World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Taymyr Peninsula

Article Id: WHEBN0000526794
Reproduction Date:

Title: Taymyr Peninsula  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Nganasan people, List of Russian people, List of Russian explorers, Geography of Russia, Severnaya Zemlya
Collection: Landforms of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Peninsulas of Russia, Severnaya Zemlya
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Taymyr Peninsula

Map of the Russian Arctic. Taymyr Peninsula is on the left area of the map.
Location of the Taymyr Peninsula

The Taymyr Peninsula (Russian: Полуостров Таймыр, Таймырский полуостров) is a peninsula in the Far North of Russia, in the Siberian Federal District, that forms the northernmost part of the mainland of Eurasia. It lies between the Yenisei Gulf of the Kara Sea and the Khatanga Gulf of the Laptev Sea in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia.

Lake Taymyr and the Byrranga Mountains are located within the vast Taymyr Peninsula.

Cape Chelyuskin, the northernmost point of the Eurasian continent, is located at the northern end of the Taymyr Peninsula.

Contents

  • Population 1
  • Economy 2
  • Ecology 3
  • Climate 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Bibliography 7
  • External links 8

Population

Indigenous Nenets people of Taymyr

The Nenets people, also known as Samoyeds, are an indigenous people in northern arctic Russia, and some live at the Taymyr Peninsula.

The Nganasan people are an indigenous Samoyedic people inhabiting central Siberia, including the Taymyr Peninsula. In the Russian Federation, they are recognized as being one of the Indigenous peoples of the Russian North. They reside primarily in the settlements of Ust-Avam, Volachanka, and Novaya in the Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, with smaller populations residing in the towns of Dudinka and Norilsk as well.[1] The isolated location of the Nganasan people enabled them to maintain shamanistic practices even in the 20th century.[2]

Economy

MMC Norilsk Nickel conducts mining operations in the area. The company conducts smelting operations in the area of the city of Norilsk, near the peninsula. The nickel ore concentrate and other products of the company are transported over a short railroad to the port city of Dudinka on the Yenisei River, and from there by boat to Murmansk and other ports.

Ecology

Taymyr landscape
Muskox, an Arctic mammal of the family Bovidae, were successfully reintroduced to the Taymyr Peninsula region in 1975.

The peninsula is the site of the last known naturally occurring muskox outside of North America, which died out about 2,000 years ago.[3] They were successfully reintroduced in 1975.[4] The population grew to 2,500 animals in 2002 increasing to 6,500 in 2010.[5]







Climate

The coasts of the Taymyr Peninsula are frozen most of the year, between September and June on average. The summer season is short, especially on the shores of the Laptev Sea in the northeast. The climate in the interior of the peninsula is continental. Winters are harsh, with frequent blizzards and extremely low temperatures. The following data for Cape Chelyuskin provides an indication of the weather experienced in the northern part of the peninsula.

Climate data for Cape Chelyuskin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −26
(−15)
−26
(−15)
−24
(−11)
−16
(3)
−8
(18)
1
(34)
5
(41)
4
(39)
0
(32)
−10
(14)
−19
(−2)
−22
(−8)
−11.7
(10.8)
Average low °C (°F) −33
(−27)
−33
(−27)
−33
(−27)
−26
(−15)
−15
(5)
−5
(23)
−3
(27)
−3
(27)
−5
(23)
−16
(3)
−26
(−15)
−30
(−22)
−19
(−2.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
9
(0.35)
9
(0.35)
8
(0.31)
9
(0.35)
18
(0.71)
21
(0.83)
22
(0.87)
22
(0.87)
15
(0.59)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
201
(7.91)
Average precipitation days 15 15 14 12 11 12 11 12 15 16 13 16 162
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0 0 124 270 217 150 186 124 62 0 0 0 1,133
Source: World Climate Guide[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Ziker
  2. ^ Hoppál 2005
  3. ^ Science Daily
  4. ^ Safari Club Foundation Recordbook entry on Bovids
  5. ^ by Dr. Taras SipkoReintroduction of Musk Ox in the Northern RussiaLarge Herbivore Network Article:
  6. ^ "Climate Data for Mys Chelyuskin". World climate Guide. Retrieved April 1, 2012. 

Bibliography

  • Hoppál, Mihály (2005). Sámánok Eurázsiában. (in Hungarian). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. (The title means “Shamans in Eurasia”, the book is written in Hungarian, but it is published also in German, Estonian and Finnish: Site of publisher with short description on the book (in Hungarian).)  

External links

  • Taymyr Peninsula photographs

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.