World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tabi‘un

Article Id: WHEBN0002126739
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tabi‘un  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hadith terminology, Abd-Allah ibn Ibadh, Jābir ibn Zayd, Ata ibn Abi Rabah, Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tabi‘un

The Ṫābi‘ūn (Arabic: التابعون‎ "Followers") are the generation of Muslims who were born after the passing of the Islamic prophet Muhammad but who were contemporaries of the Sahaba "Companions". As such, they played an important part in the development of Islamic thought and philosophy, and in the political development of the early Caliphate.

Contents

  • Sunni view 1
  • List of Ṫabi‘in 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Sunni view

Muslims from the Sunni branch of Islam define a Ṫâbi`î as a Muslim who:

  1. Saw at least one of the Companions of Muhammad.
  2. Was rightly guided (according to the Sunni, one who adheres to the beliefs and actions of the Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jama'ah).
  3. One who died in that state. The Khawarij are therefore not referred to as Tabi‘un even though they saw many of Muhammad's companions.

Sunni Muslims also regard the ṫâbi‘ûn as the best generation after the Ṣaḥâbah. According to Sunni Muslims, Muhammad said: "The best people are those living in my generation, then those coming after them, and then those coming after (the second generation)" [1].

The Ṫabi'un are divided by most Muslim scholars into three classes:[1]

  1. The students of Sahaba who accepted Islam before the conquest of Makkah
  2. The students of Sahaba who accepted Islam after the conquest of Makkah
  3. The students of Sahaba who were not yet adults at the time of Muhammad's passing

List of Ṫabi‘in

The earliest of the Tabi'un to die was Zayd ibn Ma'mar ibn Zayd, 30 years after the hijra, and the last to die was Khalaf ibn Khalifa, who died in 180 A.H. Therefore, many of the Tabi'un were tasked with the preservation of Islamic traditions from the era of the Sahaba to later Muslims.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Siddiqi, Muhammad (1993). Hadith Literature. Oxford: The Islamic Texts Society. p. 29.  
  2. ^ MSA
  3. ^ a b c d e f g USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts
  4. ^ Upholding the Opinion that Imam Abu Hanifa was One of the Tabi`in
  5. ^ Hazrat Ali bin Usman Al-Hujwiri (2001). The Kashf Al-Mahjub:A Persian Treatise on Sufism. Justice Karam Shah. Zia-ul-Quran Publications Lahore Pakistan. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.