World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

States of Nigeria


States of Nigeria

States of Nigeria
Category Federated state
Location Federal Republic of Nigeria
Number 36 States
Populations 1,739,136 (Ebonyi) – 21,000,534 (Lagos)
Areas 3,580 km2 (1,381 sq mi) (Lagos) – 76,360 km2 (29,484 sq mi) (Niger)
Government State government
Subdivisions Local Government Area
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nigeria portal

A state of Nigeria is one of the 36 administrative divisions, which shares sovereignty with the Federal Government of Nigeria. There is also the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), which is not a state, but a territory, under the direct control of the Federal Government. The states are further divided into a total of 774 Local Government Areas.[1]


  • Current states and the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja 1
  • Former state boundaries 2
    • 1991-1996 2.1
    • 1987-1991 2.2
    • 1976-1987 2.3
    • 1967-1976 2.4
    • 1963-1967 2.5
    • 1960-1963 2.6
  • Chronology 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • Sources 6
  • External links 7

Current states and the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja

A clickable map of Nigeria exhibiting its 36 states and the federal capital territory.
  1. Abia
  2. Adamawa
  3. Anambra
  4. Akwa Ibom
  5. Bauchi
  6. Bayelsa
  7. Benue
  8. Borno
  9. Cross River
  10. Delta
  11. Ebonyi
  12. Enugu
  1. Edo
  2. Ekiti
  3. Gombe
  4. Imo
  5. Jigawa
  6. Kaduna
  7. Kano
  8. Katsina
  9. Kebbi
  10. Kogi
  11. Kwara
  12. Lagos
  1. Nasarawa
  2. Niger
  3. Ogun
  4. Ondo
  5. Osun
  6. Oyo
  7. Plateau
  8. Rivers
  9. Sokoto
  10. Taraba
  11. Yobe
  12. Zamfara
Federal Capital Territory (FCT)

Former state boundaries

Before and after independence in 1960, Nigeria was a unitary state of three Regions: Northern, Western, and Eastern. Provinces were also used in colonial times. In 1963, two provinces were detached from the Western Region to form the new Mid-Western Region. In 1967, the regions were replaced by 12 states due to a military decree; only the former Mid-Western Region escaped division, and formed a single state following the restructuring. From 1967 to 1970 the areas of Mid-Western State and the Eastern Region attempted to secede, as Biafra. In 1976, seven new states were created, making 19 altogether.[2]

The Federal Capital Territory was established in 1991. In 1987 two new states were established, followed by another nine in 1991, bringing the total to 30.[2] The latest change, in 1996, resulted in the present number of 36 states.


During this period, there were 30 states and the Federal Capital Territory.


During this period, there were 21 states and,
later, Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory.



During this period, there were 19 states.



During this period, there were 12 states.


During this period, there were 4 regions.



During this period, there were 3 regions.



Regions States
1960 1967 1976 1987 1991 1996
Eastern South-Eastern Cross-River Akwa Ibom
East Central Imo Abia
Anambra Anambra
Enugu Enugu
Ebonyi (also includes part of old Abia)
Rivers Bayelsa
Mid-Western (1963) Mid-Western Bendel Delta
Western Lagos
Western Ogun
Ondo Ekiti
Oyo Osun
Northern Benue-Plateau Benue
Plateau Nasarawa
Kano Jigawa
Kwara Kwara
Kogi (also includes part of old Benue)
North Central Kaduna Kaduna
North Western Niger
Sokoto Kebbi
Sokoto Sokoto
North Eastern Bauchi Bauchi
Borno Borno
Gongola Adamawa

See also


  1. ^ "USAID Nigeria mission: Nigeria administrative divisions" United States Agency for International Development, October 2004, last accessed 21 April 2010
  2. ^ a b Kraxberger, Brennan (2005) "Strangers, Indigenes and Settlers: Contested Geographies of Citizenship in Nigeria" Space and Polity 9(1): pp. 9-27, pages 10, 11, & 15


  • Ajayi, Gboyega (2007) The military and the Nigerian state, 1966-1993: a study of the strategies of political power control Africa World Press, Trenton New Jersey, ISBN 1-59221-568-8
  • Benjamin, Solomon Akhere (1999) The 1996 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, Nigeria, ISBN 978-181-238-9
  • Suberu, Rotimi T. (1994) 1991 state and local government reorganizations in Nigeria Institute of African Studies, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, ISBN 978-2015-28-8

External links

  • New States of Nigeria at
  • Headline News in Nigeria States
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.