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Tayyibi

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Subject: Dawoodi Bohra, Arif, At-Tayyib Abu'l-Qasim, Sulaymani, Arwa al-Sulayhi, Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity, List of Ismaili imams, Al-Qadi al-Nu'man
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Tayyibi

Tāyyib’īyyah/Tāyyibī fiqh or Mustā‘līyyah/Mustā‘lī fiqh is a fiqh system associted with the Mustā‘lī branch of Ismailism that split with the Fatimid supporting Hafizi branch by believing Taiyab abi al-Qasim was the rightful Imam. They are the surviving branch of the Mustaali and have split into Dawoodi Bohra, Sulaimani Bohra, and Alavi Bohra.

Upon the death of the 20th Imam Al-Amir(d.526AH), his Two year old Child Tayyib(b.524 AH). was appointed 21st Imam, as he was not in position to run the Dawa, Queen Arwa al-Sulayhi was authorized by Imam Al-Amir to run the matter considering the situation that prevailed at the time. The Dai had now been given absolute authority and called Dai-ul-Mutlaq and made independent from political activity. Because of the Fatimid Dawat was able to survive even after the fall of Sulehid Dynesty.

Dai Zoeb used to live in and died in Haus, Yemen. His mazoon was Syedna Khattab bin Hasan. Dai Zoeb appointed Maulai Yaqoob (after death of Maulai Abadullah) who was wali ("representative" or "caretaker") in India of the Taiyabi dawat. Moulai Yaqoob was the first person of Indian origin to receive this honour. He was son of Moulai Bharmal, minister of Rajput King Siddhraja Jaya Singha. They all along with minister Moulai Tarmal had honoured Fatimid Dawat along with their fellow citizens on the call of Moulai Abdullah. Moulai Fakhruddin son of Moulai Tarmal was sent to western Rajasthan, India. One Dai after another were continued till 24th Dai Yusuf Najmuddin ibn Sulaiman in Yemen. Due to prosecution by local ruler the Dawat then shifted to India under 25th Dai Jalal bin Hasan.

In 1592, the Taiyabi broke into two factions in a dispute over who should become the 27th Dai: Dawūd Burhanu d-Dīn Qutb Shāh or Sulayman bin Hassan. The followers of the former, primarily in India, became the Dawoodi, the latter the Sulaymani of Yemen.

At present the largest Taiyabi-descended faction, the Dawoodi Bohra Dawa is headed by 52nd dai Mohammad Burhanuddin. The Sulaimani Bohra are headed by their 52nd Dai, al-Fakhrī ‘Abdullāh ibn Muhammad al-Makrami.

References and External links

  • List of Syednas (according to Dawoodi Bohras)
  • The Ismaili, their history and doctrine by Farhad Daftary
  • Religion,learning and science by Young Lathan
  • Medieval Islamic civilisation by Joseph w. Meri, Bacharach
  • Sayyida Hurra: The Isma‘ili Sulayhid Queen of Yemenby Dr Farhad Daftary
  • The Uyun al-akhbar is the most complete text written by an Ismaili/Tayyibi/Dawoodi 19th Dai Sayyedna Idris bin Hasan on the history of the Ismaili community from its origins up to the 12th century CE. period of the Fatimid caliphs al-Mustansir (d. 487 AH / 1094 AD), the time of Musta‘lian rulers including al-Musta‘li (d. 495 AH / 1102 AD) and al-Amir (d. 526 AH / 1132 AD), and then the Tayyibi Ismaili community in Yemen.

See also

Template:Islamic Theology


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