World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tasmannia lanceolata

Article Id: WHEBN0004036289
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tasmannia lanceolata  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sichuan pepper, List of Australian herbs and spices, Winteraceae, Uzazi, Alligator pepper
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Tasmannia lanceolata

Tasmannia lanceolata
Tasmannia lanceolata
Mount Donna Buang, Victoria, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Canellales
Family: Winteraceae
Genus: Tasmannia
Species: T. lanceolata
Binomial name
Tasmannia lanceolata
(Poir.) A.C.Sm.
  • Drimys aromatica (R.Br.) F.Muell.
  • Drimys lanceolata (Poir.) Baill.
  • Tasmannia aromatica R.Br.
  • Winterana lanceolata Poir.
  • Winterania lanceolata orth. var. Poir.

Tasmannia lanceolata (syn. Drimys lanceolata), commonly known as the mountain pepper (Aus), or Cornish pepper leaf (UK), is a shrub native to woodlands and cool temperate rainforest of south-eastern Australia. The shrub varies from 2 to 10 m high. The aromatic leaves are lanceolate to narrow-elliptic or oblanceolate, 4–12 cm long, and 0.7–2.0 cm wide, with a distinctly pale undersurface. Stems are quite red in colour. The small cream or white flowers appear in summer and are followed by black, globose, two-lobed berries 5–8 mm wide, which appear in autumn.[1][2][3] There are separate male and female plants.[4]

Originally described by French botanist Jean Louis Marie Poiret, it gained its current name in 1969 by A.C. Smith. It had been known for many years as Drimys lanceolata.

Also known as Tasmanian pepperberry, it is found from Tasmania, northwards through Victoria to Barrington Tops in New South Wales. It is found in gullies in rainforest.[5]


Leaves and berries of the Mountain pepper
Dried and crushed Mountain pepper leaves

Polygodial has been identified as the primary active compound in Tasmannia lanceolata, and is also responsible for its peppery taste.

The leaf and berry are used as a antioxidant activity.[7] Low safrole clonal selections are grown in plantations for commercial use, as safrole is considered a low-risk toxin.[8]

Used in colonial medicine as a substitute for Winter's bark,[6] a stomachic, it was also used for treating scurvy.[9] Mountain pepper is one of a number of native Australian herbs and food species being supported by the Australian Native Food Industry Ltd, which brings together producers of food species from all parts of Australia.[10] The pepperberry can be used as a fish poison.[4]

It can be grown as a garden plant, and its berries attract birds.[11] Currawongs are among those which feed on them.[4] It can be propagated from cuttings or seed, and can grow in a well-drained acidic soil with some shade, but is sensitive to Phytophthora cinnamomi.[4]

Garden cultivars include 'Mt. Wellington', a compact plant with coppery new growth,[12] and 'Suzette', a variegated cultivar.[13]


  1. ^ Beadle, N.C.W., Evans, O.D., Carolin, R.C., Flora of the Sydney Region, A.H. & A.W. Reed, 1976, ISBN 0-589-07086-X
  2. ^ , NSW Flora OnlineTasmannia lanceolata
  3. ^ Floyd, A.G., Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press, 1989, ISBN 0-909605-57-2
  4. ^ a b c d e Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment. "Tasmannia lanceolata". Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment website. Tasmanian Government. Retrieved 2009-08-13. 
  5. ^ Fairley A, Moore P (2000). Native Plants of the Sydney District:An Identification Guide (2nd ed.). Kenthurst, NSW: Kangaroo Press. pp. 52–53.  
  6. ^ a b Maiden, J.H., The Useful Native Plants of Australia, Turner & Henderson, Sydney, 1889
  7. ^ Zhao, J., Agboola, S., Functional Properties of Australian Bushfoods - A Report for the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, 2007, RIRDC Publication No 07/030 [1]
  8. ^ Menary, R.C., Drager, V.A., Garland, S.A., Tasmannia lanceolata - Developing a New Commercial Flavour Product, Rural Industries and Development Corporation, 1999.
  9. ^ Ewart, A.J., Flora of Victoria, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1930.
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Fact Sheet: PLANT DIARY: Tasmannia lanceolata". Gardening Australia Website. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. April 5, 2002. Retrieved 2009-08-12. 
  12. ^ Cally Gardens plant list
  13. ^ Plant profile, Bluebell Arboretum and Nursery
  • Bruneteau, Jean-Paul, Tukka, Real Australian Food, ISBN 0-207-18966-8.

External links

  • "Tasmannia lanceolata".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.