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St Donat's Castle

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Title: St Donat's Castle  
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Subject: Atlantic College, Llantwit Major, Vale of Glamorgan, Barbara Sidney, Countess of Leicester, United World Colleges
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St Donat's Castle

St Donat's Castle

St Donat's Castle is a Wales, overlooking the Bristol Channel in the village of St Donat's near Llantwit Major, and about 25 km west of Cardiff. Since 1962 the castle has housed an international secondary school called Atlantic College.

The castle lies on an elevation to the east of a small valley opening to the sea between precipitous sea cliffs to both east and west.

An inner court about 40 m across within a polygonal inner curtain wall is closely surrounded by an outer court and curtain wall with a dry moat facing the eastern approach. The curtain walls date from c. 1300, having been built by the founder of the Stradling family (or perhaps by his widow's second husband). The outer wall mostly survives and has a small original tower entirely contained with it on the north, and a square gatehouse on the east. The inner court is entered by an arch on the east side beside the rectangular Mansell Tower (an enlargement of the original keep). The north-western range is of the early 16th century; the north-eastern range is of the late 15th century; the late-15th-century great hall is on the south side of the court.

The Watch Tower, by St Donat's Castle in 1777

Beside it, squeezed in between the inner and outer curtain walls, is the Bradenstoke Hall, consisting of the inner curtain wall on the north side, the somewhat realigned outer curtain wall on the south, with a modern wall on the east end built at the point so that an early-14th-century roof (brought from Bradenstoke Abbey in Wiltshire) would fit. The western range has largely been replaced by a much larger, three-storey building (which necessitated, when erected, the demolition of the western part of the outer curtain wall). Its ground floor is a large modern dining hall with a very fine 15th-century roof, probably Flemish in origin but imported from Boston Stump Church (Lincolnshire). The Lady Anne Tower on the south-western corner of the castle has been rebuilt many times.


  • Ownership 1
  • Residential sixth form college 2
  • St Donat's Arts Centre 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7


The gatehouse of St Donat's Castle in 1774

The earliest surviving parts of the castle (the keep and what is now the inner curtain wall) were built in the late 12th century by the de Hawey family. Ownership passed to the Stradling family in 1298 through the marriage of Sir Peter Stradling to Joan de Hawey. The Stradlings built the outer gatehouse and curtain wall around 1300; they enlarged the keep and inner gatehouse and modified the inner curtain wall at the same time, and built the inner court around 200 years later.

The was quoted as saying: "This is what God would have built if he had had the money."

Hearst's newspaper empire fell on hard times in the later 1930s; the castle was put up for sale but requisitioned for use by British and American troops during the war. Hearst died in 1951 and the castle was bought in 1962 by Monsieur Antonin Besse II (1927 - ), son of the late Sir Antonin Besse (1877–1951), and given to the Governing Body of Atlantic College. Monsieur Antonin Besse II is a patron and honorary vice president of the United World Colleges.

Residential sixth form college

St. Donats Castle in, 1814

The castle now houses Atlantic College, an international Sixth Form College founded in 1962 as the first of the thirteen United World Colleges.

St Donat's Arts Centre

Within the castle grounds lies St Donat's Arts Centre, housed in a 14th-century tithe barn which has been converted to a professionally equipped theatre, together with a contrasting new addition of the Glass Room. This offers views across the sea towards Exmoor. The centre provides a programme of cinema, exhibitions, festivals and live shows.

See also


  1. ^ J Mordaunt Crook, 2014, "High Ceilings Before the Fall", Times Literary Supplement 9 May 2014 p 10
  2. ^ Bevan, Nathan (2008-08-03). "Lydia Hearst is queen of the castle". Wales On Sunday. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 

Further reading

  • St Donat's Castle – a guide and brief history, Alan Hall, Atlantic College, 2002

External links

  • St Donat's Arts Centre website
  • A History of the St Donat's Castle
  • The Stradling Family
  • : photos of St Donat's Castle and surrounding area

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