the main ungulates. The nocturnal Slender Loris could be common but is seldom seen. The Indian Giant Squirrel and Tree Shrew are other interesting species.

Among reptiles, the most interesting species is the Gliding Lizard, found in some deep forested valleys. Another important reptile of this national park is the Golden Gecko. Originally reported from rocky ravines in the Eastern Ghats, the Golden Gecko was rediscovered from the same area in 1985

Threats

The key threats the national park are Construction and Quarrying. The Andhra Pradesh State Highway Project, is undertaking the upgradaion of highways in the state of Andhra Pradesh, and this includes construction of Warangal-Pollacolu road which passes close to the western boundary of the national park. Another construction is of the Kapil Teerthan Dam inside the national park by the Andhra Pradesh Government and the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam. Both these constructions raise concerns over the potential impact of the road and the dam on the habitat and the wildlife in the Sanctuary.

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.