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Swiss Party of Labour

Swiss Party of Labour
German name Partei der Arbeit der Schweiz (PdA)
French name Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire (PST-POP)
Italian name Partito Comunista (PC)
Romansh name Partida Svizra da la Lavur (PSL)
President Norberto Crivelli
Members of the Federal Council None
Founded 14 October 1944
Headquarters Turmweg 24
3013 Bern
Membership  (2009) 2,000[1]
Ideology Communism
Political position Far-left
European affiliation Party of European Left, International Communist Seminar[2]
Colours Red
National Council
1 / 200
Council of States
0 / 46
Cantonal legislatures
14 / 2,559
Website
FR: http://www.pst.ch
DE: http://www.pda.ch
IT: http://www.partitocomunista.ch
Politics of Switzerland
Political parties
Elections
Swiss Federal Council
Federal Chancellor
Federal Assembly
Council of States (members)
National Council (members)
Voting

The Swiss Party of Labour (German: Partei der Arbeit der Schweiz; French: Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire; Italian: Partito Comunista; Romansh: Partida svizra da la lavur) is a communist party in Switzerland.

The party was founded in 1944 by the illegal Communist Party of Switzerland. On May 21 the constituent conference of the Basel Federation of the party was held. On October 14–15 the same year the first Party Congress of the party was held in Zürich. Léon Nicole was elected President and Karl Hofmaier General Secretary.

On October 6–7, 1945 the Second Congress was held in Geneva. By this time the party has 20 000 members. On November 30-December 1 the 3rd Congress in Zürich.

On July 27 a Swiss Party Conference was held in Bern. Karl Hofmaier was removed from his position due to a financial scandal.

In the national elections of 1947 the party receives 5,1% of votes.

Poster for the 2006 elections to the Grand Council of Bern.
On July 4–6, 1949, the 4th Congress was held. Steps to strengthen the organization as a Cadre Party are taken. Edgar Woog elected General Secretary.

In 1950, the party works intensively for the Stockholm Appeal. 260 000 signatures are collected in Switzerland.

On May 31-June 2, 1952, the 5th Congress is held in Geneva. On December 7 the Central Committee expels Léon Nicole from the party.

On May 28–30, 6th Congress in Geneva.

On May 16–18, 1959, 7th Congress in Geneva. A new party programme approved with the concept of antimonopolistic unity, "Swiss Road to Socialism" (inspired by the similar programme of the Communist Party of Great Britain).

On May 16–18, 1964, 8th Congress in Geneva. It is associated with the European United Left - Nordic Green Left group in the European Parliament, although Switzerland is not in the EU.

In 2015, the party has no seats in the Swiss cantonal councils, and was not represented in any of the 26 cantonal governments.[3]

The Ticino section of the party, during an extraordinary congress held on 16 September 2007, by an overwhelming majority, decided to change its name to "Communist Party", thus resuming the original name and redirecting the policy of practice more consistent with Marxism and Leninism and critical of the European Left Party, thus entering into conflict with the national party headed by Norberto Crivelli, Socialist leader passed to the communists in the 80s.

The XXII Congress of the section of the Ticino, held November 10, 2013, marked the unification of the organs partisan Ticino with those of the Italian Grisons, creating the Communist Party of Italian Switzerland in order to revive the "concept of Switzerland to Italian 'interior of the Swiss national context ". [4] In 2015 the ticion section was extruded by the national party becaus of "nationalistic sectarianism".

Contents

  • National Elections 2007 1
  • Recent developments 2
  • Results at National Elections 3
  • References 4

National Elections 2007

Holding two seats in the Swiss National Council (the lower or first chamber of the Swiss parliament) going into the 2007 elections, the party stood candidates in the cantons of Zürich, Vaud, Geneva and the Ticino on their own; in Neuchâtel the candidate appeared on a joint list with Solidarity. While the share of the vote in 2007 was similar to the party's 2003 results (0.7%), the party lost the seat held by Josef Zisyadis, while retaining the seat held by Marianne Huguenin.[5] However, on 1 November 2007 Marianne Huguenin announced her resignation from the National Council to focus on her position as mayor of Renens, Vaud, leaving Zisyadis to take the Party's seat in the National Council representing Vaud.[6]

Recent developments

The party lost its last seat in the 2011 federal elections but gained a new one in 2015 thanks to the election of Denis de la Reussille in Canton of Neuchâtel.[7]

Results at National Elections

Year % of votes Seats
1951 2.7% 5
1955 2.6% 4
1959 2.7% 3
1963 2.2% 4
1967 2.9% 5
1971 2.6% 5
1975 2.4% 4
1979 2.1% 3
National Council (Nationalrat/Conseil National/Consiglio Nazionale/Cussegl Naziunal)
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
1947 49,353 5.01
7 / 194
1983 17,488 0.88
1 / 200
2 Decrease
1987 15,528 0.79
1 / 200
0 Steady
1991 15,871 0.76
2 / 200
1 Increase
1995 22,850 1.18
3 / 200
1 Increase
1999 18,569 0.93
2 / 200
1 Decrease
2003 14,595 0.68
2 / 200
0 Steady
2007 17,218 0.74
1 / 200
1 Decrease
2011 13,215 0.54
0 / 200
1 Decrease
2015 0.6
1 / 200
1 Increase

References

  1. ^ http://www.bk.admin.ch/dokumentation/02070/index.html?lang=de&download=M3wBPgDB_8ull6Du36WenojQ1NTTjaXZnqWfVpzLhmfhnapmmc7Zi6rZnqCkkIV9gXyDbKbXrZ6lhuDZz8mMps2gpKfo
  2. ^ http://www.icseminar.org/ICS/2013/ICS2013-Presentation.html
  3. ^ Data Bank of Swiss Towns and Cantons (BADAC) http://www.badac.ch/
  4. ^ http://hiviostorico.corriere.it/2007/settembre/18/Svizzera_partito_comunista_torna_dopo_co_9_070918064.shtml?refresh_ce-cp
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
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