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Sultan of Oman

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Sultan of Oman

List of Imams (751–1406)

Imams Tribe Residence Began to reign Reference
Transliteration of the Arab names Names in Arab script
Al-Julanda bin Mas'ood الجلندى بن مسعود Azd  ? 751 [1]
Mohammed bin Abi Affan محمد بن أبي عفان Azd Nizwa  ? [2]
Al-Warith bin Ka'ab الوارث بن كعب Yahmad Nizwa 801 [3]
Ghassan bin Abdullah غسان بن عبد الله Yahmad Nizwa 807 [4]
Abdulmalik bin Humaid عبد المالك بن حميد Azd  ? 824 [5]
Al-Muhanna bin Jayfar المهنا بن جيفر Yahmad Nizwa 840 [6]
Al-Salt bin Malik الصلت بن مالك Azd  ? 851 [7]
Rashid bin Al-Nadhar راشد بن النظر  ?  ? 886 [8]
Azzan bin Tamim عزان بن تميم  ? Nizwa 890 [9]
Mohammed bin Al-Hassan محمد بن الحسن Azd  ? 897 [10]
Azzan bin Al-Hazbar عزان بن الهزبر Yahmad  ? 898 [11]
Abdullah bin Mohammed عبد الله بن محمد  ?  ? 899 [12]
Al-Salt bin Al-Qasim الصلت بن القاسم  ?  ? 900 [13]
Al-Husn bin Said الحسن بن سعيد  ?  ? 900 [14]
Al-Hawari bin Matraf الحواري بن مطرف  ?  ? 904 [15]
Omar bin Mohammed عمر بن محمد  ?  ? 912 [16]
Mohammed bin Yazid محمد بن يزيد Kinda  ?  ? [17]
Al-Hakm bin Al-Milaa Al-Bahri الحكم بن الملا البحري  ? Nizwa  ? [18]
Said bin Abdullah سعيد بن عبد الله  ?  ? 939 [19]
Rashid bin Waleed راشد بن الوليد  ? Nizwa  ? [20]
Al-Khalil bin Shadhan الخليل بن شاذان  ?  ? 1002 [21]
Rashid bin Said راشد بن سعيد  ?  ? 1032 [22]
Hafs bin Rashid حفص بن راشد  ?  ? 1068 [23]
Rashid bin Ali راشد بن علي  ?  ? 1054 [24]
Musa bin Jabir ابن جابر موسى  ? Nizwa 1154 [25]
Malik bin Aly مالك بن علي  ?  ? 1406 [26]

List of Imams and Sayyids of Oman (1406–Present)

Name Reign start Reign end Notes

Nabhan Dynasty (1406–1624)

Makhzum bin al Fallah 1406 1435
Abul Hassan of Oman 1435 1451
Omar bin al Khattab 1451 1490
Omar al Sharif 1490 1500
Muhammad bin Ismail 1500 1529 Portuguese Protectorate imposed on 15 April 1515
Bakarat bin Muhammad 1529 1560
Abdulla bin Muhammad 1560 1624

Ya'ariba Dynasty (first reign, 1624–1724)

Nasir bin Murshid 1624 1649
Sultan I bin Saif 1649 1688 Portuguese expelled on 1 January 1650
Bil'arb bin Sultan 1688 1692
Saif I bin Sultan "Qayd al-Ard" 1692 15 October 1711
Sultan II bin Saif 15 October 1711 1719
Saif II bin Sultan (first reign) 1719 2 October 1724

Banu Ghafir Dynasty (1724–1728)

Muhammad bin Nasir 2 October 1724 11 March 1728

Ya'ariba Dynasty (second reign, 1728–1749)

Saif II bin Sultan (second reign) 11 March 1728 20 June 1743 Co-Ruler with Sultan III bin Murshid bin Adi since February 1742
Bal'arab bin Himayr ibn Sultan 20 June 1743 10 June 1749

Al Said Dynasty (1749–Present)

Abu Hilal Ahmad bin Said 10 June 1749 15 December 1783
Said bin Ahmad 15 December 1783 1784 Last direct male descendant of Al Bu Said to hold the office of Imam. He abdicated secular power to his son Hamid and retired to Rustaq where he died in 1803.[27]
Hamad bin Said 1784 13 March 1792
Sultan bin Ahmad 13 March 1792 20 November 1804
Salim I bin Sultan and Said II bin Sultan 20 November 1804 14 September 1806 Co-Rulers
Said II bin Sultan 14 September 1806 19 October 1856 Sole Ruler
Thuwaini bin Said 19 October 1856 11 February 1866 Killed
Salim II bin Thuwaini 11 February 1866 3 October 1868 Killed
Azzan bin Qais 3 October 1868 30 January 1871 Killed
Turki bin Said 30 January 1871 4 June 1888
Faisal bin Turki 4 June 1888 9 October 1913 British protectorate imposed on 20 March 1891[28][29]
Taimur bin Feisal 9 October 1913 10 February 1932 Abdicated
Said III bin Taimur 10 February 1932 23 July 1970 Deposed
Qaboos bin Said 23 July 1970 Present British protectorate ended on 2 December 1971


In Oman the eldest son of the reigning Sultan succeeds on his death. In the absence of a male heir, the reigning Sultan may nominate a brother or other male relative from amongst the descendants of Sultan Said bin Sultan. The current Sultan Qaboos of Oman has no children and has indicated that once he is dead it will be up to the Royal family to meet and agree on a candidate. However, if the royal family cannot agree on a candidate, then the Defence Council will decide, based on the two names Sultan Qaboos placed in sealed envelopes prior to his death.

See also




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