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Tati (Iran)

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Tati (Iran)

This article is about one of northwestern Iranian languages, used in Iran. For the other separate language, see Tat language (Caucasus).
Tati
تاتی
Native to Iran
Region Northwest of Iran
Native speakers unknown (undated figure of 220,000 Takestani)
28,000 Harzani (2000)
Others shifting
Language family
Indo-European
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
xkp – Kabatei
Linguist List
 
 
 
 
 
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Tati (Persian: تاتی) is a group of northwestern Iranian dialects which are closely related to the Talysh language, spoken by the Tat people of Iran. Tats are a subgroup of Persians and speak a Persian dialect related to middle-Persian Pahlavi. They also claim ancestry from the Sassanid Persians.

Some sources use the term old Azari/Azeri to refer to the Tati language as it was spoken in the region before the spread of Turkic languages (see Ancient Azari language), and is now only spoken by different rural communities in Iranian Azerbaijan (such as villages in Harzanabad area, villages around Khalkhal and Ardabil), and also in Zanjan and Qazvin provinces.[1][2][3][4]

In the field of phonetics Tati is similar to the rest of the north-western Iranian languages: it is distinguished by the persistence of Iranian *z, *s, *y-, * v- against the south-western d, h, j-, b-; development /ʒ/ < * j, */t͡ʃ/ against the south-west z, and the preservation of intervocalic and postvocalic *r and even, for a number of dialects, development rhotacism.

In the field of morphology, Tati is less analytical in structure than the south-western Iranian languages. Having lost the ancient foundations of classes and verb, tati preserved case (two case: direct, or subjective, and oblique). It is a gender-neutral language except in some name and verb formations.

Tati is an ergative language, i.e. "with transitive verbs the subject/agent of the verb is expressed by the direct case in the present tenses, but by the oblique in the past tenses, whereas the direct object/patient in the present tenses is expressed by the oblique, but by the direct in the past".[5]

Dialects

  1. Chāli, Tākestāni, Eshtehardi, Khiāraji, Ebrāhim-ābādi, Sagz-ābādi, Dānesfāni, Esfarvarini, Khoznini
  2. Kho'ini, Balbavini, Sefid-kamari, Halabi, Sa'd-ābādi
  3. Khalkhāli, Tāromi
  4. Harzandi, Dizmāri
  5. Kuhpaya'i, Rudbari, Alamuti
  6. Kiliti

See also

References

External links

  • , one of Tati dialects
  • Windfuhr: New West Iranian
  • Grammar of the Talysh language in Russian

Notes

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