World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tahmuras

Article Id: WHEBN0005194377
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tahmuras  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Shahnameh characters, Persian mythology, Jamshid, Pishdadian dynasty, Al-Mada'in
Collection: Persian Mythology, Shahnameh Characters, Textiles in Mythology and Folklore
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Tahmuras

Lee Lawrie, Tahmurath (1939). Library of Congress John Adams Building, Washington, D.C.

Tahmuras or Tahmures (Persian: طهمورث‎‎), New Persian transliteration Ṭahmūraṯ, older Persian Tahmurat or Tahmurath, from Avestan Taxma Urupa, is the third Shah of the world according to Ferdowsi's epic poem, the Shahnameh. He is considered as the builder of Merv. There is no evidence for his existing as an earlier Aryan chief.

Contents

  • Tahmuras in the Shahnameh 1
  • Erection of Shiraz 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Tahmuras in the Shahnameh

Tahmuras was the son of Hushang. In his time the world was much troubled by the demons of Ahriman. On the advice of his vizier Šaydāsp (شیداسپ), Tahmuras used magic to subdue Ahriman and made him his slave, even riding upon his back as on a horse. The demons rebelled against Tahmuras, and he made war against them with both magic and force. By magic he bound two-thirds of the demons; the remaining third he crushed with his mace. The race of divs now became Tahmuras's slaves, and they taught him the art of writing in thirty different scripts.

Like his father, Tahmuras was a great inventor of arts for easing the human condition. He invented the spinning and weaving of wool, learned to domesticate chickens, how to store up fodder for livestock instead of merely grazing them, and how to train animals like dogs and falcons to hunt for people.

Tahmuras ruled for thirty years and was succeeded by his son Jamshid.

Erection of Shiraz

Based on some Iranian traditions, the Shiraz city was originally erected by Tahmuras Diveband.[1] It has been said by some of the native writers that the name Shiraz has derived from the name of Tahmuras's son.[2]

Preceded by
Hushang
Legendary Kings of the Shāhnāma
70-100 (after Keyumars)
Succeeded by
Jamshid


References

  1. ^ Conder, Josiah (1827). Persia and China. Printed for J. Duncan. , p. 339
  2. ^ Conder, Josiah (1827). Persia and China. Printed for J. Duncan. , p. 339

External links

  • A king's book of kings: the Shah-nameh of Shah Tahmasp, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Tahmuras
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.