World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Symbols of France

Article Id: WHEBN0031469292
Reproduction Date:

Title: Symbols of France  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: French literature, Symbols of Europe, Anthem of Europe, Symbols of Albania, Banking in France
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Symbols of France

Symbols of the France are emblems of the French nation, and are the cornerstone of the republican tradition.

National symbols

The national emblems of the French Fifth Republic are:

  • The French tricolor
  • The National Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
  • Marianne, the allegoric figure of the French republic
  • The official motto: Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity)
  • The Great Seal of France

Other symbols include:

  • The National Order of the Legion of Honor and the National Order of Merit
  • Bastille Day, the French national Holiday celebrated on July 14
  • The capital letters “RF”, standing for “République Française” (French Republic)
  • The Gallic rooster

French tricolor

The Flag of France is tricolor, and consists in three vertical stripes of equal width, colored in royal blue, white, and red. It is the only official French emblem, according to article 2 of the current Constitution of France, adopted in 1958.

French flag.
French Flag

National anthem

The national anthem "La Marseillaise" was composed by Rouget de Lisle.


Marianne embodies the Republic. A personification of liberty and reason, and a portrayal of the Goddess of Liberty, her bust is present in every city hall in France. Her face is also drawn on stamps.The name Marianne enabled the French people to take over the newly-born Republic, by creating a popular figure with whom French people could easily identify.

Great Seal of France

Great Seal of France, in 1848. The headdress of Liberty is similar to the Statue of Liberty, which are both prominent republican symbols.

The Great Seal of France (French: Grand sceau de la République française) is the official seal of the French Republic. The Great Seal features Liberty personnified as a seated Juno wearing a crown with seven arches. She holds a fasces and is supported by a ship's tiller with a cock printed on it. At her feet is a vase with the letters "SU" ("Suffrage Universel", "Universal suffrage"). At her right, in the background, are symbols of the arts (painter's tools), architecture (Ionic order), education (burning lamp), agriculture (a sheaf of wheat) and industry (a cog wheel). The scene is surrounded by the legend "RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE, DÉMOCRATIQUE, UNE ET INDIVISIBLE" ("French Republic, democratic, one and indivisible") and "24 FEV.1848" (24 February 1848) at the bottom.

The reverse bears the words "AU NOM DU PEUPLE FRANÇAIS" ("In the name of the French people") surrounded by a crown of oak (symbol of perennity) and laurel (symbol of glory) leaves tied together with weed and grapes (agriculture and wealth), with the circular national motto "LIBERTÉ, ÉGALITÉ, FRATERNITÉ".

Coats of arms

The current coat of arms of France has been a symbol of France since 1953. It appears on the cover of French passports and was adopted originally by the French Foreign Ministry as a symbol for use by diplomatic and consular missions in 1912 using a design by the sculptor Jules-Clément Chaplain.

== Gallic
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.