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Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi

 

Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi

Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi
Religion Islam, specifically the Qadri of Sufism
Personal
Born 1024 H
Hama Syria
Died 1088 H
Delhi
Senior posting
Based in Delhi
Predecessor Shaikh Syed Abdul Jaleel
Successor Various, most prominent being Sultan Bahoo

Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi (Urdu: سیّد عبد الرحمن جیلانی دہلوی ‎) was a notable Sufi saint of the Qadri Order in the Indian Subcontinent. His predecessors include Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, who constitute the initiation of the silsila of the Qadri order.[1] He played a major role in establishing the order securely in Delhi.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Ancestral lineage 2
    • Spiritual Lineage 2.1
  • Students 3
  • The Qadri order 4
  • Urs 5
  • Further reading 6
  • References 7

Life

Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani was born in 1024 Hijri (1615 AD) in Hama, Syria. He was the son of Syed Abdul Qadir, a dervish himself from whom he received his early education. At 35, he chose to stay at the tomb of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani in Baghdad for 3 years. On Tuesday 13th Ziquad 1062 Hijri or 15th October 1652 AD, during the Mughal era of emperor Shah Jahan, he went to India to meet Syed Abdul Jaleel. [2] He took Bayat on 10th Zilhaj 1062 Hijri (10th Nov 1652 AD) and went to Delhi on 9th Safar 1063 Hijri (8th January 1653 AD). Here he resided himself and made a Khanqah. This is where his shrine is built as well as a mosque called Shah Abdul Rehman Mosque. Present Sadar station and quarters of Muslim Waqf board are built on his land.[3]

At the age of forty-one, Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi married Syeda Zahida who belonged to Jilani Sadaats and was blessed with 2 sons Syed Taj-ul-Arifeen and Syed Abdul Aziz. In 1075, Syed Taj-ul-Arifeen died due to his increased illness caused by diarrhea. Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi lived a life of anonymity not giving attention to fame or the royal court of the Delhi Sultanate.

He stayed within Delhi and guided people and benefited them spiritually. Not single evidence states that he ever went out of Delhi hence, he is also termed as ‘Qaim Maqam Faqeer’. His teachings were passed on by his descendents such as his great grandson Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani in Ahmadpur Sharqiah, Bahawalpur district, Pakistan. Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi died on the Friday night of 21st of Ramadan 1088 Hijri or 16th November 1677 AD during the reign of Mughal Emperor Alamgir . His shrine is situated in Delhi and his khalifah Syed Mohammad Siddique was the first caretaker of his shrine.[4]

Ancestral lineage

Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi is the descendant of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani in the following order: [5] Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi son of Syed Abdul Qadir son of Sharf-ud-Din son of Syed Ahmed son of Alla-ud-Din Sani son of Syed Shahab-ud-Din Sani son of Sharaf-ud-Din Qasim son of Mohi-ud-Din Yahya son of Badar-ud-Din Hussain son of Alla-ud-Din son of Shams-ud-Din son of Saif-ud-Din Yahya son of Zaheer-ud-Din son of Abi Nasar son of Abu Saleh Nasar son of Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani son of Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. [6]

Spiritual Lineage

The saintly lineage of Faqr reaches Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi from Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani in the following order: [7]

  1. Muhammad Sall Allahu Alayhi Wa alihi Wasallam
  2. 'Alī bin Abī Ṭālib
  3. al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī
  4. Habib al Ajami
  5. Dawud Tai
  6. Maruf Karkhi
  7. Sirri Saqti
  8. Junaid Baghdadi
  9. Abu Bakr Shibli
  10. Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi
  11. Abu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi
  12. Mohammad Yousaf Abu al-Farah Tartusi
  13. Abu-al-Hassan Ali Bin Mohammad Qureshi Hankari
  14. Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi
  15. Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani
  16. Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani
  17. Syed Abdul Jabbar Jilani
  18. Syed Mohammad Yahya Sadiq Jilani
  19. Syed Najam-ud-Din Burhan Puri
  20. Syed Abdul Fattah
  21. Syed Abdul Sattar
  22. Syed Abdul Baqqa
  23. Syed Abdul Jaleel
  24. Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi

Students

Sultan Bahoo[8] was the khalifa-e-akbar (senior spiritual successor) of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani. khalifa-e-asghar (junior spiritual successor) included Shah Habib Allah Qadri and Syed Mohammad Siddique who was the first caretaker of his shrine and had no children. [9] “Hazrat Abdul Rehman Jilani was the Murshid of the famous saint of Punjab-Sultan Bahoo. He was an influential and well recognized saint of Qadri family as well as a man of revelations and miracles.” [10]

The Qadri order

Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi is one of the most recognized Sufi of the Qadri order after its founder Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. [11] “Syed Shaikh Abdul Rehman Jillani was one of the most eminent saints of Dehli. His genealogy traces back to Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. He was distinguished in piety and mysticism and held a high position in revelations and miracles. Syed Abdul Rehman Jillani received spiritual beneficence of the Qadiriyya way from his Murshid Syed Abdul Jaleel. The Qadiriyya way flourished in and around Dehli due to him. Countless Seekers of Allah became his disciples and he blessed many of them with Khilafat and Ijazat (permission to guide others). The famous saint Sakhi Sultan Bahoo was also his disciple.” [12]
The Qadri order branched with Sultan Bahoo to form the Sarwari Qadri order. The disciples which followed started adding Sarwari Qadri to their name. Many great Sufi students and descendants became prominent from this order. [13]

Urs

Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani’s Urs is celebrated on 21st Ramadan with great devotion from a long time now. To date, devotees celebrate his Urs on 21st Ramadan. The shrine of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi is situated in Old Dehli 6-towards the East of Lahori Darwaza near Sadar Railway Station, Railway Colony, Muslim Waqf Board Quarters, Dehli-6-India. [14][15]

Further reading

  • "Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria Vol III " by Dr Ghulam Yahya Anjum; Kutb Khana Amjadia 425 Matia Mahal Jama Mosque, Delhi-6, India, 2002
  • Mazaraat-e-Auliya-e-Delhi, by Shah Alam Afridi; 1922, Delhi, India.
  • Mazaraat-e-Auliya-e-Delhi, by Dr Hifz-ur-Rehman Siddiqui; 2006, Farid Book Depot (Pvt) Ltd, Pataudi House Darya Gunj, New Delhi-2, India.
  • Rehnuma-e-Mazaraat Delhi Sharif, by Mohammad Asim Al-Qadri Sunbhli; Muhammadi Book Depot, 523 Waheed Kutb Market Matia Mahal Jamai Mosque, Delhi-6, India, 2007.
  • Manaqib-i-Sultani, by Sultan Hamid; Allah Walo Ki Qaumi Dukan, 1998.

References

  1. ^ "Qadri Lineage". Sultanbahoo.com. 
  2. ^ Yahya Anjum, Dr Ghulam, 2002, Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria Vol III, Kutb Khana Amjadia 425 Matia Mahal Jama Mosque, Delhi-6, India, p.p. 258
  3. ^ "Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi - Biography". 
  4. ^ Sult̤ān Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. Sultan Bahoo: The Life and Teachings. Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications.  
  5. ^ Afridi, Shah Alam, 1922, Mazaraat-e-Auliya-e-Delhi, Delhi-6, India
  6. ^ Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman, Hazrat Sakhi Sultan (2012). Sawane Hayat Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani: A biography of Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani. Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications Regd., (Lahore, Pakistan).  
  7. ^ Sult̤ān Bāhū (1998). Death Before Dying: The Sufi Poems of Sultan Bahu. University of California Press.  
  8. ^ "Sultan Bahu and his Spiritual leader". 
  9. ^ N. Hanif. Biographical Encyclopedia of Sufis. Sarup & Sons.  
  10. ^ Rehnuma-e-Mazaraat Delhi, Mohammad Asim-ul-Qadri Sanbhli, Mohammad Book Depot, 2007, Old Delhi India
  11. ^ Siddiqui, Dr Hifz-ur-Rehman, 2006, Mazaraat-e-Auliya-e-Delhi, Farid Book Depot (Pvt) Ltd, Pataudi House Darya Gunj, New Delhi-2, India, p.p. 157
  12. ^ Yahya Anjum, Dr Ghulam, 2002, Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria Vol III, Kutb Khana Amjadia 425 Matia Mahal Jama Mosque, Delhi-6, India
  13. ^ Sunbhli, Mohammad Asim Al-Qadri, 2007, Rehnuma-e-Mazaraat Delhi Sharif, Muhammadi Book Depot, 523 Waheed Kutb Market Matia Mahal Jamai Mosque, Delhi-6, India, p.p. 284
  14. ^ Manuscript of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi , Syed Saleem-uz-Zaman Hashmi, 2010
  15. ^ "Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi - Shrine". 
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